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The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Monica Odiwour
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Ogenga Rita Amondi
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  New Latrines
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Ctc Project
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Esther Kageha At The New Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Tank Construction
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Working On The Latrine Door
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Construction
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Latrine Construction
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Tank Training
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Tank Training
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Tank Training
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Tank Training
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Tank Training
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Training
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Training
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Training
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Garbage Site
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Latrines
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  School Landscape
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Plastic Tank
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Odera Spring
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Students Studying
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  School Grounds
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Chairlady Joan Amani
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Principal Fredrick Omondi
The Water Project: Lihanda Secondary School -  Office Block

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 213 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - May 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 07/20/2018

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

A day at Lihanda Secondary School goes from 8am to 4pm. Administrators attend to daily management issues, as the groundsmen liaise with the cooks to check if there is water in the kitchen. If the answer is “no,” he will inform the administration about it. Administration officials then make the decision to either buy water or send students out to Odera Spring.

The school has several large boulders on its ground which are sometimes broken down and used for construction projects. There are also two fish ponds stocked with tilapia which are sold when fully grown.

A total of 197 students attend the school, of which 101 are boys and 96 are girls. The school employs 10 teachers and six support staff.

Water

Most of the water used at Lihanda Secondary School comes from Odera Spring, which is unprotected and open to contamination. Though it’s fit with a discharge pipe, the area behind it is aboveground and gets all sorts of dirt, garbage, and feces washed in – especially when it rains. Odera Spring is the nearest, most popular water source. It is often used, regardless of whether the school sends it students out for water or hires people to ferry it. All the water fetched here is either kept in the same containers or poured into a larger plastic tank.

Students told us that they encounter more than dirty water at Odera Spring, but they have the most trouble with the community. They say that fights break out because the community members see it as their water source and believe the students don’t have a right to use it whenever they want.

The school drains its accounts, students waste class time, and the health of all suffers because of this situation.

Joan Amani has been on the school board for a while, witnessing what a clean water shortage does to these students. She says that there hasn’t been a “case of disease on a large scale to raise an alarm, but we are quite predisposed because of the water shortages affecting the community.”

“Buying water from unknown sources has also compounded this problem more, especially during the dry season,” she continues. “Students register increased cases of diarrhea and other stomach issues during such times.”

Sanitation

There are six pit latrines, but they are almost full. Though the pits desperately need to be cleared, the school is doing their best to keep the floors clean. There one handwashing station but it doesn’t have any soap.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school.

Handwashing Stations

The CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as handwashing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two handwashing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls while the other three serve the boys. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff. Students will no longer be responsible to find enough water to carry to school every day, nor leave class again to find more.

We and the school strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. With clean water and high standards of cleanliness, students’ good health will give them the chance to earn better grades and live a better life.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


05/21/2018: Lihanda Mixed Secondary School Project Complete

Lihanda Mixed Secondary School in Kenya now has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your support: A new rainwater catchment system has been built. Handwashing stations were installed, and students and staff have received training in sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training plans were made through constant communication between the trainers and the school administration. We worked to find the most appropriate time for students, staff, and parent representatives. Upon agreement, the school principal was guided to recruit a few student leaders, teachers, the school cook, a security officer, and a parent representative. We had a total of 17 participants who met with us in the school laboratory.

A number of topics were covered, including personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, and handwashing with soap as a barrier from germs; operation and maintenance of the new facilities, with each person understanding their role for long-lasting clean water and good health. The new child to child (CTC) health club will be greatly involved in project management and will be responsible for encouraging good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community. The CTC club is also excited about their agriculture project on school grounds. They’ll have the water they need to irrigate crops when it doesn’t rain.

The attendees were excited to learn about oral hygiene the most. Students sought to know why tooth decay had become so common despite the uptake of the teeth-brushing message, and why sometimes one wakes up with a smelly mouth even after brushing the previous night! Many students had been brushing their teeth wrong, using the wrong toothbrushes, or using expired toothpaste.

“I have been so ignorant about key issues pertaining to good oral health practices. The training was not only an eye-opener but has also contributed to helping me and my family to live healthily with respect to dental hygiene,” 18-year-old student Ogenga Amondi told us.

“I will take it upon myself to help my peers unlearn the misconceived myths on ‘why people must lose their teeth, yet it is all about poor oral health that is ravaging our community due to utmost ignorance.”

Ogenga Amondi at her new latrines.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines. All of these latrines are easy to use and clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time.

Handwashing Stations

The two handwashing stations were delivered to the school and handed over to the CTC club. These were placed outside of the boys’ and girls’ latrines to encourage handwashing after latrine use. CTC club members teach other students how to properly wash their hands at the stations, and make sure there is always soap or ash available. Now the school has the stations they need, and they have the water to fill them.

Esther using one of the new handwashing stations.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction for this 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank was successful!

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. All the while, women cooked meals for the artisans, and the school provided accommodations for the artisans during their work. Local men and women helped our artisans with their manual labor, too.

The process officially began with our staff and school administration looking around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rainwater catchment tank. This needed to be the best site with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Then, we cleared the site: excavating the soil within the required measurements to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying hardcore on a level ground and then reinforcing it using steel, concrete and waterproof cement. The rocky ground at this school made this the toughest part of the project. Workers had to take hammers to the rocks to make level ground for the tank.

Both the drawing pipe as well as the washout pipe were affixed as the foundation was lain. The wall was built with ferro-cement techniques through six layers. The inner wall was plastered while rough casting was done on the outer part. Finally, the catchment area was dug, plastered, and a staircase installed.

Dome construction could begin after the superstructure had been given enough time to settle. The manhole cover was fitted, inlet pipes were connected to the roof gutters, inlet screens, ventilation pipes (breathers) and overflow pipes were all done to standards.

Once finished, the tank was given three to four weeks to undergo complete curing before it was cleaned and handed over to Lihanda Mixed Secondary School, though we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program.

Students make way for their school cook so she can get clean water for their lunch!

Monicah Odiwour didn’t pause to celebrate but continued with her hard work to prepare school lunch. The students made room for her to fill her container with clean water from the tap.

As water flowed, she told us “This tank will be very handy in making my work easier and more efficient. We need a lot of water in the kitchen to clean, wash food and utensils, and to cook.”

“When we lacked water, hygiene was highly compromised and food preparation was hard and lunch was often late. Even when the school used to buy water, it was of poor quality and very turbid. Students’ food looked very funny when we used the colored water. But the tank next to our kitchen is so much better. We look forward to upping our game!”


The Water Project : 22-kenya18022-clean-water


04/25/2018: Lihanda Secondary School Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage at Lihanda Secondary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 4-kenya18022-school-grounds


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.



Contributors

1 individual donor(s)