Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 150 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Mar 2023

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features

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Community Profile

The 150 people from Kyabikule struggle to find sufficient water for their daily needs. Currently, they use a well in another community since they do not have a safe water source of their own to rely on.

That would be fine, but they must share the well with three other communities. To say it is overcrowded is an understatement, and the high volume of water users inevitably means people waste their valuable time waiting in long lines.

This is especially true during the dry season when more people flock to the well in search of water. The long lines cause people to miss work or important time tending their crops. As a result, people suffer reduced incomes and food production, making it impossible to purchase things like soap or pay their children's school fees.

"The water point is always crowded, and the [children] are always dragged by adults out of the line even when they are the first [in] the line," 8-year-old Loudren said.

Loudren continued to share that sometimes he is threatened by other water collectors, so he fails to get water and returns home without it. When he fails to get water, he cannot clean his school uniform. Then when he goes to school the next day wearing a dirty uniform, his sanitation teacher calls him to the front during morning assembly, and his friends laugh at him. It spoils his day and his concentration in class.

The borehole is also far away from Kyabikule; the journey takes some people up to two hours, leaving them exhausted. To reach it, people must move along a very busy, dangerous road that is also traveled by speeding sugar cane trucks. Community members, especially parents, fear the trip due to recent incidences of adult and child water users being hit by vehicles.

Loudren shared, "I collect water from the borehole which is in the next village (that is Kyakaki), and it is very far."

"I cannot fetch water because the borehole is very far, about three kilometers (1.85 miles), for one to walk on foot," said Mary (seen below), a 20-year-old housewife and mother of a baby boy.

Instead, Mary's husband collects water using their bodaboda (a motorcycle taxi) and collects six jerrycans per trip to save on fuel costs. The problem comes when Mary's husband is not home, or the motorcycle is experiencing mechanical problems.

"Washing the baby's clothes and bedsheets is hard. [I] cannot mop the house since I have to use the water sparingly in order to have some for preparing food and drinking, and this compromises the hygiene and sanitation of my home," Mary said.

Hopefully, with a well of their own in Kyabikule, people will feel safer and have more time and energy to do their daily tasks so their daily needs can be met. Perhaps they will even dream about the future.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

New Borehole

This new borehole is an exciting opportunity for this community! We work with the community to determine the best possible sites for this well.

We conducted a hydrogeological survey and the results indicated the water table is an ideal candidate for a borehole well. Due to a borehole well's unique ability to tap into a safe, year-round water column, it will be poised to serve all of the water needs for this community, even through the dry months.

Community members will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, rocks, and water for mixing cement. They will also provide housing and meals for the work team, in addition to providing local laborers. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans and drilling professionals, tools, hardware, and the hand-pump. Once finished, water from the well will then be used by community members for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.


Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household) prior to the pump installation for this borehole well.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, a handwashing facility, a separate structure for animals, a rubbish pit and a drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that the current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation – are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to build latrines, use them, and demand that other households do the same.

Improved Sanitation

The aim is that all households own an improved latrine. Many households do not use a latrine but use the bush. Due to open defecation, feces are spread all over the village. This leads to waterborne diseases and contamination of groundwater and surface water. Our aim is that the community is able to live a healthy life free of preventable diseases. We endeavor that at the end of our presence in the community, people will have both access to sustainable, clean water and access to sanitation. We have now organized families to form digging groups for latrine construction, and empowered them with tools to use.

Project Updates

March, 2023: Kyabikule Community Well Complete!

A new borehole well drilled in Kyabikule Community, Uganda is already providing community members with clean, safe water! Additionally, we hosted a training where community members worked together to make a development action plan for their area. As a result, families are working to build new sanitation and hygiene facilities, tools, and habits that will help improve their living standards and enable a healthier life.

Lordick pumps water from the new well.

"I used to come back from school early in order to go and collect water for bathing and cleaning my uniforms, so now I plan to concentrate at school, and I will also have time to play with my friends," said 8-year-old Lordick A.

New Borehole

We worked with the community to determine the best possible site to drill this new well. We confirmed the site's eligibility by conducting a hydrogeological survey, which proves that the water table belowground is at a sustainable level before drilling begins.

Several households volunteered to host our team of drilling technicians, giving them a place to sleep and food to eat throughout their work. Many community members also came to the work site each day to watch the drilling and see the well come to life.

Well construction.

When it came time to build the cement well pad, community members found fine sand and water to mix the cement. After the cement platform dried, we installed a stainless steel Consallen pump, which is now flowing with clean, safe water!

Costance collecting water.

"My grandchildren are no longer going to move long distances to Kyakaki to collect water, waste a lot of time due to long queues. I'm also free from worries of children moving through the main road with heavy sugar trucks, which may lead to accidents. I will now be able to prepare food on time and have timely meals, [so the] children will no more sleep without eating," said 55-year-old Costance Kasangaki.


The self-help group associated with the project was set up and began training in advance of selecting this project.

The first training session focused on financial planning. We mobilized the community through a series of meetings that sensitized them on the importance and purpose of saving. This included meetings dedicated to creating a community profile, where participants map the physical environment and stakeholders in their own community. We also ran a participatory vulnerability capacity assessment exercise. In this session, community members mapped out their shared risks and opportunities, including the water point breaking down.

Participants learning. This is a representative photo from a similar Self-Help Group training in Uganda.

Next, we scheduled the savings group training date with the community. We planned for a one-day training to form the savings group and discuss the best practices for maintaining and managing it.

We worked with the community to establish a Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA) and a water user committee. The savings group set up a fund to provide small loans to each other and another fund they will use to pay for any repairs to the well if an issue arises. The group also agreed on a social fund that will provide grants to fellow group members and help them with funeral expenses or catastrophes such as fire damage. Our teams will provide follow-up training to support putting the savings group into practice while also offering continuous coaching in records management.

Participant engagement is key. This is a representative photo from a similar Self-Help Group training in Uganda.

Additional training sessions will happen in the near future focused on hygiene and sanitation at the personal, household, community, and environmental levels. In collaboration with the community facilitator and local leaders, we will train households on critical hygiene and sanitation facilities to build. These include latrines, dish racks, refuse pits, handwashing facilities, and bathing shelters. Our teams monitor these facilities’ construction while helping the community learn how to best use and care for them.

Finally, we will lead an additional training for local artisans to teach them how to fabricate and sell locally used and accepted sanitation products that allow for more hygienic and accessible latrines.

Just as with the financial training, we will continue to support the community in their sanitation and hygiene progress through monitoring visits. In addition, we will offer follow-up assistance and refresher training to ensure community members follow through in building their new facilities and developing new habits.


This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the well, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!

January, 2023: Kyabikule Community New Well Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Kyabikule Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Borehole and Hand Pump

Girls and women walk long distances for water when safe water is very often right under their feet! Underground rivers, called aquifers, often contain a constant supply of safe water – but you have to get to it. No matter what machine or piece of equipment is used, all drilling is aiming for a borehole that reaches into an aquifer. If the aquifer has water - and after the well is developed - we are able to pull water to the surface utilizing a hand-pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around 5 gallons of water a minute through a hand-pump.


1 individual donor(s)