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Location: Uganda

Regional Program: Western Uganda WaSH Program

Impact: 160 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status: 

Community Profile & Stories

This hand-dug well will be installed in Kibyama-Titi Community of Kiryandongo, Uganda. At this stage of the project, GPS coordinates are an estimate.

Kibyama-Titi is home to 160 people from 32 different households, all who rely on contaminated surface water for their daily needs.

The majority of community members rely solely on farming to provide their daily bread. Crops grown are mainly for household consumption, while any leftovers are sold to raise money for other domestic needs. Men and women wake up very early to attend their farms before the sun is high in the sky; it is much too hot to work out in the open during the afternoon. When it’s too hot, women return home to do household chores and men head to the trading center to grab a drink with their friends.

Water Situation

Water pools in a swampy area nearby the community. The surface is visibly contaminated with algae, soil and waste that give the water a murky color. Animals come and go as they please, sharing the same source with their human neighbors. During our first visit, there was animal poop right next to the water! Garbage, fertilizers, and feces wash down into the water when it rains.

Women and children are most responsible for getting the water their families need. They kneel down and dunk a plastic container until it is full, which is lugged back home where it is stored until it needs to be filled again.

After drinking this water, locals suffer from waterborne diseases like typhoid and cholera. It’s no wonder that with these conditions, children and the elderly often suffer from diarrhea. We heard a report of this from Mr. Kabiri Rogers, who says that “currently there is a lot of malaria, cough, flu and diarrhea among children.”

Sanitation Situation

No more than half of households have their own pit latrine, while those that do haven’t even built walls. As we begin to construct the hand-dug well, we will emphasize the importance of well-built latrines. Without good facilities, locals are forced to seek the privacy of bushes. When sanitation isn’t a priority, the safety of water cannot be ensured even when it’s from a water well, and it definitely doesn’t stay clean at the household level.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Training’s main objectives are the use of latrines and observing proper hygiene practices, since these goals are inherently connected to the provision of clean water. Open defecation, water storage in unclean containers and the absence of hand-washing are all possible contaminants of a household water supply. Each participating village must achieve Open Defecation Free status (defined by one latrine per household), prior to the pump installation for a shallow hand-dug well.

This social program includes the assignment of one Community Development Officer (CDO) to each village. The CDO encourages each household to build an ideal homestead that includes: a latrine, hand-washing facility, a separate structure for animals, rubbish pit and drying rack for dishes.

We also implement the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach with each of our village partners. This aims to improve the sanitation and hygiene practices and behaviors of a village. During these sessions, village leaders naturally emerge and push the community to realize that current practices of individual households – particularly the practice of open defecation– are not only unhealthy, but affect the entire village. CLTS facilitates a process in which community members realize the negative consequences of their current water, sanitation and hygiene behaviors and are inspired to take action. Group interactions are frequent motivators for individual households to: build latrines, use the latrines and demand that other households do the same.

Plans: Hand-Dug Well

The community will participate in excavating and constructing the water source. In the meantime, the aim is that all households own an improved latrine. Many households do not use a latrine but use the bush. Due to open defecation, feces are spread all over the village. This leads to waterborne diseases and contamination of groundwater and surface water. Our aim is that the community is able to live a healthy life free of preventable diseases. We endeavor that at the end of our presence in the community, people will have both access to sustainable, clean water and access to sanitation. We have now organized families to form digging groups for latrine construction, and empowered them with tools to use.

Actual well construction will take four to six weeks if there are no challenges. The well will be lined with bricks and sealing clay, and finished with a Consallen pump.

Recent Project Updates

03/31/2017: Kibyama-Titi Community Project Complete

Kibyama-Titi Community in Uganda has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your donation. A new well has been dug, and water is flowing. Community members have also received training in sanitation and hygiene, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors. You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this well and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures. Make sure to click on the “See Photos & Video” tab to check them out!

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held at the home of the selected water and sanitation committee’s (WSC) secretary. His home is the closet to the selected site for the hand-dug well.

Training was attended by 10 people, all of who were recruited by the community development officer (CDO). Six of these now form the WSC, which will oversee well maintenance and sanitation improvements in their village. The others were the village elder, a local council chairperson, a government secretary, and a village health trainee (VHT).


Training taught committee members about their different roles. There is a WSC chairman, vice chairman, secretary, treasurer, two well caretakers, and mobilizer.

Training raised awareness on keeping water clean, routes of contamination, hand-washing, hygiene practices, and gender. Lessons also equipped the WSC with the right knowledge to do their job well, including managing finances and keeping records. They are now able to be effective ambassadors of good hygiene, sanitation, and health in their neighborhoods. They even have a community plan to carry out everything they learned.


