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The Water Project: Hamis Water Source Pakanyi Community -  Unfinished Latrine
The Water Project: Hamis Water Source Pakanyi Community -  Maize Drying In Homestead
The Water Project: Hamis Water Source Pakanyi Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Hamis Water Source Pakanyi Community -  Latrine With Metal Siding
The Water Project: Hamis Water Source Pakanyi Community -  Homestead
The Water Project: Hamis Water Source Pakanyi Community -  Food Cooks Outside
The Water Project: Hamis Water Source Pakanyi Community -  Dish Drying Rack
The Water Project: Hamis Water Source Pakanyi Community -  Dirty Water
The Water Project: Hamis Water Source Pakanyi Community -  Open Water Source

Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 360 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  01/31/2019

Project Features

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Community Profile

People in Pakanyi Community travel a short distance to the Hamis Water Source. The open water is milky from contamination and algae is visible. But it is the only nearby source for water to use for cleaning, cooking, and drinking.

There are other water points, but the village of more than 1,000 people with two schools is struggling to supply enough safe water to everyone. At best, a single water point serves up to 350 people. There are frequent cases of waterborne illnesses among the community as a result.

Fewer than half of homes do not have latrines. This being a town center, many people are aware of the sanitation aspects and the importance of good sanitation. However, most of them are just stubborn and do not want to comply in as far as improving their household sanitation is concerned.

It should be noted however that there is a considerable number of families appreciating the importance of hygiene and sanitation as reflected by their efforts to have the basics. Though there is a fraction of those still struggling to have total household sanitation coverage.

Most people here are small-scale farmers. In the dry season, people prepare their fields to plant in advance of the rains. They go to gardens and return around midday when the sun is hot.

The women then prepare lunch for themselves and children who come back home from school to eat. Thereafter the men tend to go to town for social activities and the women remain home for household chores until 5pm when the children are let out of school for the day.

During planting season both parents return to the garden in the afternoons to weed and take care of their crops.

There are also others who deal in small businesses like shops, bars, and roadside vending since the area is on the main road to Kiryandongo.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:


Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household), prior to the pump installation for a shallow hand-dug well.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, hand-washing facility, a separate structure for animals, rubbish pit and drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that the current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation– are not only unhealthy but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to build latrines, use the latrines and demand that other households do the same.

New Hand-Dug Well

With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump. The community will participate in excavating and constructing the water source.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes on average 12 days.

This well will be located in Katugo Community and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.

We are also rehabilitating one existing wells for the community to ensure everyone has access to safe water! Learn more here.

Improved Sanitation

The aim is that all households own an improved latrine. Many households do not use a latrine but use the bush. Due to open defecation, feces are spread all over the village. This leads to waterborne diseases and contamination of groundwater and surface water. Our aim is that the community is able to live a healthy life free of preventable diseases. We endeavor that at the end of our presence in the community, people will have both access to sustainable, clean water and access to sanitation. We have now organized families to form digging groups for latrine construction, and empowered them with tools to use.

Project Updates

01/09/2019: Hamis Water Source Pakanyi Community Project Underway

Dirty water from an open, swampy source is making people in Pakanyi Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to build a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : uganda18294-dirty-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


Scandinavians for Life
13 individual donor(s)