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The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Splashing Water
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Purity Washing Her Hands
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Pupils Water Point
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Pupils At The Water Point
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Pupils Celebrating Water Point
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Pupil Washing His Face
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Pupil Quencing Her Thirst
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Celebrating At The Water Point
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Nick Using The Vip Facility
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Lower Primary Pupilsjpg
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Hand Washing
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Faith Quenches Her Thirst
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Clear Water In A Glass
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Great Smiles
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Boys Line Up At Vip Ltrines
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Word From The Sanitation Head
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Training Materials Distribution
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Session On Tank Maintenance
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Pupil Wearing A Mask
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Participants Practice Sneezing In Elbow
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Participants New Way Of Greeting
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Martha I
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Leaders Pose For A Photo
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Ishmail A
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Fidelis O
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Facilitator Teaching Pupils
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Facilitator Demonstrates Mask
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Facilitator Demonstrates Dental Hygiene
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Training
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Leaky Tin Tap For Handwashing
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Practice Ten Steps Of Handwashing
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Dental Hygiene Activity
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  The Vip Latrine
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Rain Water Harvesting Tank
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Inside Plastering Being Done
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Roofing
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Artsan Laying Roofing Frames
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Brick Work
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Foundation Setting
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Artsan Casting Foundation
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Gutter Placing
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Down Gutter Connection
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Constructing Fetching Area
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Outside Rough Cast
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Doom Jointing With Wall
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Artsan Casting The Doom
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Site Clearing
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Pupils Carrying Bricks
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Sack Placing On The Doom
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Floor Casting
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Artsan Casting The Smooth Floor
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Inside Plastering Third Coat
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Artsan Do Inside Plastering
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Inside Plastering First Coat
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Artsans Setting Pillars
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Artsans Do Inside Plastering
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Sugar Sack Placing
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Foundation Rock And Wire
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Artsans Setting The Foundation Slab
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Artsan Fit The Tap And Wash Out
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Artsan Fitting The Door
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Ouside Plaster Done
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Excavation Process
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Excavation Process
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Stream Water Source
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Fetching Water At The Stream
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Sarah Fetching Water At The Spring
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Headteacher Jackson Etemesi At The Spring
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Delivering Water To School Kitchen
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Delivering Water For Storage In School Kitchen
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Collecting Water From Home
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Collecting Water From Home
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Carrying Water From Home
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Carrying Water From Home
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Carrying Water From Home
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Carrying Water From Home
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Carrying Water From Home
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Carrying Water From Home
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Water Storage Drums
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Water Storage Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Boys At Their Latrines
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Classrooms
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Drying Utensils And Water Storage In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Garbage Pit
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Girls At The Latrines
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Headteacher Jackson Etemesi
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Latrine Blocks
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Outside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Sarah
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  School Gate
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  School Grounds
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Stove Inside The Kitchen
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Students In Class
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Students In The School Farm
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Students Playing
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Students Washing Hands
The Water Project: Itabalia Primary School -  Teachesr And Students Stand Under School Sign

Project Status



Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 422 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jul 2021

Functionality Status:  Water Flowing - Needs Attention

Last Checkup: 08/15/2021

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



“As a Headteacher, it’s my responsibility to make sure that the school has a reliable source of water. But the cost of building a tank is too expensive for the school. This COVID-19 pandemic has made the situation difficult for us since the handwashing stations should have water all the time. We try our best, but the water is depleted before the end of the day,” said Mr. Jackson Etemesi.

Headteacher Etemesi works at Itabalia Primary school, where there is no on-campus source of water for the 408 students and 14 teachers and staff. The school relies on students carrying water from many different sources several times to meet all of their drinking, cooking, and cleaning needs. Still, they are falling short in meeting their water needs.

Each morning, students start their day by carrying water from home to school. However, water brought from “home” cannot be trusted since some students fetch water from open pools of water and others draw water from open streams. Students’ jerrycans are also very dirty both inside and out, meaning that even a clean water source would be contaminated by the time it enters the container.

Once the water runs out at school, students are sent back out to fetch more during lunch and games time. Some return home or to the streams and puddles, while others head to a protected spring in the village. Again, even the spring’s safe water is put at risk by students’ dirty containers. And since the water is combined for use at school, even one dirty source means the entire school is at risk of water-related illnesses.

