Project Status

Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 400 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Feb 2024

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features

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Community Profile

Most of the families in Kihagani Kyakantu farm cattle for their livelihoods, but without water, it is nearly impossible to make a living. Therefore, the 400 people living in the community struggle every single day due to the water scarcity they experience.

The community members primarily rely on a seasonal local dam, but it is far away, and the exhausting energy and effort it takes to collect water there. Not to mention the water people work so hard to collect is unsafe to consume, leaving people ill if they choose to do so.

"I come back from school at 4:00 pm, get a simple drink, and then go to fetch water at the dam to wash my uniforms and cook food. Fetching water from the dam is risky because chances are high that a child can fall into the dam, and chances of survival are minimal. After fetching water, at around 6:00 pm, I have to enter the calves in the kraal (pen), and due to [a] series of activities, I don't get time to do my homework [or] even [a] little resting time," said 10-year-old Trevor A., shown below collecting water.

Winnie Kanyana (shown below carrying water), a 36-year-old housewife, also explained the water challenges she faces.

Winnie said, "I am a newborn mother, and sometimes I fail to clean my baby's clothes because the water from the dam can't be used for washing a baby's clothes, hence affecting the baby's hygiene."

Her solution to this was to buy many baby clothes so that even when they go some days without washing the baby's clothes, she can still have something to put on.

She continued describing the challenges she faces with her other children: "In most cases, my children come back late and already tired from school, so it becomes hard for them to go and fetch water. They end up sleeping without bathing and go to school with dirty uniforms."

Winnie concluded: "During the dry season, all the dams dry up, and accessing water becomes hard. It's only my husband who can go to the borehole because he rides there."

But her husband's trip to collect water from a borehole in the neighboring community consumes a lot of fuel, and fuel prices have skyrocketed, making it nearly impossible. When her husband isn't around, it becomes hard for the family to access safe drinking water, so they resort to buying from water vendors, which is also costly.

“Universal access to safe drinking water is a fundamental need and human right. Securing access for all would go a long way in reducing illness and death, especially among children.” - UNICEF

Everyone in this community needs a reliable, nearby water source so they can return to making an income that will adequately support their families to improve their daily lives.

Note: Our proposed water point can only serve 300 people per day. We are working with the community to identify other water solutions that will ensure all 400 people in Kihagani Kyakantu have access to safe and reliable drinking water.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

New Borehole

This new borehole is an exciting opportunity for this community! We work with the community to determine the best possible sites for this well.

We conducted a hydrogeological survey and the results indicated the water table is an ideal candidate for a borehole well. Due to a borehole well's unique ability to tap into a safe, year-round water column, it will be poised to serve all of the water needs for this community, even through the dry months.

Community members will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, rocks, and water for mixing cement. They will also provide housing and meals for the work team, in addition to providing local laborers. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans and drilling professionals, tools, hardware, and the hand-pump. Once finished, water from the well will then be used by community members for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.


Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household) prior to the pump installation for this borehole well.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, a handwashing facility, a separate structure for animals, a rubbish pit and a drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that the current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation – are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to build latrines, use them, and demand that other households do the same.

Improved Sanitation

The aim is that all households own an improved latrine. Many households do not use a latrine but use the bush. Due to open defecation, feces are spread all over the village. This leads to waterborne diseases and contamination of groundwater and surface water. Our aim is that the community is able to live a healthy life free of preventable diseases. We endeavor that at the end of our presence in the community, people will have both access to sustainable, clean water and access to sanitation. We have now organized families to form digging groups for latrine construction, and empowered them with tools to use.

Project Updates

February, 2024: Kihagani Kyakantu Community Well Complete!

A new borehole well drilled in Kihagani Kyakantu Community, Uganda, is already providing community members with clean, safe water! Additionally, we hosted a training where community members worked together to make a development action plan for their area. As a result, families are working to build new sanitation and hygiene facilities, tools, and habits that will help improve their living standards and enable a healthier life.

"I'm assured of drinking safe water free from germs, and now [there will be] no missing school because of stomachache and headache. [I am] planning to keep my clothes and uniforms clean, collect enough water for my mother, clean utensils (dishes), and also make sure the hand washing jerrycan has water at all times," said 9-year-old Peace M.

