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The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Progress
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Progress
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Trenching
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Trenching
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Trenching
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Trenching
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Stones Collected By Community
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Water Storage In Kitchen
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Veronica Munini Yrs
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Clothes Hanging To Dry
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Latrines
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Cooking
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Water Storage Containers In Yard
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Compound
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kithumba Community B -  Pumping Water From Well

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Feb 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 10/08/2019

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



This is the second year we have worked with Kithumba Community and the Kakwa Self-Help Group. One dam and one well were constructed last year, giving people access to safe water for drinking and a source for irrigating their crops.

But universal access to water for all community members remains a challenge in this village, with some members coming from the other end of the village to access water. So we plan to construct another well and dam to ensure that everyone has safe water nearby.

“The benefits of our first dam and well are visible, now we are getting water close to our homes and we are improving in terms of our hygiene and sanitation practices,” Mr. Richard Muange said.

“We still need more water in the village as there are still gaps in water access. We hope to keep on improving as we implement more projects.”

Go here to view previous projects in the community.

This self-help group is in the second year of our five-year development program. They were trained during the construction of their first successful sand dam and well, and have grown immensely since then. The community members exhibit high levels of commitment to ensure easy access to water by all the community population through implementation of more water projects to reach every corner of the village.

Kithumba is generally hilly with steep slopes, found in a peaceful vegetated rural area where the majority of the houses are grass thatched. Most people here are actively involved in large-scale fruit farming, especially mangoes and oranges. The increased production of fruits in the area resulted in the Makueni County government installing a fruit processing plant at the nearby Kalamba Market to tap on produce from the locals.

The community’s proximity to Matiliku Market center has led to many people attending market days that are held every Wednesday. Locals walk together to the market in a bid to maximize on the increased variety of choice and fresh produce.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Kithumba Community has been the Kakwa Self-Help Group, which is comprised of farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Training

We’re going to train the self-help group members and their communities on hygiene and sanitation practices. The majority of households have a place for people to use the bathroom, but there are still some families who are sharing with their neighbor. The majority of latrines we were able to visit were in poor condition. Other facilities were even more uncommon; there were not many clotheslines, dish racks, or pens for animals.

We also look forward to teaching about important daily practices that will make people healthy and happy. Having good facilities is only the first step! Handwashing and water treatment will have their own sessions.

Sand Dam

Building this sand dam at a spot further down the river in Kithumba will bring water closer to hundreds of other people. After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 31.3 meters long and 5 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to people in Kithumba.

Project Updates


10/30/2019: Giving Update: Kithumba Community Sand Dam

A year ago, your generous donation helped Kithumba Community in Kenya access clean water.

There’s an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Kithumba. Month after month, their giving supports ongoing sustainability programs that help this community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Read more…


The Water Project : kenya18198-thumbs-up


02/26/2019: Kithumba Community Sand Dam Complete

Kithumba Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new dam was constructed on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

Training Review and New Knowledge

Matiliku region field officer Jeff Maluki mobilized community members to attend the training. All community members were invited and the date shared in time for the trainers to prepare. The weather ended up being cold and rainy. The homestead we met at luckily had a a shelter that provided enough cover for the participants.

Participants asked us to review water treatment, latrine hygiene, handwashing, and soap-making.

We took them through various methods of treating drinking water. They were also taken through how water contamination can be prevented at each point in the water chain.

The participants also brought some materials so that we could review soap-making with them. They provided water, a big basin, and a stirring rod. We provided the soap-making ingredients – enough to make 60 liters of soap.

Mixing soap

Everyone was interested in learning the whole process and they were patient until the final product was obtained. The group took turns stirring the liquid soap. The participants pointed out that the soap is high quality compared to what is currently on the market, and that the whole process is simple and easy to follow.

“The training was good and I have learned a lot,” said Mr. Muinde.

“I have learned about water treatment methods and this will help me to prevent waterborne diseases. The soap-making training will enable me to improve hygiene and sanitation at home since the soap is of good quality and affordable.”

Sand Dam

“This project is a big boost to the water challenges in our village,” said Mrs. Kavinya.

“It will bring water close to our homesteads, thus reducing the distances covered in search of the valuable commodity. We are happy to have completed the project and for seeing the work of our hands yielding fruits in getting water. We will use the available water resources to improve on our agriculture and also cleanliness standards at the household levels.”

The Process:

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand that were required for successful completion of the dam. They also provided unskilled labor to support our artisans. The collection of raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction. For a super large sand dam, materials collection could take up to four months.

Community members brought materials like stone and sand to the construction site while we brought cement, rebar, lumber, and heavy-duty tools.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established a firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and twisted bar are used to reinforce the mixture. Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold the sludge and rocks up above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

As soon as it rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

It could take up to three years of rain (because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. It is 31.3 meters long and 5 meters high and took 432 bags of cement to build.

Sand dam construction was undertaken simultaneously with the construction of a hand-dug well that will give community members a safe method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, a huge supply of water will be available for drinking from the adjacent hand-dug well.

To see that hand-dug well, click here.


The Water Project : 32-kenya18198-finished-sand-dam


01/31/2019: Kithumba Community Sand Dam Underway

Kithumba is an expansive community built over arid, sandy land. Many people have to walk miles just to find water!

A sand dam built on a nearby dry riverbed will capture tons of rainwater that will outlast the dry, rainless months of the year. Thanks to your generosity, water access will drastically improve for hundreds more people living in Kithumba.

Check out the project page to learn more about this community, the sand dam we’ll build, and the training that the community will attend. We look forward to reaching out soon with news of success!


The Water Project : kenya18198-carrying-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.


Giving Update: Kithumba Community Sand Dam

October, 2019

A year ago, your generous donation helped Kithumba Community in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Justine Kanini. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Kithumba Community B.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kithumba Community B maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

Give Monthly

Kithumba Community is a changing area thanks to the sand dam and hand-dug shallow well system that was constructed in the locality a year ago. Access to clean drinking water has resulted in better living standards for this group of people.

“In the past year, we have experienced great changes in this area. Our environment has improved, it is greener and cooler,” said Simon Kituku, a 68-year-old who lives near the well and dam.

“Livestock now have food and they drink water nearer [to home], compared to how far they used to walk before. We feel very safe health-wise, economically, and socially because of the availability of safe water.”

Nowadays, community members have easy access to clean drinking water at any time of the day. The water quality and water quantity have increased in the past year.

“Availability of water in this region is a very precious blessing to us. We used to walk for close to 3 kilometers to fetch water at a nearby stream which would be completely dry, forcing us to walk further. We were in a very desperate situation before this project,” explained Justine Kanini.

“This project is the best gift to us in this community.”

The environment of this area has improved drastically as it is greener and more fertile. Group members have used water from their project to farm vegetables which contribute to their lives positively in both their nutrition and ability to be sold for income. The availability of water along the river bed has made their lives easier since it is easily accessible to a large population.

Disease rates have reduced as a result of the water and the lessons on and adoption of hygiene practices such as handwashing, water treatment, and improved personal hygiene have taken hold of the community. Good health has dominated the lifestyles of people here.


Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kithumba Community B maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Kithumba Community B – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise!

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Contributors

Project Sponsor - WebFX