Cases of waterborne and water-related diseases, including typhoid and diarrhea, run rampant in the school. These illnesses keep students out of class while seeking medical treatment, draining their families of their financial resources. Students miss from being sick combined with the time lost to fetching water each morning and afternoon add up to mean a lot of missed syllabus coverage. Students’ academic performance is, therefore, lagging.

“We get infected by waterborne diseases due to consumption of contaminated water at school. We hope to get clean and safe water so that we can concentrate on classwork and improve the overall performance of the school,” said student Sarah.

What We Can Do:

Rain Tank

A 75,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will help collect the needed construction materials such as sand, bricks, rocks, and water for mixing cement. We will complement their materials by providing an expert team of artisans, tools, hardware, and the guttering system. Once finished, this tank will begin catching rainfall used by the school’s students and staff for drinking, handwashing, cooking, cleaning, and much more.

The school and we strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve standards at this school, which will help lead to better student academic performance and unlock the potential for these students to live better, healthier lives.

Handwashing Stations

The student health club will oversee the two new handwashing stations we will provide and ensure they are kept clean and in working condition. The club leaders will fill the handwashing stations with water daily and make sure they are always supplied with a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrine blocks will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls, and three doors will serve the boys. These new latrines will have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean. And with a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

We will hold a one-day intensive training session with students, teachers, and parents. This training will cover a wide range of topics, including COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, prevention; personal and environmental hygiene; and the operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations. There will be a special emphasis on handwashing.

Our team of facilitators will use various methods to train, including participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation and asset-based community development. We will initiate a student health club, which will prepare students to lead other pupils into healthy habits at school and home. We will also lead lectures, group discussions and provide illustrative handouts to teach health topics and promote good hygiene practices within the school, including handwashing and water treatment. We will then conduct a series of follow-up training before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Project Updates


07/09/2021: Itabalia Primary School Project Complete!

Itabalia Primary School in Kenya now has access to a new source of safe, clean water thanks to the completion of their rain tank, which can collect 75,000 liters of water! We installed new latrines and handwashing stations for students, and we trained the school on improved sanitation and hygiene practices, including COVID-19 prevention. These components work together to unlock the opportunity for these students to live better, healthier lives.

"I am happy I won't be carrying water from home to school wasting time on the way. During lunchtime, I can run home for lunch and come back without going to the stream to get water. I hope to put more energy into my studies and achieve the highest marks I have ever gotten since I came here," said Fidelis, a 14-year-old male student.


Teachers were just as excited as the students about the new rain tank on campus.

"My life will change from sending children home to get water to now being able to access water internally from this water point. I say thank you. My main goal is to see the children's mean scores improve every time they do exams. I believe time wasted to go and look for water will be recovered for learning," said Mr. Ombaka, teacher.

How We Go From Ground to Rain Tank

Construction for this 75,000-liter rain tank was successful!

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. The school’s kitchen staff and a few parents helped provide meals for the artisans, while the school provided the artisans’ accommodations. Local women and men helped our artisans with their manual labor, too.

The process officially began with our staff and school administration looking around the school compound to determine the best location for a new rain tank. This needed to be the best site with enough land and a nearby building with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Then, we cleared the site by excavating the soil to make level ground for the tank foundation. We cast the foundation by laying big stones on the level ground and reinforcing them using steel wire, concrete, and waterproof cement. We affixed both the drawing pipe and the drainage pipe as we laid the foundation.

Next, we formed the walls using a skeleton of rebar and wire mesh with sugar sacks temporarily tied to the outside as backing. We attached this to the foundation’s edges so that the work team could start the Ferro-cementing process. They began layering the walls with cement, alternating with the inner and outer side, until six cement layers were in place. (The sugar sacks are removed once the interior receives its first two layers of cement.)

Inside the tank, we cast one central and four support pillars to ensure the dome does not cave in once cemented. Meanwhile, we plastered the inner wall while roughcasting the outer walls. We dug and plastered the access area to the tap outside of the tank, where we also installed a short staircase. In front of the access area, we constructed a soak pit where spilled water can drain from the access area through the ground. The pit helps to keep the tap area dry and tidy.

Dome construction could begin after the tank walls settled. We attached a dome skeleton of rebar, wire mesh, and sugar sacks to the tank walls before cementing and plastering it using similar techniques as the wall construction. We included a small manhole cover into the dome to allow access for future cleanings and water treatments.

