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The Water Project: Kyetonye Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community A -  Mrs Mwende In Her Kitchen
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community A -  Pots
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community A -  Dishes
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community A -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community A -  Magdalene Mwende
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community A -  Ivuka Shg Member Magdalene Mwende
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community A -  Carrying Water From The First Source
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community A -  Sand Dam Further Down The River

Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  01/31/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

This is our second year working with the Ivuku Self-Help Group. They formed in January 2016 with the objective of developing and enhancing the social welfare of its 25 members who come from Ivumbu, Kasioni, Kaani, and other communities in the region.

Last year, we installed a dug well and hand pump alongside a sand dam to help households in Kaani Community access safe water. However, we estimate a well can only support a maximum of 500 people, so more work needs to be done to ensure this region of more than 5,000 people can access safe water. That is why we work together with each group for five years to build sustainable water and sanitation solutions. This year, we’re working in Kyetonye Community.

An elderly woman in the community, Mrs. Magdalene Mwende, told us how exhausting it is for her to make the journey to Kaani to fetch water. She finds the trip back home with heavy water jerrycans to be the worst part. She said it is fine for young people because they are energetic.

That leads her and others who are far from the region’s first hand-dug well to use other nearby alternative water sources. The water is easier to collect, but it is unsafe. These open sources harbor waterborne diseases that cause the people who drink from it to fall ill.

“The distance to go and fetch water is far since it is too steep for someone my age. At times we get typhoid, bilharzia or even amoeba because of drinking the water that is nearer,” Mrs. Mwende said to us.

“My nephew has been diagnosed with amoeba many times. We do not have the techniques to treat this water.”

This is a rural area that is partly vegetative, while other areas are bone dry and cannot sustain growth. It is a peaceful area dotted with buildings made of brick stones while others are made of iron sheets. The majority of households rely on farming as their main income source.

Some people report that they also take on informal labor. They are often hired by the hour to perform tasks on larger farms. A few people own small businesses or are formally employed in the region.

The average day starts with the sunrise around 6am. The women usually go fetch water for washing and to prepare breakfast before the children go to school. The men often take the livestock out for grazing. During the day, the woman washes the family’s clothes, tidy up the house, washes utensils and prepares lunch as well as supper for the family. However, in this community, the parents are aged leaving the children to do most of the tasks.

Poverty is a major problem in the community. We collected reports from families struggling to produce enough food so that everyone can eat three meals a day. Continuing to construct sand dams and wells will help improve access to safe water and make it easier for farmers to irrigate their crops.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Kyetonye Community has been the Ivuka Self-Help Group, which is comprised of 39 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands in feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.


We’re going to continue training the self-help group members and their communities on hygiene and sanitation practices. Though our visits to households were encouraging, we want to ensure that community members are practicing the day to day habits we’re not able to observe. Food hygiene, water hygiene and treatment, personal hygiene and handwashing will all be a focus during our next review.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Kyetonye Village and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.

Project Updates

11/27/2018: Kyetonye Community Hand-Dug Well Underway

A severe clean water shortage still affects hundreds of people living in Kyetonye. The walk for water is long and tiresome, eating into valuable time that should be spent on income-generating activities. Thanks to your generosity, that’s about to change. We’re working to install a clean water point nearby and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 2-kenya18215-carrying-water-from-the-first-source

Project Photos

Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


1 individual donor(s)