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The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Framing Sand Dam For Concrete
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Sand Dam In Progress
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Shoveling Concrete
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Community Members Contribute To The Construction
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Shoveling
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Framing Up Area For Dam
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Bags Of Cement
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Raphael Musyoka
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Community Training
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Community Discussions During The Training Session
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Handwashing Station Demonstration
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Mutiso Household
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Mutiso Household
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Mutiso Household
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Ezekiel Mutiso
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Ivuka Shg Member Ezekiel Mutiso
The Water Project: Kyetonye Community -  Shg Members Carrying Water Home

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Jan 2019

Functionality Status:  Project Monitoring Data Delayed

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



This is our second year working with the Ivuka Self-Help Group. It was formed in January 2016 with the objective of developing and enhancing the social welfare of 25 members who come from Ivumbu, Kasioni, Kaani and other communities.

We installed a dug well and hand pump alongside a sand dam to help households in the Kaani area access safe water last year.

However, we estimate a well can comfortably support 500 people, so more work needs to be done to ensure this community of more than 5,000 people can access safe water. That is why we work together with the community for five years to build sustainable water and sanitation solutions.

An elderly woman in the community, Mrs. Magdalene Mwende, told us how exhausting it is for her to make the journey to Kaani to fetch water. She finds the trip back home with heavy water jerrycans to be the worst part. She said it is fine for young people because they are energetic.

That leads her and others who can’t make the journey to use other nearby water sources. Though the water is easier to collect, it is unsafe. These open sources harbor waterborne diseases that cause the people who drink from it to fall ill.

“The distance to go and fetch water is far since it is too steep for someone my age. At times we get typhoid, bilharzia or even amoeba because of drinking the water that is nearer,” Mrs. Mwende said to us.

“My nephew has been diagnosed with amoeba many times. We do not have the techniques to treat this water.”

This is a rural area that is partly vegetative while some other areas are dry. It is a peaceful area with buildings made of brick stones while others are built of iron sheets. The majority of households rely on farming as their main income.

Some people report engaging in informal labor. They are often hired by the hour to perform tasks like working on farms. A few people own small businesses or are formally employed in the region.

The average day starts with the sunrise around 6am. The women usually go fetch water for washing and to prepare breakfast before the children go to school. The men often take the livestock out for grazing. During the day, the woman washes the family’s clothes, tidy up the house, washes utensils and prepares lunch as well as supper for the family. However, in this community, the parents are aged leaving the children to do most of the tasks.

Poverty is a major problem in the community. We collected reports from families struggling to produce enough food so that everyone can eat three meals a day. Constructing a sand dam and a well in Kyetonye will help both improve access to safe water for people like Mrs. Mwende, and make it easier for farmers like Mr. Mutiso (pictures included) to irrigate their crops.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Kyetonye Community has been the Ivuka Self-Help Group, which is comprised of 39 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Training

We’re going to continue training the self-help group members and their communities on hygiene and sanitation practices. Though our visits to households were encouraging, we want to ensure that community members are practicing the day to day habits we’re not able to observe. Food hygiene, water hygiene and treatment, personal hygiene and handwashing will all be a focus during our next review.

Sand Dam

Building this sand dam at a spot further down the river in Kyetonye will bring water closer to hundreds of other people. After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 31 meters long and 2.8 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to people like Mrs. Mwende.

Project Updates


03/04/2019: New Pictures for Kyetonye Community

In the most recent update we sent on January 31, we noticed that some of the pictures didn’t look quite right. After checking further we found that pictures of another community were mixed in with the correct pictures of Kyetonye! We’ve fixed the error and have posted the correct pictures. And we’re excited to share the community has received their first rainfall which is filling the sand dam and storing water which will be easily accessed via the well and hand pump. Even during the dry parts of the year, Kyetonye will have water.


The Water Project : 3-kenya18185-finished-sand-dam


01/31/2019: Kyetonye Community Sand Dam Complete

Kyetonye Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new dam was constructed on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

Sand Dam

There were no reported challenges or delays that were reported to hinder the normal construction process of the sand dam. The group members created a schedule of attendance to ensure the project construction flows as planned. It took 81 days to complete the construction of both the sand dam and the adjacent hand-dug well.

“I intend to farm a lot now that the sand dam was constructed near my homestead,” said Jackson Mwasa. “There’s a lot of clean water at the shallow well as plenty of water was harnessed by the sand dam due to the recently experienced rains.”

Yes, the water flowing from the dam is supposed to be there. As it flows through the dam, sand is building up behind the wall! This sand will store water during the coming dry seasons.

The Process:

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand that were required for successful completion of the dam. They also provided unskilled labor to support our artisans. The collection of raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction. For a super large sand dam, materials collection could take up to four months.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and twisted bar are used to reinforce the mixture. Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold the sludge and rocks up above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

As soon as it rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

It could take up to three years of rain (because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. It is 26.55 meters long and 6.2 meters high and took 650 bags of cement to build.

Sand dam construction was undertaken simultaneously with the construction of a hand-dug well that will give community members a safe method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, a huge supply of water will be available for drinking from the adjacent hand-dug well.

To see that hand-dug well, click here.

New Knowledge

The planning of the training was conducted a few weeks prior to the date. Christine Lucas Mutheu, a WASH officer, contacted the field officer in charge of the group to organize and mobilize the group members for the refresher training. Madam Ruth Mwanzia then contacted the group members to inform them on the agreed date and planned for a centrally-based venue in which the training would occur.

The training took place at Teresiah Kilonzo’s homestead. Teresiah is a member of Ivuka self-help group. The homestead is a central venue for all the members and also it’s located 10 meters away from their sand dam.

Attendance was great considering this was not our first training with the Ivuka Self-Help Group. Out of the 22 people in the group, 20 members turned up for the training. On this day of, the weather was calm and conducive for learning. The venue where the training was conducted was centrally based as it is 10 meters away from the sand dam and it was near all the members’ homesteads.

The participation levels of the group members were high as all the attendees portrayed immense interest in the topics of discussion.

“The training was great as we were refreshed on a lot of information taught in the previous training which we had forgotten,” said Raphael Musyoka.

People attending were trained on topics including:

– cleaning latrines
– water treatment
– waste disposal
– how diseases spread
– how to make soap

The training went on smoothly without any major challenges coming along the way, this made the activity high successful.

Milka Mbithe, a member of this group, took the rest of the members through the demonstration on how to construct a tippy tap handwashing station while a few members competed to demonstrate to the rest of the members on the handwashing procedure. The competition made the topic interesting and at the end of it all the participants were handwashing experts!


The Water Project : 5-kenya18185-finished-sand-dam


01/02/2019: Kyetonye Community Sand Dam Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage in Kyetonye Community still affects hundreds of people. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a water point nearby and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 1-kenya18185-shg-members-carrying-water-home


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.



Contributors

Field of Green Grass Solutions, Inc.
The Singh / Aggarwal / Nath Family
incuda GmbH
Blue Diamond Denim
Chrue
Sean Delaney
Max Ben & Lars Rauch
131 individual donor(s)