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The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Plaque
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Well Progress
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Training
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Pump Installation
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Well Progress
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Well Progress
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Garbage Disposal
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Latrine
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Using A Dish Rack
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Ngei Kitchen
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Ngei Household
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Ngei Household
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Jeremiah Ngei
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Ndineesi Uu Shg Member Jeremiah Ngei
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Katuluni Community C -  First Well Neighboring Ikulya

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Feb 2019

Functionality Status:  Requires Repair

Last Checkup: 05/09/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Unpredictable rainfall patterns can’t guarantee water for communities such as Katuluni Village. Most rivers in this region are seasonal. Hand-dug wells are being built along sandy riverbeds to provide clean water, while sand dams harvest rainwater where it falls and make it available to the community through the dry season. This provides enough safe water for households, livestock and for income generating activities.

This is the second dam and hand pump for the community, having worked with them last year. It is a part of a long-term partnership between The Water Project, ASDF and community members to ensure access to safe water all year. Click here to see the projects they built in nearby Ikulya Community last year.

Water

Some community members use the well dug by the Ndineesi Uu Self-Help Group last year, but it can only serve 500 people out of a community of more than 2,000. That means that many people still have to go to other open sources to collect water. Some members of the group still walk for long distances to access the water point.

Water in most parts of this region is collected from open scoop holes in sandy seasonal rivers using 20-liter plastic jerrycans. The water s then loaded onto donkeys or some carry it on their backs. The majority of drinking water is then stored in high capacity plastic containers, but it is generally untreated for contaminants.

Sanitation 

Roughly two-thirds of community members have latrines. The latrines exhibited average levels of cleanliness. Some were made of permanent and semi-permanent structures, chances are high that some latrines have been affected by the ongoing rains leading to their sinking or fall.

The group members are showing commendable strides in use of the information from the sanitation and hygiene training, like tippy taps and garbage pits. This can be attributed to a positive mindset among the community members willing to embrace constructive ideas.

Community

Katuluni is more than 300km away from ASDF’s offices in Mtito Andei. We traveled to the site by car with the majority of the roads up to Mwingi Town being tarmacked.  We had to camp in town for several days due to the distance to the project area so as to cover many projects within the area.

The community group is found in a silent rural village which is largely dry except during the rainy seasons. The area has limited tree coverage with a charcoal burning menace affecting the area which has led to many trees being sacrificed for charcoal trade. Majority of households had decent houses made of bricks and covered with iron sheets, However, there also cases of households living in grass thatched mud houses.

Marginalization by successive government regimes has led to low levels of development in the area with no medical facilities and access roads. Cases of illnesses have led to many deaths as the area lacks a health facility and the poor roads lead to delays in emergency responses for ailing community members.

A typical day starts at 6am. The children prepare for and go to school. After that, livestock are either taken for grazing or tethered in the bush. The husband and wife are free to engage in the main income generating activities, farming, casual labor, etc., for the rest of the day.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Katuluni Community has been the Ndineesi Uu Self-Help Group, which is comprised of 39 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Training

We’re going to continue training Katuluni Community on hygiene and sanitation practices. Though our visits to households were encouraging, we want to ensure that community members are practicing the day to day habits we’re not able to observe. Food hygiene, water hygiene and treatment, personal hygiene and handwashing will all be a focus during our next review.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Katuluni Village and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.


This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


02/25/2019: Katuluni Community Hand-Dug Well Complete

Katuluni Community, Kenya now has a new water source thanks to your donation. A hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam. Once it rains, the dam will build up sand that both stores and naturally filters water available at the hand-dug well. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

Hand-Dug Well

Though many weather challenges and delays were encountered, this hand-dug well was worth the effort! Construction is now complete.

“We are delighted to have completed this project at last,” said Mr. Muketha.

“It is such an amazing water project for the whole community, which is geared towards improving water access in our village and the general living standards at large. Community members will now have water from within the village which will improve levels of hygiene and sanitation.”

