Project Status

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 453 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Nov 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 06/05/2024

Project Features

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Kapsotik Primary School is located in Vihiga County, Kenya. The school was started and is sponsored by a local church, and currently has a population of 433 students. They are taught by 13 teachers and supported by two non-teaching staff. The school faces quite a number of challenges as listed by Miss Winnie Odemo.

''First, we have three classrooms which are not being used as their floors are totally worn out. We have a challenge with the boys toilets, currently we have only two functional toilets which does raise an alarm," she said.

"Most importantly, water is scarce in the school. Our students do spend much of their learning time going to fetch water which does affect their performance negatively in the long run.''


There is no water at school. Instead, students balance their books with a container full of water on the long walk to school every day. While one container might meet drinking needs, it doesn't help the school with cleaning chores. To clean latrines and classrooms, students have to go back out into the community to find water.

The most popular location is a hand-dug well, but the community members claim the water belongs to them, and they take precedence in line. There are seasons when there hasn't been much rain, and the water in the well dries up completely. It was one of these seasons during our first visit, and we followed the students around as they sought an alternative.

Any of these alternatives are open, polluted sources. Students found a pool of water between a cluster of rocks, and they told us that it wasn't the first time they had to draw water from there. Wherever these students end up, they're wasting valuable time that could have been spent in the classroom.


There are only two latrines set aside for the 234 boys, but they're in pathetic condition. Four others are for the girls, while two are for staff. There are LifeStraw containers around the classrooms that are often used for handwashing.

Here's what we're going to do about it:


Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school.

Handwashing Stations

This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as handwashing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two handwashing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff.

We and the school strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. These higher standards will translate to better academic performance!

Project Updates

October, 2019: Giving Update: Kapsotik Primary School

A year ago, your generous donation helped Kapsotik Primary School in Kenya access clean water.

There’s an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water at Kapsotik Primary School. Month after month, their giving supports ongoing sustainability programs that help this school maintain access to safe, reliable water. Read more…

December, 2018: Kapsotik Primary School Project Complete

A new rainwater catchment system was built! Kapsotik Primary School in Kenya now has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your support. Handwashing stations were installed so that students can clean up after using their new latrines, and students and staff have received training in sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

We notified the school headmaster about the importance of hygiene and sanitation training. He helped us pick the right date, which ended up being during school holiday so as to not conflict with the regular academic schedule. Attendance was great, with students arriving on time and eager to learn. These student body representatives have formed a student-led health club that will share important health information with their peers. They even voted on the particular individuals they would like to lead the group.

The school needed to be equipped with knowledge on how to improve standards of hygiene and to also ensure that the sanitation facilities given to them are maintained to serve the school for years to come. Some of the topics covered include water pollution, personal and environmental hygiene, operations and maintenance of the facilities, group dynamics, and leadership and governance. The group activities equipped the student health club to promote hygiene and sanitation awareness at their school.

Students were most interested in the tooth brushing demonstration. From this training, we realized that the majority of students do not frequently brush. Students were surprised to learn that you’re not supposed to use a lot of toothpaste to brush. They always thought that the more toothpaste, the cleaner your teeth will be.

Handwashing is always a big highlight, too. The students learn both how to wash hands and when to do so. They are always so eager to demonstrate what they learn in front of their peers, so we gave them all a chance to use the handwashing station.

There are ten steps to thorough handwashing!

"This training has been timely to all of us as participants. A lot has been shared on hygiene and sanitation and we have been able to capture quite a lot," said PTA chair Medigola Mbole.

"I know from today, our mindset and attitude will change and whatever we have learned today we will disseminate to the rest of the members when the school opens."

Handwashing Stations

Pupils can now enjoy washing their hands with soap thanks to the two handwashing stations that were delivered to their school. These new handwashing opportunities will help reduce cases of hygiene-related illness. The training on hygiene has motivated these students to share what they’ve learned with their peers at school and families at home.

VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit latrines. All of these new latrines have cement floors that are easy to use and clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time.

Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction for this 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank was successful!

"Our school has faced a challenge in availability of water, and this has affected our performance as a school as most of the learning hours are spent by pupils fetching water from outside the school’s compound," remembered school board chairwoman Misheal Iravoga.

