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The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Celebrating The Completed Well
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Pointing At The Well
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Smiles For Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Breaking Up Small Rocks
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Construction Site
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Cement
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Carrying Cement Bag
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Hauling Rocks
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Hauling Wood
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Lifting Cement Bag
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Lining The Well
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  View Of Drying Well Cement And Dam
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Well Construction
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Well Nears Completion
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Well Progress
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Well Trench
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  All Smiles For Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  All The Training Attendees
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Arthur Kyalo
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  People Laugh During The Training
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Pouring Soap
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Shg Members Pose With Their New Liquid Soap
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Soap Mixing
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Training Discussion
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Training Discussions
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Training Facilitator
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Training Materials
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Training Participants
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Chickens
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Compound
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Cooking
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Home Under Construction
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Kyalo Ndeto
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Latrine
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Preparing For The Well
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Returning Home With Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Samuel Muendo
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Scooping Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Self Help Group Members
The Water Project: Mukuku Community A -  Carrying Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Dug Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



The more than 1300 people in Mukuku Community depends on open river scoop holes found along Thwake river to meet their daily water needs.

Available water is from open river scoop holes which have exposed the community members to potential health dangers such as diseases contractions. They are open water sources which are shared by human beings, livestock and wild animals.

“Our community suffers from a lack of reliable clean water source, we are always forced to fetch water from insecure sources which expose us to potential health risks because the water is open to many possible contaminants,” said Kyalo Ndeto.

Community members are always required to cover relatively long distances to and from the water source which makes the hunt for water a tedious affair for women and children who are naturally involved in the activity. Further, queues at the channel and the long waiting time devastates those involved in the process.

“It takes more time thus depriving people of valuable time which could be utilized in development-oriented activities,” said Mr. Ndeto.

Mukuku community is found on a silent rural setting with a relatively flat terrain which favors motorcycle transport and use of bicycles as a means of transport. The area is characterized by low vegetation cover made of predominantly indigenous tree species which are naturally growing at the locality.

The majority of the people living in this area practice small scale agriculture for family upkeep and sale of surplus. Locals grow maize, peas, green grams and are recently involved in the growing of fruit trees such as mangoes and oranges. Their close proximity to Thwake rive has led to a good number of community members engaging in irrigation farming at times of the year when water is available.

What we can do:

Our main entry point is the Mukuku Self-Help Group, which is comprised of 69 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Hand-Dug Well

This particular hand-dug well is being built adjacent to this group’s ongoing sand dam project (click here to see), which will supply clean drinking water once it rains. We have supplied the group with the tools needed for excavation. With the guidance of our artisans and mechanics, the excavated well will be cased, sealed with a well pad, and then finished with a new AfriDev pump.

Excavation takes a month or more on average, depending on the nature of the rock beneath. Construction of the well lining and installation of the pump takes 12 days maximum. The well will be lined with a concrete wall including perforations so that once it rains, water will filter in from the sand dam.

This well will be located in Mukuku Village, and will bring clean water closer to families having to walk long distances for their water.

Training

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with Mukuku self-help group, which are also open to non-members. These will teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish in the community at the personal and household levels. Taking good care of self and environment will make for a healthy community.

The majority of community members have latrines, a kitchen and clotheslines which presents a good gesture for a new community group. Improvements are needed in areas such as the regular cleaning of the latrines, implementation of handwashing facilities, and digging of garbage pits within the homesteads.

In relation to this, the community needs improvement on compound hygiene, effective water treatment methods, handwashing training, soap making lessons and knowledge of disease transmission routes. The members of this group seem to have little knowledge on hygiene and sanitation. This also exposes them to risks of contracting diseases such as cholera, typhoid, diarrhea and stomachaches.

Project Updates


01/03/2020: Mukuku Community Hand-Dug Well Complete

Mukuku Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A hand-dug well was constructed adjacent to a sand dam (go here to check it out). The dam was constructed on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Recent rains have helped the dam begin to build up sand and store water.

