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The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Plaque
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Back
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Front
The Water Project: Kala Community -  The Fruit Of Their Labor
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Mixing Cement For The Dam
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Training
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Pots And Other Kitchen Items
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Grazing Cattle
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Family
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Cooking Area
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Chicken Coop
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Compound
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Lifting Water To Carry Home
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Pouring Water Into Larger Container
The Water Project: Kala Community -  Collecting Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 258 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Dec 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 04/29/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



The Kituuti Ntheketha Self-Help Group in Kala Community has had an interest in working on water projects in their locality to improve water access and living standards at large. But a lack of funds prevented them from purchasing the hardware and hiring skilled labor to complete a project.

After learning about our work in other areas they sought our support in the construction of a dam. Our officers met the group and found it of good capacity and an eager membership that’s ready to work on water projects.

We visited the community on a cold, rainy morning. Walking on the footpaths involved sliding in muddy areas and crossing flowing streams on our way to the group site.

The community group is found in a peaceful, rural area with significant tree coverage made of predominantly indigenous trees. The area is hilly with steep slopes making part of the footpaths and roads linking up to the area. Many households have decent houses made up of bricks and good iron sheets for roofs.

People collect water from a nearby river. The water was not clean and looked colored when we visited. Locals have no choice as there no other water sources within the area. Chances are high that the water is contaminated, exposing the community to possible waterborne diseases. It is also seasonal, meaning people will have to look for water elsewhere when it runs dry for periods throughout the year.

Community members have been exposed to rampant conflicts among themselves in the struggle for the meager water resources. As a result, the level of hygiene and sanitation in their homesteads is low due to the insufficient water supply.

“Our levels of hygiene and sanitation are way low compared to the wishes of many of our community members, lack of water and low levels of hygiene knowledge are the reasons for our current situation, by implementing water projects we hope to redeem ourselves,” Mr. Charles Kimatu said to us.

The latrines we visited exhibited average levels of cleanliness. No household had water placed outside the facilities so people can wash their hands. Some of the latrines were made of permanent and semi-permanent structures. Chances are high that some latrines have been affected by the ongoing rains – leading to them sinking in the mud or falling down.

The lack of clean water sources in the village has led to locals spend much of their time in pursuit of the basic commodity of time.

The time wasted fetching water and combating illness caused by drinking the dirty source could otherwise be spent doing meaningful activities, like working, farming, or going to school. The long walks to water sources have caused substantial damage to women and children who are mostly involved in the water fetching activities.

What we can do:

Our main entry point into Kala Community has been the Kituuti Ntheketha Self-Help Group, which is comprised of farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Training

We’re going to train self-help group members and their communities on hygiene and sanitation practices. Kala Community is a new group working on their first water project, so it was a pleasant surprise to find that every homestead we visited had a latrine. The majority of households had a garbage pit, and several had helpful tools like clotheslines and dish racks. We will continue to encourage improvement here, especially when it comes to daily cooking habits, personal hygiene, water hygiene and its treatment, and handwashing.

Sand Dam

Building this sand dam at a spot further down the river in Kala will bring water closer to hundreds of other people. After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 46.4 meters long and 4.8 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to hundreds of people.

Project Updates


12/03/2018: Kala Community Sand Dam Project Complete

Kala Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new dam was constructed on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was planned and organized by the Kasunguni area field officer Mutuku Mukeka. He communicated with the self-help group members and settled on the best possible date for training to be conducted. All of the community members were invited to the training, which was held at Mr. Benson Thuku’s homestead.

All participants were excited to learn. There were several group discussions, which provided everyone with an opportunity to speak up and contribute to the various study topics.

An icebreaker activity to teach about the value of working together

Topics and activities included:

– identifying health problems in the community
– differentiating between good and bad habits
– how diseases spread
– choosing the proper barriers to block disease spread
– making an action plan for hygiene improvements
– handwashing
– how to make soap

Group members took turns mixing the soap recipe that we presented

Participants were most involved in the discussions about disease transmission. They uncovered different routes that germs take around their community, and were surprised at the huge negative impact that improper waste disposal has on everyone. Many of these health issues start with human waste, and if a family doesn’t have a latrine they endanger the entire community.

This made everyone all the more eager to learn how to build a proper latrine, wash hands, and treat drinking water.

People worked together on an action plan to implement many of the new things they learned

“The training will change our lives in that it will lead to behavior change in the positive direction,” shared Mr. Benson Thuku.

“For instance, installing handwashing facilities and other hygiene infrastructure within our homes and teach our neighbors on the knowledge acquired so that they contribute to the overall improvements within the community. The soap-making training also opened our minds on… making it an income-generating activity.”

Sand Dam

“As a community we a very happy to have this project in our location. It has really taken a lot of hard work and commitment to make it happen,” reflected Mr. Charles Kimatu.

“With this project, we are looking forward to having enough clean water for the community and livestock. This will help improve our lives and reduce exposure to diseases attributed to use of water from unsafe sources.”

The Process:

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand that were required for successful completion of the dam. They also provided unskilled labor to support our artisans. The collection of raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction. For a super large sand dam, materials collection could take up to four months.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and twisted bar are used to reinforce the mixture. Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold the sludge and rocks up above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

As soon as it rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

It could take up to three years of rain (because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. It is 46.4 meters long and 4.8 meters high and took 650 bags of cement to build.

Sand dam construction was undertaken simultaneously with the construction of a hand-dug well that will give community members a safe method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, a huge supply of water will be available for drinking from the adjacent hand-dug well.

To see that hand-dug well, click here.


The Water Project : 24-kenya18188-the-fruit-of-their-labor


10/02/2018: Kala Community Sand Dam Underway

Dirty water from far away sources is making people in Kala Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a sand dam to bring water nearby, and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya18218-hauling-water-to-carry-home


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.



Contributors

Project Sponsor - Barbara Belle Ash Dougan Foundation