Karungu II Community

Regional Program:
Western Uganda WaSH Program

Latitude 2.04
Longitude 32.10

245 Served

Project Status:

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Stories and Community Profile

Welcome to the Community

This hand-dug well will be installed in Karungu, Akiba North, Kiryandongo, Uganda. At this stage of the project, GPS coordinates are a rough estimate.

Akiba is home to around 50 households who form a community of almost 250 people, all who rely on dirty surface water for their daily needs.

Most community members wake up at 5AM to milk their cows. These farmers are paid a small fee to distribute that fresh milk to those in their community who don’t have cows. Everybody is tending to their own plots of land by 7AM, farms which are primarily planted with maize and sunflowers. After a full morning of work, women return home to beat the heat of the afternoon sun. The men, however, take the cows and other animals out to graze. After dinner, men usually gather in the center of town to socialize and drink. The women return to their gardens in the evening cool.

Water Situation

The surface water source closest to the village is a small, unprotected spring. This spring is out in an open field, and is thus also open to many different kinds of contaminants. Logs are suspended over the spring so it can be crossed, and so that women and children can balance on them while they fill their containers. However, women and children are often seen stepping directly into the spring to fill their plastic jerrycans.

Animals are often brought to this spring for grazing, sharing the water with humans. When it rains, even more contaminants are washed into the water. Drinking this water results in waterborne diseases like typhoid, especially among young children.

There is plenty of water in this spring, but it is constantly dirtied by the sources described above. Helping this community dig a well will provide them with a protected source of safe drinking water.

Sanitation Situation

Many families have pit latrines, but there’s still a handful that do not. The latrines we were shown are in poor condition, most of them about to collapse. As we begin to construct the hand-dug well, we will continue to encourage and help each family have their own latrine. Without good facilities, locals are forced to seek the privacy of bushes.

The Uganda program requires that every household has and uses a basic pit latrine before the pump handle is installed. Clean water does not go far if it cannot be kept clean at the household level.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices, since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household), prior to the pump installation for a shallow hand-dug well.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, hand-washing facility, a separate structure for animals, rubbish pit and drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation– are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to: build latrines, use the latrines and demand that other households do the same.

Plans: Hand-Dug Well

The community will participate in excavating and constructing the water source. In the meantime, the aim is that all households own an improved latrine. Many households do not use a latrine but use the bush. Due to open defecation, feces are spread all over the village. This leads to waterborne diseases and contamination of groundwater and surface water. Our aim is that the community is able to live a healthy life free of preventable diseases. We endeavor that at the end of our presence in the community, people will have both access to sustainable, clean water and access to sanitation. We have now organized families to form digging groups for latrine construction, and empowered them with tools to use.

Actual well construction will take four to six weeks if there are no challenges. The well will be lined with bricks and sealing clay, and finished with a Consallen pump.

When Mr. Albino Okema heard about this project, he confirmed the need. “The community is highly populated with limited water points, so getting a water point from you is really good news,” he said.

Thank You for partnering with us to get clean water to the people living in Karungu!

Project Photos

Recent Project Updates

12/20/2017: A Year Later: Karungu II Community

A year ago, generous donors helped install a well with Karungu II Community in Uganda. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partners, Geoffrey Kusemererwa and Sovia O. with you.

The Water Project : 5-6075-yar

01/31/2017: Karungu II Community Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the members of Karungu II Community and their families in Uganda have a new source of safe, clean water. A new well has been dug, and water is flowing. Community members have also received training in sanitation and hygiene, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors. You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this well and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures. Make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab to check them out!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held at a local home with enough room for all participants to sit comfortably.

It was attended by a total of 10 community members, all of who were recruited by the community development officer (CDO). Six of these now form the WSC, which will oversee well maintenance and sanitation improvements in their village. The others were two local leaders, one local council chair, and the village health trainee (VHT).

Training taught committee members about their different roles. There is a WSC chairman, vice chairman, secretary, treasurer, two well caretakers, and mobilizer.

Training raised awareness on keeping water clean, routes of contamination, hand-washing, hygiene practices, and gender. Lessons also equipped the WSC with the right knowledge to do their job well, including managing finances and keeping records. They are now able to be effective ambassadors of good hygiene, sanitation, and health in their neighborhoods.