We propped long wooden poles (about 75 of them!) inside the tank to support the dome while it cured. Then it was down to the finishing touches: fitting a lockable cover over the tap area, affixing the gutters to the roof and tank, and setting an overflow pipe in place at the edge of the dome for when the tank reaches capacity.

Once finished, we gave the rain tank three to four weeks to undergo complete curing. Finally, we removed the interior support poles and dome sugar sacks and cleaned the tank.

We officially handed over the rain tank to the school directly following the training. Students and staff celebrated the presence of clean water on campus. The event was an excellent chance for us to acknowledge the school administration and students as the primary parties entrusted with the tools we have given and remind them of our continued support as they develop. Happiness, thanksgiving, and appreciation were the order of the day flowing in all directions.

The headteacher led the students in celebrating this new facility. They were happy and expressed their gratitude to the donors.

VIP Latrines


This project funded the installation of six new ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines, three for the girls and three for the boys. These new latrines have cement floors designed to be easy to use and clean, locking doors for safety and privacy, and vents designed to keep air flowing up and out through the roof. With a rain tank right on school property, there should be enough water to keep them clean.

Handwashing Stations


The two handwashing stations were set up during training and handed over to the student health club. These were placed outside of the girls’ and boys’ latrines to encourage handwashing after latrine use. Health club members will teach other students how to wash their hands at the stations properly, make sure the stations are filled with water, and ensure that there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash available.

New Knowledge

We scheduled hygiene and sanitation training with the school’s staff, who ensured that the training date would be convenient for pupils and teachers. When the training day arrived, facilitators, Amos and Chebet deployed to the site to lead the event. Twenty students and teachers attended the training, which we held on the school compound.

The training was done under a shade tree, a great environment for training. Since it was outside under the tree, there was natural light, and COVID-19 prevention guidelines for physical distance seating could be followed.

We focused on COVID-19 prevention, transmission, and symptoms while also covering several other topics. These included personal hygiene such as bathing, oral hygiene, and the ten steps of handwashing; environmental hygiene; child rights; operation and maintenance of the rain tank, latrines, and handwashing stations; and leadership and governance. During the latter, the students elected their peers to lead their newly formed student health club.

The club will be significantly involved in the water, sanitation, and hygiene project management at school. It will be responsible for encouraging good health and hygiene practices amongst their peers, teachers, and the larger community. We involved stretches, dances, and physical activities between each topic to keep the pupils’ energy up and their minds active. By the end of the training, each pupil understood their role in sustaining clean water and good health within their school community.

"Wow, the training was good, I must admit. This knowledge will impact my life by ensuring the environment around me is clean and safe. As the elected chair of the water committee, I will share the knowledge with my fellow pupils," said Martha I.

"This training has beefed up the information I know about COVID-19. It has helped me know the different ways you can handle a COVID-19 patient without stigma. I have also learned a lot about hygiene and sanitation. I am not worried because we have learned to live with it. We wash hands, wear masks, and other interventions. Right now, there are vaccinations of people. That means we are winning," said Ishmail.

We asked Ishmail what it was like to be at home for most of the last year due to Kenya's national coronavirus-related school closures and what it has been like coming back to school.

"It was just the worst of my days. I was bored even to the point of losing interest in education as I thought we would never come back to learning. But I thank God although the syllabus is delayed, at least we are in school. I missed my friends so much, playing football with them, storytelling, and other things. I missed my teachers, especially my math teacher, who could inspire us in the morning with random questions that kept our brains alert."

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the students and teachers are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure the water point works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them. Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our ongoing monitoring and maintenance program.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya21240-pupil-washing-his-face


06/18/2021: Itabalia Primary School Project Underway!

A severe clean water shortage at Itabalia Primary School drains students’ time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this school through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya21240-fetching-water-at-the-stream-7


Project Photos


Project Type

Rainwater Catchment

Rainwater is collected off strategic areas of a roof, enters a custom guttering system (which filters out debris) and leads to a storage tank. Tanks can vary in sizes and are determined by population and average rainfall patterns. Water can be stored for months, is easily treated in the tank, and is accessible through taps. These projects are implemented at schools with proper roof lines and gutter systems to make them successful.


Contributors

Newman Elementary 5th Grade
Tale_lost
Sophia's Campaign for Water
Calvert School's 5th Grade Campaign for Water 2020
56 individual donor(s)