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The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Smiles For Safe Water
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Celebrating Water
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Girls Celebrating Their Latrine
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Headteacher Evans M Enjoys Water
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Headteacher Evans Mmera
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  New Borehole With Clean Water
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Students At The Water Point
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Students Celebrating Clean Water
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Students Celebrating Clean Water
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Students Celebrating Clean Water
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Training In Section
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Tooth Brushing Demonstration
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Tooth Brushing Demonstration
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Teacher Shango Wafula
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Students Ways Of Greeting
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Student Naomy B
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Students At Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Participants At Training
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Practice Handwashing Steps
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Proper Masking Demonstration
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Proper Masking Demonstration
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Participants At Training
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Demonstrating Handwashing Steps
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Demonstrating Handwashing
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Demonstrating Handwashing
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Introductions At
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Wiremesh Reinforcement
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Latrine Brick Works
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Latrine Door Fixing
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Latrine Plastering
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Pad Measuring
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Preparation For Pad Construction
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Pump Stand Placement
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Pad Concrete Works
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Apron Placement
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Pad Brick Works
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Plaster Works
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Drainage Construction
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Setting The Floor
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Site Clearance
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Installing Safety Rope
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Pump Instalation
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Pipe Joining
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Static Water Level Measuring
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Placement Of Surface Casing
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Rock Samples
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Drilling
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Removing The Metal Casing
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Casing The Borehole
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Flashing
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Graveling
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Placement Of Drilling Rod
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Greasing The Rods
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Ground Breaking
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Beginning To Drill
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Hammer Fixing
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Rig Positioning
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  A Student Using His Hands To Help Fill The Container
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Fetching Water From The Stream
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Students At The Stream
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  The Site Where The Students Get Water
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  The Lifestraw Containers Outside The Classroom
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Taking Water To The Kitchen
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Pouring Water Into Pots
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Going Back To School With Water
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Filling The Lifestraw Containers
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Arriving At School With Water
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  On The Way To The Stream
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Heading Out To The Waterpoint To Get Water
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Shadrack
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Teachers In The Staffroom
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Boys Rushing To Their Latrines
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Boys Latrines
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Children On The Playground
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Cookstove Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Dishrack In Front Of Kitchen
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Entrance To Muriola Primary School
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Firewood For Cooking
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Girls Rushing To Their Latrines
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Headteacher Evans Mmera
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Madam Clendah Leading A Class
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  School Chef Mary In Front Of The Kitchen
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  School Grounds
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Schools Layout
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Signpost To Muriola Primary School
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Storage Of Utensils In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Muriola Primary School -  Teacher Samwel Shango

Project Status



Project Type:  Borehole Well and Hand Pump

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 682 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jun 2021

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Lunyu village, which sits at the foot of the Muriola hills in Kakamega County, is a very quiet place. Even with its high population and fast-growing primary school, the place feels peaceful to be in and not at all crowded. Cold with a very large amount of green cover, the village is well vegetated and smells fresh. Sitting close to the edge of the village is Muriola Primary School, serving 665 students and 17 teachers and staff.

Muriola Primary began in 2009 as just a nursery school with about 49 students. The community, with the support of the Seventh Day Adventist church, established the school to put a stop to the threat that the many local streams posed to their children as pupils had to cross the streams to reach other primary schools farther away from home. This was because whenever it rained, the streams would flood, making the walk to school treacherous for the children. The flooded riverbanks often left students stranded for long hours on either side of the rivers, and incidents of pupils drowning were not unheard of.

Today, the streams in the village pose a different threat to students at Muriola Primary School: waterborne diseases. There is no water on school grounds, so every day beginning at 7:00 am when students arrive, they are responsible for collecting water for all of the school’s drinking, cooking, and cleaning needs.

Teachers accompany the students to the stream throughout the day. Water fetched in the morning only lasts for three or four hours, at which time teachers select another group of students to go out and fetch more water. School days at Muriola Primary are characterized by frequent interruptions to class time, costing students in their energy and focus and resulting in poor academic performance.

The stream where the school gets its water is a seasonal waterpoint which has been their only water source since the school’s establishment. Being surface water, the stream water is extremely unsafe for human consumption. Upstream of the school, community members let their livestock drink while standing and defecating inside the water, people wash clothes, bathe, and even urinate and defecate in the water. The school has a few filters, but not all of the drinking water makes it through them before students consume it.

