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Location: Uganda

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 240 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status: 

Community Profile & Stories

Fungua Macho-Chongolima is a sub-village of the Fungua Macho local council, located approximately 15 kilometers off the Kampala-Gulu Highway. It is also nearby the Nanda Trading Center of Nyamahasa Parish, Mutunda sub-County, Kiryandongo District. This is a small village with only 60 households at most.

This village is characterized by flat land which floods during heavy rains. It is fragmented into small garden plots for subsistence farming. The small garden plots are planted with food crops like millet, cassava and beans. This community is the food basket of the area.

The men and women here wake up at 6AM in the morning to work on their farms. When there are enough crops harvested, women take them to the local trading center to sell. After work, the men meet at that trading center to drink and play cards. Women return home to prepare dinner and relax.

Water Situation

Chongolima Community draws water from open, contaminated sources near their households.

There are protected water sources a little over one kilometer away, which all charge a heavy access fee. “Long queues at protected water sources in the nearby villages makes fetching water among this community a whole day’s job, hence we resort to open contaminated water,” said the village chairman. From our interactions with residents, we found out that households from Chongolima and other far away areas are charged the highest water user fees (5000 Ugandan shillings which is equivalent to $1.50 per month) at the protected wells. This is an attempt to keep distant communities like Chongolima from overcrowding the water sources.

The contaminated sources in Chongolima Community are located in open areas completely open to surface runoff, animal activity, and other contaminants. After drinking, people in Chongolima suffer from waterborne diseases that they can’t afford to treat.

Sanitation Situation

Around a quarter of households share their neighbor’s latrine. Most of these are in good condition. Sanitation in this area is decent because of bylaws that have been put in place by local leadership. Everyone should have their own facilities, but some community members ask to be excused from these demands because they cannot afford construction materials.

You can see what a latrine and hand-washing station looks like in the “See Photos & Video” section. Two community members, Odanga and Sunday, took us on tours to see their homes and meet their families.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

The main objectives of training are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices, since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household), prior to the pump installation for a shallow hand-dug well.

The CDO will continue to encourage each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, hand-washing facility, a separate structure for animals, rubbish pit and drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation– are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to: build latrines, use the latrines and demand that other households do the same.

Plans: Hand-Dug Well

We plan to construct a shallow hand-dug well to give Chongolima a safe, accessible, and sustainable water source. This community has pledged to excavate the hole and provide local construction materials like sand, aggregates, hardcore and bricks. They will also provide food and accommodation for the technician we shall send to work with them during this partnership.

There will be an intensive program to provide access to clean water and sanitation in this village. The community will participate in excavating and constructing the water source. In the meantime, the aim is that all households own an improved latrine. Many households do not use a latrine, but use the bush. Due to the practice of open defecation, feces are spread all over the village and thus contaminate open water sources. We want to ensure that the community is able to live a healthy life that is free of preventable waterborne diseases.

Actual well construction will take four to six weeks if there are no challenges. The well will be lined with bricks and sealing clay, and finished with a Consallen pump.

Thank You for partnering with us to get clean water to the people living in Chongolima!

Recent Project Updates

01/18/2017: Fungua Macho-Chongolima Community Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the members of Fungua Macho-Chongolima Community and their families in Uganda have a new source of safe, clean water. A new well has been dug, and water is flowing. Community members have also received training in sanitation and hygiene, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors. You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this well and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures. Make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab to check them out!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held at the home of the water and sanitation committee (WSC) chairman. This is where people are accustomed to meeting.

The community development officer (CDO) invited six community members, two elders, one local council chairperson, and a village health trainee to participate. Two CDOs, Dan and Peter, trained these participants. They were also joined by Maurice, our Construction Maintenance Supervisor, to teach about the technical side of the project.

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By the end of training, the six community members had formed a Chongolima WSC that will manage and maintain the new well. The six will have roles as follows: WSC chairman, vice chairman, secretary, treasurer, two well caretakers, and mobilizer.

Training raised awareness on keeping water clean, routes of contamination, hand-washing, hygiene practices, and gender. Lessons also equipped the WSC with the right knowledge to do their job well, including managing finances and keeping records.

Since many locals are illiterate, our training facilitator used simple language and many pictures. Participants also formed small groups to discuss the pictures and what practices they illustrated. For each of the topics covered, participants created an action plan to help their community implement new sanitation and hygiene practices.

The WSC has already jumped into action. According to local farmer Adam Rhamadhan, “the WSC called for a community meeting to sensitize the rest of the community members about how to improve the sanitation in their homes.” There will be quarterly meetings and household inspections. As the community works to achieve “open defecation free” (ODF) status, sanitation and hygiene findings will be reported back to staff in Uganda.

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Project Result: Hand-Dug Well

We apologize for the communication delay between Africa and our other offices. Still, we’re excited to share the following logs written during the construction process:

June 24, 2016

Today we delivered Bernard the technician and Martin his assistant to the selected well site. Excavation started to break through hard formations, and two pickaxes have already broken due to hard ground.

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July 1, 2016

Today we hit water at 14 feet deep, and this has energized the community to participate more.

July 8, 2016

Both construction materials and the submersible pump have been delivered to the so that masonry work can begin. Deepening progresses through the water column.

July 15, 2016

The project is progressing through the 19th foot and has a water column of 5 feet. Soil formation has become soft and collapsing. The technicians have started bricking up while excavating through the aquifer.

July 22, 2016

The technicians are currently excavating through the water zone where soil formation is soft and collapsing. To continue deepening, they must brick up at every foot excavated to contain the soft soils.

July 29, 2016

All masonry work at this site has been finished and the well has been cleaned. The well recharge has been measured and now has been covered to cure before we return for pump installation.

August 5, 2016

This project is fully cured and only awaits installation. We shall keep you updated.

September 2, 2016

Today we returned to this village for installation and all went well! The community is now enjoying clean and safe water from this water source.

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This hand-dug well was measured at its completion. It has a total depth of 20.6 feet and a static water level of 6.6 feet. After testing with the submersible pump, we found the yield to be 36 liters per minute!

Monthly fees will be collected and saved for pump maintenance. The WSC is also enforcing rules for behavior at the well, such as tying back hair and removing shoes when drawing water.

Mr. Rhamadhan also witnessed the completion of this new water point. “The quality of water has improved as compared to the open water source we were using before. The water point is near the community members, which saves time and reduces congestion at the other available borehole. That other borehole is 1.5 kilometers away from the one TWT has installed,” he shared.

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12/09/2016: Chongolima Project Underway

We are excited to announce that a project to provide clean water for the Chongolima Community in Uganda is underway. A new well is being excavated, and the community will attend sessions on sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area. We just posted a report including information about the community, project details, and pictures. We’ll keep you informed as the work continues.

Click the tabs above to learn more, and Thank You for your help!

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12/06/2016: Change in Schedule

We were optimistic that this project would wrap up by the end of the year, but our program schedule for Uganda has been delayed. Please bear with us as we match you with the community you are helping. We plan to send an introduction your way soon!

Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Project Data

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump
Location:  Uganda, Kiryandongo, Fungua Macho, Chongolima
ProjectID: 6070
Install Date:  01/18/2017


Project Sponsor - Cornvinus Trading ltd

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Country Details


Population: 27 million
Lacking clean water: 36%
Below poverty line: 37%

Partner Profile

The Water Trust partners with rural communities in Uganda to establish and sustain access to safe water and healthy, clean environments for children to survive infancy and develop to their potential. The Water Trust’s program approach emphasizes community empowerment to enable the community to lead and sustain improvements in water, sanitation, hygiene, and general management of environmental health risks.