Peace pumping water at the new well.

New Borehole

We worked with the community to determine the best site to drill this new well. We confirmed the site's eligibility by conducting a hydrogeological survey, which proves that the water table belowground is at a sustainable level before drilling begins.

Drilling begins.

Several households volunteered to host our team of drilling technicians, giving them a place to sleep and food to eat throughout their work. Many community members also came to the work site each day to watch the drilling and see the well come to life.

Preparing for the pump.

When it came time to build the cement well pad, community members found fine sand and water to mix the cement. After the cement platform dried, we installed a stainless steel Consallen pump, which is now flowing with clean, safe water!

The completed pump offers clean water.

"I and family are assured of good health, no diarrheal diseases, and typhoid because of drinking unsafe water from dams which are shared with animals. This water point being near will enable me to save on fuel expenses that I used daily to fuel my motorcycle that I used for collecting water previously," said 30-year-old farmer Sam Wanani.

Sam at the new well.

"[I] joined the saving group, and from the savings accumulated from each cycle, I will be buying at least a cow," he concluded.

Once the water point was complete, a dedication ceremony was attended by the elected Water User Committee (W.U.C.) and community members, including the chairperson of the W.U.C. Mr. Kakungu Erisa gave a speech and thanked us for the safe and clean water provided.


The self-help group associated with the project was set up and began training in advance of selecting this project.

The first training session focused on financial planning. We mobilized the community through a series of meetings that sensitized them on the importance and purpose of saving. This included meetings dedicated to creating a community profile, where participants map the physical environment and stakeholders in their own community. We also ran a participatory vulnerability capacity assessment exercise. In this session, community members mapped out their shared risks and opportunities, including the water point breaking down.

Participants learning. This is a representative photo from a similar Self-Help Group training in Uganda.

Next, we scheduled the savings group training date with the community. We planned for a one-day training to form the savings group and discuss the best practices for maintaining and managing it.

We worked with the community to establish a Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA) and a water user committee. The savings group set up a fund to provide small loans to each other and another fund they will use to pay for any repairs to the well if an issue arises. The group also agreed on a social fund that will provide grants to fellow group members and help them with funeral expenses or catastrophes such as fire damage. Our teams will provide follow-up training to support putting the savings group into practice while also offering continuous coaching in records management.

Participant engagement is key. This is a representative photo from a similar Self-Help Group training in Uganda.

Additional training sessions will happen in the near future focused on hygiene and sanitation at the personal, household, community, and environmental levels. In collaboration with the community facilitator and local leaders, we will train households on critical hygiene and sanitation facilities to build. These include latrines, dish racks, refuse pits, handwashing facilities, and bathing shelters. Our teams monitor these facilities' construction while helping the community learn how to best use and care for them.

Finally, we will lead an additional training for local artisans to teach them how to fabricate and sell locally used and accepted sanitation products that allow for more hygienic and accessible latrines.

Just as with the financial training, we will continue to support the community in their sanitation and hygiene progress through monitoring visits. In addition, we will offer follow-up assistance and refresher training to ensure community members follow through in building their new facilities and developing new habits.


This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members. When an issue arises concerning the well, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In Kenya, Uganda, and Sierra Leone, we're working toward complete coverage. That means reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!

January, 2024: Kihagani Kyakantu Community New Well Underway!

The lack of adequate water in Kihagani Kyakantu Community costs people time, energy, and health every single day. Clean water scarcity contributes to community instability and diminishes individuals’ personal progress.

But thanks to your recent generosity, things will soon improve here. We are now working to install a reliable water point and improve hygiene standards. We look forward to sharing inspiring news in the near future!

Project Photos

Project Type

Abundant water is often right under our feet! Beneath the Earth’s surface, rivers called aquifers flow through layers of sediment and rock, providing a constant supply of safe water. For borehole wells, we drill deep into the earth, allowing us to access this water which is naturally filtered and protected from sources of contamination at the surface level. First, we decide where to drill by surveying the area and determining where aquifers are likely to sit. To reach the underground water, our drill rigs plunge through meters (sometimes even hundreds of meters!) of soil, silt, rock, and more. Once the drill finds water, we build a well platform and attach a hand pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around five gallons of water per minute! Learn more here!


KMO Enterprises
75 individual donor(s)