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The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Celebrating The Completed Dam
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Complete Sand Dam
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Five
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Five
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Five
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Five
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Five
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Five
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Four
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Four
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Four
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Four
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Four
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Four
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Four
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Four
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase One
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase One
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase One
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase One
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Six
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Six
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Six
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Six
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Six
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Three
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Three
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Three
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Three
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Three
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Two
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Two
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Two
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Two
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Two
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Two
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dam Construction Phase Two
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Hauling Lumber
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Lifting Cement Bag
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Mixing Cement
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Shg Members Celebrate On Their New Dam
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Shg Members Stand On Sand Dam
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Trenching
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Women Break Down Rocks For Dam Construction
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  All Smiles For Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  All The Training Attendees
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Arthur Kyalo
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  People Laugh During The Training
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Pouring Soap
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Shg Members Pose With Their New Liquid Soap
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Soap Mixing
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Training Discussion
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Training Discussions
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Training Facilitator
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Training Materials
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Training Participants
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  At The Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Carrying Water Home
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Chickens
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Collcting Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Compound
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Cook Stove
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Dish Drying Rack And Chicken Coop
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Family At Home
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Hoisting Water
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Kyalo Ndeto
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Maize Drying
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Preparing For Sand Dam
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Returning Home With Water Jug
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Self Help Group Members
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  The Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Ruth Kiluva
The Water Project: Mukuku Community -  Water Storage Container

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Feb 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



The more than 1,300 people in Mukuku Community depend on open river scoop holes found along Thwake River to meet their daily water needs.

Available water is from open river scoop holes which expose the community members to potential health dangers. Since these sources are left open, livestock and other wild animals come to sate their thirst as well.

“Our community suffers from a lack of a reliable clean water source. We are always forced to fetch water from insecure sources which expose us to potential health risks because the water is open to many possible contaminants,” said Kyalo Ndeto.

Many community members are required to cover long distances to and from the water source, which makes the hunt for water a tedious affair for women and children who are the ones naturally involved in the activity. Further, queues at the river channel and the long waiting time devastates those involved in the process.

“It takes more time – thus depriving people of valuable time which could be utilized in development-oriented activities,” said Mr. Ndeto.

Mukuku Community is found in a silent rural setting with a relatively flat terrain which favors motorcycle transport and use of bicycles. The area is characterized by a low vegetation cover made up of indigenous tree species.

The majority of the people living in this area practice small-scale agriculture for family upkeep and sale of surplus. Locals grow maize, peas, and green grams, and have recently started growing fruit trees such as mangoes and oranges. Their close proximity to Thwake River has led to a good number of community members engaging in irrigation farming at times of the year when water is available there.

What we can do:

Our main entry point is the Mukuku Self-Help Group, which is comprised of 69 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Sand Dam

After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 55 meters long and 5.2 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to hundreds of people in Mukuku, Kenya.

Training

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with Mukuku Self-Help Group, which are also open to non-members. These will teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish in the community at the personal and household levels. Taking good care of self and environment will make for a healthy community.

The majority of community members have latrines, a kitchen and clotheslines which presents a good gesture for a new community group. Improvements are needed in areas such as the regular cleaning of the latrines, implementation of handwashing facilities, and digging of garbage pits within the homesteads.

In relation to this, the community needs improvement on compound hygiene, effective water treatment methods, handwashing training, soap making lessons and knowledge of disease transmission routes. The members of this group seem to have little knowledge on hygiene and sanitation. This also exposes them to risks of contracting diseases such as cholera, typhoid, diarrhea and stomachaches.

Project Updates


02/14/2020: Mukuku Community sand dam complete!

Mukuku, Kenya now has access to a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new sand dam was constructed on a sandy riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water.

We worked with the Mukuku Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor to complete the project. In addition, they were trained on various skills such as bookkeeping, financial management, project management, group dynamics, and governance. We also conducted a hygiene and sanitation training to teach skills like soapmaking and to help improve behaviors such as handwashing.

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them.

Sand Dam

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand that were required for the successful completion of the dam. They also provided labor to support our artisans. The collection of the raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction. For a large sand dam, materials collection could take up to 4 months.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and rebar are used to reinforce the mixture.

Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold up the sludge and rocks above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

The dam measures 55 meters long and 5.2 meters high and took 2000 bags of cement to build.

Sand dam construction was simultaneous to the construction of a hand-dug well, which gives locals a safer method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more water, more of it will be accessible as drinking water from the well. To see that hand-dug well, click here.

As soon as it rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile. However, it could take up to 3 years of rain for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity.

New Knowledge

The trainer conferred with the field staff about their previous visits to households and interviews with community members to determine which topics the community still could improve upon.

They decided to train on topics including health problems in the community; good and bad hygiene behaviors; how diseases spread and their prevention; choosing sanitation improvements; choosing improved hygiene behaviors; planning for behavioral change; handwashing; and soapmaking.

The training was held at Musee Ngumbi’s homestead, who is a member of the group. The weather was sunny throughout the training. The venue had several trees that provided adequate shade for all of the participants. It was a peaceful and quiet environment that was conducive to learning.

The level of participation was “impressive and admirable,” said our staff when it was complete. The attendees were very active throughout the training sessions. They readily volunteered to participate in training activities. Additionally, they expressed immense interest in the topics of discussion as evidenced by the questions they asked and their general willingness to learn.

“The training was very good and involving. We have gained a lot of knowledge within the 3 days,” said Mr. Kyalo, after the training was complete.

Soapmaking

“The training has increased our knowledge on how to prevent diseases and from today we will live a healthy lifestyle. Our minds have been opened and we will be a source of light to our community.”

Handwashing demonstration

Tippy tap construction was a particularly interesting topic for the group. Tippy taps are hands-free handwashing stations that can be constructed quickly and easily with just a few common household objects. By using a small plastic container, the members were very happy to learn how to construct a tippy tap and promised to construct them in their homesteads. They all discovered that it was an easy method to prevent diseases. They took turns washing their hands following the procedure that they learned. This made the topic interesting.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya19192-shg-members-celebrate-on-their-new-dam


12/23/2019: Mukuku Community sand dam underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Mukuku Community, Kenya drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know the community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya19192-at-the-scoop-hole


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.


Contributors

Alka Pool
The Hermosillo Family
Calder Road Elem. - Mrs. V's Class
Mitch Brownlie, Queensland, Australia
13 individual donor(s)