Location: Uganda

Regional Program:
Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 300 Served

Project Phase:
Installed

Functionality Status:

Take a Tour

Explore The Project

Stories and Community Profile

This spring protection system will be installed in Ekarakaveni, Uganda. At this stage of the project, GPS coordinates are a rough estimate.

Ekarakaveni is home to an estimated 60 households that add up to a population of 300, all who will soon benefit from hygiene and sanitation training and clean water.

A normal day starts at 6AM, when farmers wake up to beat the hot Ugandan sun. By noontime at lunch, it is much too hot to continue working in the fields. Most farmers specialize in sugarcane, since it can be sold to the local Kinyara Sugar Factory at a decent price. They also grow crops such as cassava, maize, and beans to feed their families.

Women are in charge of getting home first to prepare lunch. For the rest of the afternoon, women are focused on getting household chores done for their families (washing clothes and dishes or sweeping floors). Some of the men head over to the trading center to keep earning money other ways: repairing bicycles, radios, or selling extra crops.

In the evening, women sometimes join their husbands at the trading center to continue selling crops. When this wraps up, the adults start to relax and socialize with their friends. As for the children, most are in school for the majority of the day. Otherwise, they help their parents on the farm and at home.

Water Situation

These 300 people rely on a nearby water source, an unprotected spring that is reliable even through the driest weather. A log is suspended over the deepest part of the spring so that women and children can balance as they fill their water containers.

This water sits open in a field, subject to a myriad of different contaminants. Animals sate their thirst, children play and  bathe at the spring, and rainwater washes things like feces and fertilizers into the water. Families are subject to waterborne disease, with children and the elderly often suffering from diarrhea.

Sanitation Situation

A handful of households here do not have their own latrines. Instead, families either share with their neighbor or practice open defecation. As we begin construction, we will encourage and help each family have their own latrine. With the proper facilities, water will be clean and safe not only at the water source, but at home too.

Dirty water doesn’t only result in diarrhea, typhoid, and cholera, but affects the skin too. Mr. Okech Jackson is one of the many who must rely on water from the spring. He told us that “people within this area suffer from scabies because of bathing in dirty water.”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices, since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household), prior to the project installation.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, hand-washing facility, a separate structure for animals, rubbish pit and drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation– are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to: build latrines, use the latrines and demand that other households do the same.

Plans: Spring Protection

Over continued visits to the community, the viability of a hand-dug well diminished. We just couldn’t find a good construction site for a well that would yield safe, clean water. The terrain here is very hilly; a great place for flowing springs but a difficult place to dig a well.

Considering the convenience, reliability, and long history of this spring, the community has decided to unite with us to build a spring protection system for their current source. Once construction is completed, the spring will begin yielding clean drinking water.

Locals have already begun to gather the materials necessary for construction, such as sand and stone. There’s a lot of work to be done: They will have to help our team clear the land around the spring, diverge the water, build a catchment area with walls allowing for discharge pipes and steps in and out, and dig drainage. Local families will host our spring protection artisans while they begin the sanitation improvements needed for a successful partnership. We all look forward to making these improvements together!


Project Photos


Recent Project Updates


03/31/2017: Ekarakaveni Community Project Complete

Ekarakaveni Community in Uganda has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your donation. A spring has been protected from contamination, and now clean water is flowing. Community members have also received training in sanitation and hygiene, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors. You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures. Make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab to check them out!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training for the beneficiaries of this spring was held outside at the primary school in Rwempisi. This is because we were building a spring protection in a different community at the same time, and Rwempisi was right in the middle.

It was attended by a total of 20 community members, with half of them from Ekarakaveni. All of these participants were recruited by the community development officer (CDO) for the area. Six of these now form the Ekarakaveni WSC, which will oversee spring protection maintenance and sanitation improvements in their village. The others participants were two local leaders, one local council chair, and the village health trainee (VHT).

4 uganda6076 training

Training taught committee members about their different roles. There is a WSC chairman, vice chairman, secretary, treasurer, two well caretakers, and mobilizer.

Training raised awareness on keeping water clean, routes of contamination, hand-washing, hygiene practices, and gender. Lessons also equipped the WSC with the right knowledge to do their job well, including managing finances and keeping records. They are now able to be effective ambassadors of good hygiene, sanitation, and health in their neighborhoods.

Since many locals are illiterate, our training facilitator used simple language and many pictures. Participants also formed small groups to discuss the pictures and what practices they illustrated. For each of the topics covered, participants created an action plan to help their community implement new sanitation and hygiene practices.

2 uganda6076 training

Mr. Gayo, one of the VHTs, said “I thank you for training our communities of Ekarakaveni and Rwempisi. We promise to take the same message to the rest of the community members that were not trained.”

At the start of this training, 75% of families were pooping out in the open and not disposing of their waste. By the end of training and construction of the spring protection, every single household had built a latrine. CDOs and VHTs will continue to inspect latrines and make sure that families are using them.

The WSC treasurer will also began to collect fees on the 5th of January, while the caretaker has committed to clearing the spring area of undergrowth and garbage on a monthly basis.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Construction to protect this spring in Ekarakaveni began on November 30, 2016.

Before the actual building could begin, the community had to gather the construction materials and labor needed to complete the project. They had to transport things like bricks, sand, and ballast to the spring site for the artisan. Several community members participated to make this mobilization process go well.

7 uganda6076 construction

After resource mobilization was finally complete, our artisan arrived to begin the process he has done in dozens of communities. First, he and local men clear the spring site. All bushes and trees are felled with machetes. This is followed by excavating up the slope from the spring output. Ballast is then mixed with cement and sand to make concrete. A wire mesh is lain on the excavated space before the concrete is added in order to create a strong foundation. This foundation is left to cure overnight.

9 uganda6076 construction

Next, the walls are raised with brick. The artisan then installs a pipe low in the collection wall to direct water from the reservoir to a concrete or plastic spring box. He then backfills the spring source with hardcore until water is flowing from the discharge pipe. The area around the spring is then landscaped, fenced, and drainage is dug.

As soon as this project was finished, community members were ready and waiting to fill their containers with clean water.


The Water Project : 15-uganda6076-clean-water


01/09/2017: Ekarakaveni II-Androsi Community Underway

We are excited to announce that a project to provide clean water for the Ekarakaveni-Androsi Community in Uganda is underway. A spring is being protected, and the community will attend sessions on sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area. We just posted a report including information about the community, project details, and pictures. Please look there to read about how the community decided a spring protection system is the best solution for their area. We’ll keep you informed as the work continues!

Click the tabs above to learn more, and Thank You for your help!


The Water Project : 2-uganda6076-community-visit


12/06/2016: Change in Schedule

We were optimistic that this project would wrap up by the end of the year, but our program schedule for Uganda has been delayed. Please bear with us as we match you with the community you are helping. We plan to send an introduction your way soon!




Project Data


Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Uganda, Masindi, Nyantonzi, Ekarakaveni
ProjectID: 6076
Install Date:  03/31/2017




Country Details

Uganda

Population: 27 million
Lacking clean water: 36%
Below poverty line: 37%

Partner Profile

The Water Trust partners with rural communities in Uganda to establish and sustain access to safe water and healthy, clean environments for children to survive infancy and develop to their potential. The Water Trust’s program approach emphasizes community empowerment to enable the community to lead and sustain improvements in water, sanitation, hygiene, and general management of environmental health risks.