Since many locals are illiterate, our training facilitator used simple language and many pictures. Participants also formed small groups to discuss the pictures and what practices they illustrated. For each of the topics covered, participants created an action plan to help their community implement new sanitation and hygiene practices.

Jacob Anuti is the chairman of the WSC, and feels ready to adopt these new responsibilities. “We have just ended our three day training, it was good and well-explained. It has helped to build on our capacity, gained knowledge on how to manage the water source. The WSC has learnt its rights in as far as managing the water point is concerned,” he said.

The WSC is already meeting on a monthly basis, and will soon start facilitating community meetings to promote good hygiene and sanitation. These six members will also go house to house to inspect facilities and observe behavior at least once a month.

Project Result: Hand-Dug Well

Construction for this hand-dug well began on November 18, 2016.

Our technicians led the excavation efforts. Pickaxes were provided to able-bodied local men who helped us dig down through hard to soft soil. As the team began to hit water, they needed to use a submersible pump to bail and make room for digging deeper. As the soil got softer, concrete rings were lowered to prevent collapse.

3 uganda6075 excavation

When positive of an adequate water column, the mason began bricking up the walls. This was then covered with the well’s concrete slab and left to cure for no less than a week. The Consallen pump was delivered to the site where our technician led the community step by step through installation.

This well is 24 feet deep with a static water level of nine feet, and has an excellent yield of safe, clean water.

The Water Project : 10-uganda6075-clean-water

12/22/2016: The Karungu Community Project is Underway!

We are excited to announce that a project to provide clean water for the Karungu Community in Uganda is underway. A new well is being excavated, and the community will attend sessions on sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area. We just posted a report including information about the community, project details, and pictures. We’ll keep you informed as the work continues.

Click the tabs above to learn more, and Thank You for your help!

The Water Project : 2-uganda6075-unprotected-spring

12/06/2016: Change in Schedule

We were optimistic that this project would wrap up by the end of the year, but our program schedule for Uganda has been delayed. Please bear with us as we match you with the community you are helping. We plan to send an introduction your way soon!

Project Data

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump
Location:  Uganda, Kiryandongo, Akiba North, Karungu
ProjectID: 6075
Install Date:  01/31/2017

A Year Later: Karungu II Community

December, 2017

People are grateful because they are now drinking clean water. Community members no longer complain of water diseases like diarrhea which were common before…

A year ago, generous donors helped install a well with Karungu II Community in Uganda. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partners, Geoffrey Kusemererwa and Sovia O. with you.

Karungu Village in Kiryandongo District became Open Defecation Free (ODF) with 100% latrine coverage on December 22, 2016.

The well has really served the community members, since they used to have to collect water from an open water source. Scovia, the CDO in charge says that since this water point was constructed, there are reduced cases of diseases caused by consuming dirty and contaminated water. These diseases like typhoid mostly affected young children (below the age of 10 years).

Community members washing off the well pad after they got it dirty.

This community is by the park (Queen Elizabeth National Game Park), so constructing this water point near homes has helped reduce the encounters between people and wild animals like elephants. There have been many cases of elephants attacking the local people, which would further scare them from making the long journey to the open water source.

Jacob Angut showing Scovia where they recently had their pump repaired.

Scovia met with Jacob Angut at the water point to talk about how it has impacted life in Karungu. “People are grateful because they are now drinking clean water. Community members no longer complain of water diseases like diarrhea which were common before… Each family in the catchment area contributes 1,000 shillings a month to use the well, which goes towards repairing the pump when it breaks down. We currently have about 90,000 shillings saved.”

Rose Akullo

Rose Akullo came by to fetch water while Scovia was there. “These days we don’t go to the open source where we were being bitten by mosquitoes, which would cause malaria. Malaria would prevent us from going to school. We have clean water both at home and at school,” she shared.

Scovia said that he’s happy with how well the community members are managing this well. There is a good fence to keep animals out, and they’re collecting the water user fees with a good record keeping system. He is positive that they will be able to continue taking care of their well so that it will serve them for many years.

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.


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Country Details


Population: 27 million
Lacking clean water: 36%
Below poverty line: 37%

Partner Profile

The Water Trust partners with rural communities in Uganda to establish and sustain access to safe water and healthy, clean environments for children to survive infancy and develop to their potential. The Water Trust’s program approach emphasizes community empowerment to enable the community to lead and sustain improvements in water, sanitation, hygiene, and general management of environmental health risks.