"Earlier, we have tried engaging the local government but it has never materialized. I know this facility is going to curb the situation and that our performance is going to improve."

The Process:

Our staff and the school administration started by looking around the school to determine the best location for their new rainwater catchment tank. This needed to be the best site with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater. Then, we cleared the site: excavating the soil within the required measurements to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying stones on a level ground and then reinforcing it using steel, concrete and waterproof cement.

Both the drawing pipe as well as the washout pipe were affixed as the foundation was lain. The wall was built with ferro-cement techniques through six layers. The inner wall was plastered while rough casting was done on the outer part.

The catchment area was dug, plastered, and a staircase installed so students can easily get water from the tap.

Digging the catchment area

Dome construction could begin after the superstructure had been given enough time to settle. The manhole cover was fitted, inlet pipes were connected to the roof gutters, inlet screens, ventilation pipes (breathers) and overflow pipes were all done to standard.

Once finished, the tank was given three weeks to undergo complete curing before it was cleaned and handed over to Kapsotik Primary School, though we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program.

Our staff curing the tank during a visit. Keeping the cement slightly moist as it hardens keeps it from cracking.

This new water source gives students a huge reason to return after holiday vacation eager, hopeful, and ready to learn.

September, 2018: Kapsotik Primary School Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage at Kapsotik Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

Project Photos

Project Type

For a rainwater collection system, we build gutters around a building with good, clean roofing to channel rain where we want it. From there, the water falls through a filtered inlet pipe into a high-capacity storage tank, the size of which is based on population and average rainfall patterns. In the tank, water can be stored for months, where it is easily treated and accessed. Learn more here!

Giving Update: Kapsotik Primary School

October, 2019

A year ago, your generous donation helped Kapsotik Primary School in Kenya access clean water – creating a life-changing moment for Sheila Iravoga. Thank you!

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Kapsotik Primary School.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kapsotik Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

While many know Kenya as a prized destination for international visitors, fewer know it is also a chronically water-scarce country. The ever-growing population is contributing to worsening conditions, but one school is changing its chapter of this story thanks to the installation of its WaSH project last year. Since then, Kapsotik Primary School has been enjoying improved access to clean and safe water directly from the school's compound.

Ever since the rain tank was installed at Kapsotik Primary School, pupils no longer carry water to school each day just to have something to drink.

The rain tank is energy-efficient for students and staff who no longer waste time or energy seeking water at school. It also saves them time, as we spotted pupils washing their hands and utensils and drinking water, all centrally located at the water point. The training we did with students has helped improve the health and environmental standards of the school community as well.

"As you all know, clean, safe water is essential for the satisfaction of life. The water and sanitation project in my school has meant all the positive difference and we are grateful," said Deputy Head Teacher Mr. Francis Imbuizi.

"The WaSH training has indeed brought a positive difference in our school. As an institution, we have come up with a program whereby regular training on water safety management and care are carried the [student health] club that was formed during the training and this is done on a weekly basis."

Deputy Head Teacher Mr. Francis Imbuizi in front of his school's rain tank

"The academic time has also been saved as students are able to access water directly from the school's compound. The construction of the facilities has influenced [the enrollment of] 40 additional pupils in the school and we are grateful. Water from the tank is now secure, treated, and very reliable."

"As you can see, we currently have plenty of water for drinking, cleaning, and washing...For a long time, the school had faced water scarcity and indeed it had suffered a lot. As you all know, the right to water is essential for the survival of persons and decisive for the future of humanity."

Sheila Iravoga is a 13-year-old student at Kapsotik Primary School who was full of joy the day Field Officer Samuel Simidi interviewed her along with Mr. Imbuizi.

"[I] am so thankful to our partners for taking up the challenge, and creating a real impact with this quick solution in my school. Indeed [I] am experiencing positive impacts," Sheila said.

"[I] am no longer carrying water to school as [I] am able [to] access water directly from the school's compound. I now access water that is safe for drinking as it is treated more frequently. I have been able to create sufficient time for my academics thanks to our partners. The latrines have helped curb the congestion that we used to experience at the facilities, especially during the break time."

Sheila at the rain tank's tap

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Kapsotik Primary School maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Kapsotik Primary School – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


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