Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 258 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Dec 2018

Functionality Status:  Low/No Water or Mechanical Breakdown

Last Checkup: 12/08/2022

Project Features

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The Kituuti Ntheketha Self-Help Group in Kala Community has had an interest in working on water projects in their locality to improve water access and living standards at large. But a lack of funds prevented them from purchasing the hardware and hiring skilled labor to complete a project.

After learning about our work in other areas they sought our support in the construction of a dam. Our officers met the group and found it of good capacity and population to work on water projects.

We visited the community on a cold, rainy morning. Walking on the footpaths involved sliding in muddy areas and crossing flowing streams on our way to the group site.

The community group is found in a peaceful, rural area with significant tree coverage made of predominantly indigenous trees. The area is hilly with steep slopes making part of the footpaths and roads linking up to the area. Many households have decent houses made up of bricks and well roofed with iron sheets.

People collect water from a nearby river. The water was not clean and looked colored when we visited. Locals have no choice as there no other water sources within the area. Chances are high that the water is contaminated, exposing the community to possible waterborne diseases. It is also seasonal, meaning people will have to look for water elsewhere when it runs dry for periods throughout the year.

Community members have been exposed to rampant conflicts among themselves in the struggle for the meager water resources. As a result, the level of hygiene and sanitation in their homesteads is low due to the insufficient water supply.

"Our levels of hygiene and sanitation are way low compared to the wishes of many of our community members, lack of water and low levels of hygiene knowledge are the reasons for our current situation, by implementing water projects we hope to redeem ourselves," Mr. Charles Kimatu said to us.

The latrines we visited exhibited average levels of cleanliness. No household had water placed outside the facilities so people can wash their hands. Some of the latrines were made of permanent and semi-permanent structures. Chances are high that some latrines have been affected by the ongoing rains - leading to them sinking in the mud or falling down.

The lack of clean water sources in the village has led to locals spend much of their time in pursuit of the basic commodity of time.

The time wasted fetching water and combating illness caused by drinking the dirty source could otherwise be spent doing meaningful activities, like working, farming, or going to school. The long walks to water sources have caused substantial damage to women and children who are mostly involved in the water fetching activities.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Kala Community has been the Kituuti Ntheketha Self-Help Group, which is comprised of farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.


We’re going to train self-help group members and their communities on hygiene and sanitation practices. Kala Community is a new group working on their first water project, so it was a pleasant surprise to find that every homestead we visited had a latrine. The majority of households had a garbage pit, and several had helpful tools like clotheslines and dish racks. We will continue to encourage improvement here, especially when it comes to daily cooking habits, personal hygiene, water hygiene and its treatment, and handwashing.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Kala Village and will bring clean water closer to families who often have to walk long distances to find any water at all.

Project Updates

05/21/2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Kala Community

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Kala, Kenya.

We trained community members on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19.

Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

- Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

- Proper handwashing technique

- The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

- Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

- Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

- What social distancing is and how to practice it

- How to cough into an elbow

- Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

- How to make and properly wear a facemask.

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point,

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.

10/28/2019: Giving Update: Kala Community Hand-Dug Well

A year ago, your generous donation helped Kala Community in Kenya access clean water.

There’s an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Kala. Month after month, their giving supports ongoing sustainability programs that help this community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Read more…

12/03/2018: Kala Community Hand-Dug Well Project Complete

Kala Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam. The dam will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter the water available at the well. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

Hand-Dug Well

"As a community we a very happy to have this project in our location. It has really taken a lot of hard work and commitment to make it happen," reflected Mr. Charles Kimatu.

"With this project, we are looking forward to having enough clean water for the community and livestock. This will help improve our lives and reduce exposure to diseases attributed to use of water from unsafe sources."

The Process:

We delivered the experts and materials, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand and water.

A hole seven feet in diameter is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells don’t reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 ft.).

The diameter shrinks to five feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. Sand builds up around the well walls, which will naturally filter the rainwater that’s stored behind the dam.

Once the construction of the lining reaches ground level, a precast concrete slab is laid on top and joined to the wall using mortar. Four bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The concrete needs to dry over the course of two weeks before the pump is installed.