“Not having water within the school is bad. To ensure that the water we get into the school is as clean as possible, we have to accompany the students to the stream for supervision. This, at times, eats into our teaching hours which has caused significant loss in terms of syllabus coverage and performance. The water, too, is almost always a gamble. You might be very strict in overseeing the students but still get an illness from the water,” explained teacher Samwel Shango.

The specific place the school allows students to fetch water is next to a rocky culvert in the road, selected for its calmer and shallower waters – though it is also nearly stagnant at times. The water gets a fishy smell during the rainy season each year as it is a perfect breeding place for aquatic life. The culvert also helps students reach the water when the stream floods.

“I have seen my colleagues do things in their containers and later use them to ferry the water back to school for the purpose of drinking. Some of them have been spotted, but others, not yet. But this forces my siblings and me to only drink water at home. Initially, it would cause us to diarrhea violently and cause embarrassment to us,” shared student Shadrack.

Students frequently report cases of diarrhea, stomach upsets, and malaria as a result of going to the stream and drinking its water at school. Though the school tries to boil water when it can, firewood is expensive, and it takes a long time to boil enough water for everyone to drink. As a result, typhoid cases still pop up among the students.

The time lost to the multiple daily trips to the stream compounds the time students lose to being sick from the stream water. Students’ water-related illnesses drain their families of their financial resources as they seek medical treatment. As a school that could perform better compared to other schools at their level, the school’s severe clean water crisis is holding its students back from reaching their full potential as learners.

What We Can Do:

New Well

We conducted a hydrogeological survey at this school and the results indicated the water table beneath it is an ideal candidate for a borehole well. Due to a borehole well’s unique ability to tap into a safe, year-round water column, it will be poised to serve all of the water needs for this school’s large population, even through the dry months.

The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, rocks, and water for mixing cement. They will also provide housing and meals for the work team, in addition to providing local laborers. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans and drilling professionals, tools, hardware, and the hand-pump. Once finished, water from the well will then be used by the school’s students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

We and the school strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and will help unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Handwashing Stations

The student health club will oversee the two new handwashing stations we will provide, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrine blocks will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls and three doors will serve the boys. All of these new latrines will have cement floors that are designed to be easy to use and to clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

We will hold a one-day intensive training session with students, teachers, and parents. This training will cover a wide range of topics including COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention; personal and environmental hygiene; and the operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations. There will be a special emphasis on handwashing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, and asset-based community development. We will initiate a student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and at home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions, and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good hygiene practices within the school including handwashing and water treatment. We will then conduct a series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Project Updates


06/28/2021: Muriola Primary School Well Project Complete!

We are excited to share that Muriola Primary School in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to completing their new borehole well! Students and staff are already using the well’s flowing water, which will provide them with a reliable water source for all of their daily needs.

We installed new latrines and handwashing stations for students, and we trained the school on improved sanitation and hygiene practices, including COVID-19 prevention. These components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

I've been carrying drinking water from home, but now, I am sure to drink safe water with the borehole. Also, we will no longer go to the stream to fetch water again. It will help me save time for my personal studies, which will make me improve on my class performance," said Naomy, a teenage student.


Teachers were just as excited as the students about the new well on campus.

"First, I am grateful that this water point will minimize time wasted for pupils. They used to go downstream to fetch water. We will now be able to use the time wasted to improve the school's academic performance and improve our environmental hygiene. Secondly, we are now sure of the quality and reliability of the water we are drinking. Before, this was a big challenge," said Evans Mmera.

How We Got the Water Flowing

Parents, staff, and students all played a part in this well’s success. After determining the best site for the well through a hydrogeological survey, we obtained approval and a license through the government to begin drilling the new well.

To prepare for the project, the school helped collect fine sand and water for our artisans to make cement. When everything was ready and the students went home for school holidays (drilling is a very loud process!), our drill team and staff arrived at the school to begin work.

The drilling process can take up to three consecutive days to complete due to this region’s hard bedrock, so when the drill team arrived, they set up a small camp where they could rest and refuel in shifts near the drill rig. The school’s kitchen staff and a few parents helped provide meals for the team, while the school provided a safe place for the artisans’ accommodations and materials. People of all ages came to watch the well’s progress throughout each day.

Drilling commenced with excitement in the air. As the rig progressed, the team drove down a temporary casing to keep the walls from collapsing. We continued drilling to reach a final depth of 90 meters with a final static water level of 26 meters.

