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The Water Project: Kithumba Community C -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Kithumba Community C -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kithumba Community C -  Jane Mutuku
The Water Project: Kithumba Community C -  Dishes
The Water Project: Kithumba Community C -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kithumba Community C -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kithumba Community C -  Compound
The Water Project: Kithumba Community C -  Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Kithumba Community C -  Using Community Well

Project Status

Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  03/31/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

This is the second year we have worked with Kithumba Community and the Kakwa Self-Help Group. One dam and one well were constructed last year, giving people access to safe water for drinking and a source for irrigating their crops.

Universal access to water by all community members remains a challenge in this locality with some members coming from far areas from the already implemented water projects. So, we plan to construct another well and dam to ensure that everyone has safe water nearby.

“The benefits of our first dam and well are visible, now we are getting water close to our homes and we are improving in terms of our hygiene and sanitation practices,” Mr. Richard Muange said.

“We still need more water in the village as there still gaps in water access, We hope to keep on improving as we implement more projects.”

Go here to view previous projects in the community and see their progress over the past few years.

This self-help group is in the second year of our five-year development program. They were trained during the construction of their first successful sand dam and well, and have grown immensely since then. The community members exhibit high levels of commitment to ensure easy access to water by all the community population through implementation of more water projects to reach every corner of the village.

Kithumba is generally hilly with steep slopes, found on a peaceful vegetated rural area where the majority of the houses are grass thatched. Most people here are actively involved in large-scale fruit farming in their pieces of land especially mangoes and oranges, the increased production of fruits in the area resulted to the Makueni county government installing a fruit processing plant at the nearby Kalamba Market to tap on produce from the locals.

The community’s proximity to Matiliku Market center has led to many people attending market days every Wednesday. Locals walk together to the market in a bid to maximize on the increased variety of choice and fresh produce.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Kithumba Community has been the Kakwa Self-Help Group, which is comprised of farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands in feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.


We’re going to train the self-help group members and their communities on hygiene and sanitation practices. The majority of households have a place for people to use the bathroom, but there are still some families who are sharing with their neighbor. The majority of latrines we were able to visit were in poor condition. Other facilities were even more uncommon; there were not many clotheslines, dish racks, or pens for animals.

We also look forward to teaching about important daily practices that will make people healthy and happy. Having good facilities is only the first step! Handwashing and water treatment will have their own sessions.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Kithumba Village and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.

Project Updates

01/10/2019: Kithumba Community Hand-Dug Well Project Underway

Severe water shortage affects hundreds of people living in Kithumba Community, Kenya. Thanks to your generosity, we are bringing a water point to hundreds of people who walk miles for water.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : kenya18228-carrying-water-home

Project Photos

Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.