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The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Water Storage In Kitchen
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Veronica Munini Yrs
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Clothes Hanging To Dry
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Latrines
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Cooking
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Water Storage Containers In Yard
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Compound
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Pumping Water From Well

Project Status

Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  03/01/2019

Project Features

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This is the second year we have worked with Kithumba Community and the Kakwa Self-Help Group. One dam and one well were constructed last year, giving people access to safe water for drinking and a source for irrigating their crops.

Universal access to water by all community members remains a challenge in this locality with some members coming from far areas from the already implemented water projects. So we plan to construct another well and dam to ensure that everyone has safe water nearby.

“The benefits of our first dam and well are visible, now we are getting water close to our homes and we are improving in terms of our hygiene and sanitation practices,” Mr. Richard Muange said.

“We still need more water in the village as there still gaps in water access, We hope to keep on improving as we implement more projects.”

Go here to view previous projects in the community.

This self-help group is in the second year of our five-year development program. They were trained during the construction of their first successful sand dam and well, and have grown immensely since then. The community members exhibit high levels of commitment to ensure easy access to water by all the community population through implementation of more water projects to reach every corner of the village.

Kithumba is generally hilly with steep slopes, found in a peaceful vegetated rural area where the majority of the houses are grass thatched. Most people here are actively involved in large-scale fruit farming, especially mangoes and oranges. The increased production of fruits in the area resulted in the Makueni County government installing a fruit processing plant at the nearby Kalamba Market to tap on produce from the locals.

The community’s proximity to Matiliku Market center has led to many people attending market days that are held every Wednesday. Locals walk together to the market in a bid to maximize on the increased variety of choice and fresh produce.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Kithumba Community has been the Kakwa Self-Help Group, which is comprised of farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands in feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.


We’re going to train the self-help group members and their communities on hygiene and sanitation practices. The majority of households have a place for people to use the bathroom, but there are still some families who are sharing with their neighbor. The majority of latrines we were able to visit were in poor condition. Other facilities were even more uncommon; there were not many clotheslines, dish racks, or pens for animals.

We also look forward to teaching about important daily practices that will make people healthy and happy. Having good facilities is only the first step! Handwashing and water treatment will have their own sessions.

Sand Dam

Building this sand dam at a spot further down the river in Kithumba will bring water closer to hundreds of other people. After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 31.3 meters long and 5 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to people in Kithumba.

We're just getting started, check back soon!

Project Photos

Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.