The team replaced the temporary casing with a permanent version and then moved to bail out the dirty water at the bottom of the well created in the drilling process. They installed the pipes and flushed them, tested the well’s yield, and chlorinated the water.

Following chlorination, we constructed a cement well pad to seal off the well from any ground-level contaminants. The pad includes tiles beneath the drawing area to help protect the cement from the erosive force of the water and a short drainage channel to carry spilled water away from the pump, preventing standing water at the access point. At the end of the drainage channel, we also dug a soak pit that helps absorb the runoff into the ground, eliminating stagnant water.

When the well pad was dry, we installed a new stainless steel AfriDev handpump and took a water quality test to send to a government lab. The results came back, announcing that this water is safe for drinking!

When the students and teachers arrived back at school, their enthusiasm for this much-anticipated project was overwhelming. We officially handed over the new borehole to the school directly following the student health club training.

Students and staff celebrated the presence of clean water on campus. The event was an excellent chance for us to acknowledge the school administration and students as the primary parties entrusted with the tools we have given and remind them of our continued support as they develop. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

Mr. Mmera, the headteacher, was overjoyed by the project, which he said has changed the face of the school. He continued by thanking us for remembering their school and promised to take good care of the project. Later the school chaplain dedicated the project.

VIP Latrines

This project funded six new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines, three for the girls and three for the boys. These new latrines have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean, locking doors for safety and privacy, and vents designed to keep air flowing up and out through the roof. With a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Handwashing Stations

The two handwashing stations were set up during training and handed over to the student health club. These were placed outside of the girls’ and boys’ latrines to encourage handwashing after latrine use. Health club members will teach other students how to wash their hands at the stations properly, make sure the stations are filled with water, and ensure that there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash available.

New Knowledge

We scheduled hygiene and sanitation training with the school’s staff, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for pupils and teachers. When the training day arrived, facilitators Stella Inganji and Wilson Kipchoge deployed to the site to lead the event. Seventeen students and teachers attended the training, which we held.

We focused on COVID-19 prevention, transmission, and symptoms while also covering several other topics. These included personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, and the ten steps of handwashing; environmental hygiene; child rights; operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations; and leadership and governance. During the latter, the students elected their peers to lead their newly formed student health club.

The club will be significantly involved in the water, sanitation, and hygiene project management at school. It will encourage good health and hygiene practices amongst its peers, teachers, and the larger community. We involved stretches, dances, and physical activities between each topic to keep the pupils’ energy up and their minds active. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

"The training has come at the right time when we need to keep healthy, especially this COVID-19 time. We have been doing these things, but with no seriousness, so from today, things are going to change," said Naomy.

"The training will help so much. I have learned how to wash hands properly, and I will also show my classmates," said Dennis.

We asked Dennis what it was like to be at home for most of the last year due to Kenya's national coronavirus-related school closures and what it has been like coming back to school.

"I was so worried I'd lose my loved ones. But I thank God we are all ok and praying this disease ends to be free again. I missed my teachers, education, and playing with school friends. At school, we used to have morning review time, but at home, it was difficult, so I missed that a lot. Now that I am back in school, we can continue with our normal school program, and I will be able to complete my primary level education come next March."

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them. Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya21247-smiles-for-safe-water-2


05/17/2021: Muriola Primary School Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Muriola Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya21247-fetching-water-from-the-stream


Project Photos


Project Type

Borehole and Hand Pump

Girls and women walk long distances for water when safe water is very often right under their feet! Underground rivers, called aquifers, often contain a constant supply of safe water – but you have to get to it. No matter what machine or piece of equipment is used, all drilling is aiming for a borehole that reaches into an aquifer. If the aquifer has water - and after the well is developed - we are able to pull water to the surface utilizing a hand-pump. If all goes as planned, the community is left with a safe, closed water source providing around 5 gallons of water a minute through a hand-pump.


Contributors

Facebook Donations
Ossian Lutheran J.A.M/V.B.S
The Ossian Lutheran Church
Washakie County School District No.1
Jade Industries
CNA Employee Match
Salesforce Employee Match
Bulkin Charitable Fund
Salesforce Employee Matching Gift
Bank of America Charitable Foundation Matching Gift
Cardinal Health Employee Match
Taylor Elementary's Fourth Grade Campaign for Water
West Essex Campaign for Water
LIFT - A Campaign for Water
Mikiko's Campaign for Water

And 1 other fundraising page(s)
103 individual donor(s)