It could take up to 3 years of rain (because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, a supply of water will be available for drinking from the well. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

Hand-Dug Well

Construction for this well was a success!

We worked with the Mukuku Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor to complete the project.

“We are very grateful for the implementation of this project in our community. Life will be easier and the community members will really develop and grow,” said Arthur Kyalo, a farmer and member of the self-help group.

“This sand dam and well project will harvest gallons of water which will be beneficial to the entire community.”

The group members were trained on various skills such as bookkeeping, financial management, project management, group dynamics, and governance. We also conducted a hygiene and sanitation training to teach skills like soapmaking and to help improve behaviors such as handwashing.

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them.

Hand-Dug Well Construction Process

We delivered the experts, materials, and tools, but the community helped get an extraordinary amount of work done too. They collected local materials to supplement the project, including sand, stones, and water.

A hole 7 feet in diameter is excavated up to a recommended depth of 25 feet. (Most hand-dug wells do not reach that depth due to the existence of hard rocks between 10-18 feet.).

The diameter shrinks to 5 feet when construction of the hand-dug well lining is completed. This lining is made of brick and mortar with perforations to allow for water to seep through. Sand builds up around the well walls, which will naturally filter the rainwater that is stored behind the dam.

Once the construction of the lining reaches ground level, a precast concrete slab is laid on top and joined to the wall using mortar. 4 bolts for the hand-pump are fixed on the slab during casting. The concrete needs to dry for 2 weeks before the pump is installed.

The mechanics arrive to install the pump as community members watch, learning how to manage simple maintenance tasks for themselves.

The well is then given another few days after installing the pump to allow the joints to completely dry. The pump was installed level with the top of the sand dam. As the dam matures, sand will build-up to the top of the wall. Until then, people will climb the concrete steps to get their water.

New Knowledge

The trainer conferred with the field staff about their previous visits to households and interviews with community members to determine which topics the community still could improve upon.

They decided to train on topics including health problems in the community; good and bad hygiene behaviors; how diseases spread and their prevention; choosing sanitation improvements; choosing improved hygiene behaviors; planning for behavioral change; handwashing; and soapmaking.

The training was held at Musee Ngumbi’s homestead, who is a member of the group. The weather was sunny throughout the training. The venue had several trees that provided adequate shade for all of the participants. It was a peaceful and quiet environment that was conducive to learning.

The level of participation was “impressive and admirable,” said our staff when it was complete. The attendees were very active throughout the training sessions. They readily volunteered to participate in training activities. Additionally, they expressed immense interest in the topics of discussion as evidenced by the questions they asked and their general willingness to learn.

“The training was very good and involving. We have gained a lot of knowledge within the 3 days,” said Mr. Kyalo, after the training was complete.

Soapmaking

“The training has increased our knowledge on how to prevent diseases and from today we will live a healthy lifestyle. Our minds have been opened and we will be a source of light to our community.”

Handwashing demonstration

Tippy tap construction was a particularly interesting topic for the group. Tippy taps are hands-free handwashing stations that can be constructed quickly and easily with just a few common household objects. By using a small plastic container, the members were very happy to learn how to construct a tippy tap and promised to construct them in their homesteads. They all discovered that it was an easy method to prevent diseases. They took turns washing their hands following the procedure that they learned. This made the topic interesting.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya19217-water-2


11/26/2019: Mukuku Community hand-dug well underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Mukuku Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya19217-scooping-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Dug Well and Hand Pump

Hand-dug wells are best suited for clay, sand, gravel and mixed soil ground formations. A large diameter well is dug by hand, and then lined with either bricks or concrete to prevent contamination and collapse of the well. Once a water table is hit, the well is capped and a hand-pump is installed – creating a complete and enclosed water system.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - Zion Evangelical Lutheran Harvest of Hands Committee