The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves.

The well is then given another few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry. The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam (go here to check it out) because as the dam matures, sand builds up to the top of the wall. Until then, people will climb the concrete steps to get their water.

It could take up to three years of rain (Because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for the adjacent sand dam to build up enough stand to store the maximum amount of water – water available for drinking, cooking, washing, watering animals and irrigating farms.

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was planned and organized by the Kasunguni area field officer Mutuku Mukeka. He communicated with the self-help group members and settled on the best possible date for training to be conducted. All of the community members were invited to the training, which was held at Mr. Benson Thuku's homestead.

All participants were excited to learn. There were several group discussions, which provided everyone with an opportunity to speak up and contribute to the various study topics.

Topics and activities included:

- identifying health problems in the community
- differentiating between good and bad habits

Discussing different behaviors practiced in the community and whether or not they impact health.

- how diseases spread
- choosing the proper barriers to block disease spread
- making an action plan for hygiene improvements
- handwashing

A woman demonstrates handwashing using a tool called the "tippy tap."

- how to make soap

Mixing soap

Participants were most involved in the discussions about disease transmission. They uncovered different routes that germs take around their community, and were surprised at the huge negative impact that improper waste disposal has on everyone. Many of these health issues start with human waste, and if a family doesn't have a latrine they endanger the entire community.

This made everyone all the more eager to learn how to build a proper latrine, wash hands, and treat drinking water.

"The training will change our lives in that it will lead to behavior change in the positive direction," shared Mr. Benson Thuku.

"For instance, installing handwashing facilities and other hygiene infrastructure within our homes and teach our neighbors on the knowledge acquired so that they contribute to the overall improvements within the community. The soap-making training also opened our minds on... making it an income-generating activity."

10/02/2018: Kala Community Hand-Dug Well Underway

Dirty water from open scoop holes is making people in Kala Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a hand-dug well and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.

Giving Update: Kala Community Hand-Dug Well

October, 2019

A year ago, your generous donation helped Kala community in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Felix Kaunda. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Kala Community 1B.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kala Community 1B maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

In the past year, Kala community members have experienced great changes in their livelihoods as a result of their sand dam and hand-dug shallow well water project. Among the greatest improvements in their lives has been the reduced distance covered to the water source and the quality of water attained from it.

"The project has been very resourceful to us in the past year because our lives have been made easier," said Felistus Kyalo.

"A time like this in the previous years, we would be trekking to the dry river beds to dig scoop holes under the scorching sun. Now, everything is different. Access to clean drinking water is no longer hectic as it was before."

Community members are very excited because they can access the water point easily. The community members now walk for less than 200 meters to get water to meet their daily needs.

As a result of the water project, there is plenty of water which is fresh for consumption. The environment here has improved. It is serene and very cool. There is green vegetation everywhere near the sand dam project.

"The project has been very helpful to me and it has challenged me to work harder. There has been water available throughout the year, a phenomenon that has not been experienced in the region for a while," said Felix Kaunda.

"I have used the water to plant vegetables in my farm. Our livestock come to drink water from the river which is nearer and safer compared to where we used to walk before."

The vegetation cover has improved thus providing adequate food for the livestock.

Hygiene and sanitation practices such as handwashing, cleaning of the latrines, and washing the house, among other chores, are easily performed due to easy access to water. Cases of waterborne diseases such as typhoid are unheard of because the members are aware of the water treatment practices needed to keep their water clean and safe for drinking.

"Through the hygiene and sanitation training we received, we are now equipped with knowledge of water treatment which has helped in reducing the risks of contracting diseases," said Mrs. Kyalo.

"We have been washing our hands before and after meals because we were trained on setting up tippy tap handwashing stations and making soap. Our latrines are cleaned often and we also use ash to reduce odor."

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kala Community 1B maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Kala Community 1B – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise!


Project Sponsor - Barbara Belle Ash Dougan Foundation
Project Sponsor - Barbara Belle Ash Dougan Foundation