The Process:

We delivered the experts and materials, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand and water.

A seven feet in diameter hole is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells don’t reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 ft.). The diameter then shrinks to five feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through.

Once the construction of the lining is level with the top of the dam, a precast concrete slab is built on top and joined to the wall using mortar. Four bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The concrete needs to dry over the course of two weeks before the pump is installed.

The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves.

The well is then given another few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry.

The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam because as the dam matures, sand will amass until it reaches the top of the platform. Once it rains, this sand behind the dam wall will store the water to be accessed through this hand-dug well.

In fact, the sand dam has already stored water that’s currently being enjoyed by the community!

Training

The training was planned through close collaboration and communication between the Waita area field officer Patrick Musyoka, community group leadership, and our training officers.

Mr. Musyoka mobilized and invited all community members to the training after agreeing on the best suitable date for the event. Trainer Veronica Matolo was notified of the schedule far in advance so that she could prepare materials on time.

Community members met outside at the self-help group chairman’s home. They discussed health problems still persisting in their community. They also reviewed the strengths of weaknesses of their current daily cleaning and health habits.

The participants also chose to review handwashing and how to make soap.

One of the most popular activities was “three pile sorting.” This is a problem analysis tool. Its main aim is to discuss daily individual behaviors. In two small groups, participants were given the task of sorting posters illustrating different behaviors into good, in-between, and bad behaviors.

The group said that they found the session very interesting because they did not know that a lot of the practices they were doing have been causing illnesses.

“The hygiene training that has been done to us will be a very beneficial training. This training will help in reduction of diseases since we now know very well what causes them; from stopping open defecation to using latrines, drinking treated water, improving our compound hygiene and personal hygiene, among other improvements. Incidences of waterborne diseases will reduce at a greater rate,” said Mrs. Makau.

Thank You for making all of this possible.


The Water Project : 9-kenya18209-flowing-water


02/13/2019: Finishing Touches on Katuluni Community Hand-Dug Well

Community members in Katuluni have had to persevere to see this hand-dug well to completion. They have done such a great job! The success of this project was also dependent on the adjacent sand dam, which could not be completed until flood waters receded and the soil dried out. Finishing touches are being put on both the sand dam and the hand-dug well, so we look forward to reaching out with a final report by the end of this month.

The picture sent along with this update shows just how close they are to success!


The Water Project : kenya18209-pump-installation


12/21/2018: Katuluni Community Construction Update

Katuluni Community is halfway through the construction of their new hand-dug well. Heavy rains have delayed progress, and the community needs at least another month to finish this hard work. These heavy rains will be more than welcome once the project is complete, since this hand-dug well will pull water that is stored in the adjacent sand dam.

New pictures of the construction progress have been added to the project page. We look forward to reaching out again in January with news of success.


The Water Project : 1-kenya18209-well-progress


07/19/2018: Work in Katuluni Over the Next Few Months

Everyone in Kataluni is excited about their new hand-dug well. Timing is very important as we ensure that everyone is ready for these big changes in their community. The field officers, local leaders, and community members have agreed that the right time for construction and training will be over the next few months. We had previously scheduled this project for September, but have modified that date to reflect the planning change made by the team. Thank you for standing with us as we continue work in Katuluni.

We’re always open to conversation about our process and are happy to answer your questions. And, if you get a notice like this – it’s actually further proof your gifts are being carefully used towards a water project that lasts.


The Water Project : 5-kenya18209-water-containers


05/09/2018: Katuluni Community Hand-Dug Well Project Underway

Unpredictable rainfall patterns can’t guarantee water for communities such as Katuluni Village. Most rivers in this region are seasonal. Hand-dug wells are being built along sandy riverbeds to provide clean water, while sand dams harvest rainwater where it falls and make it available to the community through the dry season. This provides enough safe water for households, livestock and for income generating activities.


The Water Project : 3-kenya18209-ngei-household


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.