Since many locals are illiterate, our training facilitator used simple language and many pictures. Participants also formed small groups to discuss the pictures and what practices they illustrated. For each of the topics covered, participants created an action plan to help their community implement new sanitation and hygiene practices.

The WSC is already holding their bimonthly meeting, and the treasurer has begun collecting a small water user fee to help maintain the community well.


Project Result: Hand-Dug Well

September 2, 2016

Today we visited this village and sited a suitable location with guidance from the community. A technician will be delivered to the community to start excavation of the well.

September 9, 2016

Today we reported to this village with Sulait the technician and Muzamil, his assistant and began to guide the community in excavation work. The community received us very well and work has began.


September 16, 2016

The excavation team hit water at 21ft. Currently, the project is 26ft-deep with a water column of 5ft. Deepening will continue until a good water column is seen.

September 23, 2016

Deepening is presently 29ft and the project has a water column of 8ft. Soil formation is soft and work has slowed down since the technician needs more community support.


September 30, 2016

Today the technician bricked up the well to ground level! He is now going to cast the slab (well pad) as the well nears completion.


October 07, 2016

All masonry work is completed and only awaits pump installation. The well is covered and concrete is drying.

October 21, 2016

Today the pump was installed, and the community is celebrating.

The well is measured to have a total depth of 29 feet with a static water level of eight feet.

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Mr. Gilbert, the chairperson of the WSC, was there to celebrate. He said, “This program has helped us to improve sanitation in our village, and they have also helped us to know the importance of latrine use. And above all, they have provided us with clean, safe water for drinking.”

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01/10/2017: Kibyama-Titi Community Project Underway

We are excited to announce that a project to provide clean water for the Kibyama-Titi Community in Uganda is underway. A new well is being excavated, and the community will attend sessions on sanitation and hygiene practices. Together, these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area. We just posted a report including information about the community, project details, and pictures. We’ll keep you informed as the work continues.

Click the tabs above to learn more, and Thank You for your help!

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12/06/2016: Change in Schedule

We were optimistic that this project would wrap up by the end of the year, but our program schedule for Uganda has been delayed. Please bear with us as we match you with the community you are helping. We plan to send an introduction your way soon!

Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Project Data

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump
Location:  Uganda, Kiryandongo, Kibyama
ProjectID: 6078
Install Date:  03/31/2017

A Year Later: Kibyama-Titi Community

December, 2017

There are reduced cases of diseases like diarrhea. I would hear of an average 20 cases per month of children under five suffering from diarrhea as a result of water-related difficulties. But after the construction of this well, I’ve received very few cases.

A year ago, generous donors helped install a well with Kibyama-Titi Community in Uganda. Because of these gifts and contributions from our monthly donors, partners can visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partners, Geoffrey Kusemererwa and Abu Evaline with you.

Kibyama-Titi Village in Kiryandongo District became Open Defecation Free (ODF) with 100% latrine coverage on October 13, 2016.

The community members are very grateful for their new well since the government well they had before was washed away in a flooded swamp. That  well had been sited deep in the swamp and when heavy rains came, it was swallowed. This forced the community members to start walking a distance of about one kilometer in search of clean drinking water.

So with the introduction of this well, community members now save time in accessing safe drinking water. This saved time is usually used for other economic activities like farming and running businesses in the trading center.

Edward Baguma

We met with Edward Baguma at the well to talk about how life in Kibyama-Titi has been this past year. He said, “There are reduced cases of diseases like diarrhea. I would hear of an average 20 cases per month of children under five suffering from diarrhea as a result of water-related difficulties. But after the construction of this well, I’ve received very few cases. The committee in charge of the water point has collected water user fees that are saved in the case the pump needs repairs. Right now, they have over 100,000 shillings.”

Irene fetching water with her siblings.

Irene Birungi came to fetch water during the interview with Mr. Baguma. She said, “These days we drink clean water with no germs, unlike before when we drank water from an open source that was smelly and had a bad taste. This water would cause skin diseases and other problems. With this well, diseases are not evident.”

Evalyne said she is grateful for the huge effort this community is taking to care for their well. It is fully functional, checked by a local mechanic every month.

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.

Country Details


Population: 27 million
Lacking clean water: 36%
Below poverty line: 37%

Partner Profile

The Water Trust partners with rural communities in Uganda to establish and sustain access to safe water and healthy, clean environments for children to survive infancy and develop to their potential. The Water Trust’s program approach emphasizes community empowerment to enable the community to lead and sustain improvements in water, sanitation, hygiene, and general management of environmental health risks.