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Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional

"We have registered an upsurge in the number of pupils’ population since the commencement of these projects in this school."

Mukuli Primary School Director of Studies

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Background Information

Mukuli Primary School is in Mukuli Village of Kenya’s Vihiga County. There are 636 regular pupils enrolled out of which 277 are boys and 359 are girls. Besides the 636 students, there is an early education department which teaches 130 young children. The school is also offering vocational training for 13 older girls. Mukuli Primary has a great deal of pupils with special needs: 63 are visually impaired, and 13 are mentally handicapped.

(Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people. This site would make a great location for a second project. To learn more, click here.)

The Current Source

The school had a borehole within their compound that was condemned by the Vihiga County Deparment of Government Health. Consequently, the condemned borehole should only provide water for cleaning classrooms. However, when pupils are thirsty that often sneak a drink of this contaminated water. Staff must send students to fetch water from a spring which is two kilometers away from the school. Other students are required to carry water from home in jerrycans. Constant water shortage has and is predisposing the school community to communicable diseases such as malaria, due to mosquito bites as pupils fetch water from the distant spring, and typhoid and other diarrheal diseases.

Sanitation Situation

All of the above groups share the same sanitation facilities. The school has only six simple pit latrines for boys, and six VIP latrines for girls. The entire institution has a total of 30 teachers out of which 9 are male and 21 are female. The teachers have a single-pit two-door VIP latrine with one door serving males and the other serving females.

Most female students are faced with daily rape attempts on their way to fetch water from the spring. Some pregnancy cases were strongly suspected to have resulted from these girls going to the spring at odd hours. Much class time is being wasted because of pupils fetching water from such a far location. This has interfered with proper syllabus coverage, and most pupils do not perform well in class. Moreover, students risk of road accidents as they cross the busy Kisumu-Kakamega Highway in search of water.

Mukuli Primary School is highly recommended to benefit from a water, sanitation and hygiene project. This will give students back much of their needed time and energy for academic work. Besides, waterborne diseases such as typhoid and malaria commonly reported among the school population will greatly decrease if this project is implemented and training is offered to the school community.

Plans are to build a rainwater catchment tank, new VIP latrines, and to install hand-washing stations. Students, staff, and community members have already begun to contribute the necessary materials and effort to make this project a success. As you can see from the photos below, the school is responsible for digging a pit for the new VIP latrines. A new rainwater catchment tank will give students a permanent source of safe water on campus, new latrines will improve the sanitation situation, and hand-washing stations will provide greater opportunity for healthy living.

Project Results

Construction for a rainwater catchment tank, two triple-door VIP latrines, and two hand-washing stations is complete. The two three-door VIP latrines have already improved sanitation conditions: “Before this project we were in shortage of 12 and eight latrine doors for girls and boys respectively but this has been lowered to six and two latrine doors for each gender respectively,” the health and sanitation teacher remarked. This brings the school much closer to meeting the standards set by the World Health Organization of having one door per 25 girls and 30 boys respectively.

School health and hygiene trainings were also completed successfully. The fruits of school health and hygiene training are already evident: The CTC school health club is up and running, headed by a WaSH president supported by various advocates for health, water, hygiene and sanitation, all of whom are pupils. “We enjoy great support from the school administration,” commented the WaSH president, “our fellow pupils have grasped the narratives behind hand-washing and using clean water as a hand-washing agent, personal and environmental hygiene. Our school compound and classrooms are indeed clean.”

The catchment tank is now in use, but only minimally; there have been few rains since its completion. “Once it rains, the water tank is projected to help our pupils to access safe, adequate and clean water for drinking, cooking and even cleaning purposes within the school compound,” commented the headmistress. The water tank will deter pupils from fetching water from the condemned borehole in the school. “We have registered an upsurge in the number of pupils’ population since the commencement of these projects in this school,” said the Director of Studies. “It is true that the confidence of our pupils have soared and we look forward to recording higher performances due to much time created by having water within the compound.”

Thank You for your generosity that makes all of this possible!

Recent Project Updates

03/14/2016: Mukuli Primary School Project Complete

We are very excited to report that, thanks to your willingness to help, the students and staff of Mukuli Primary School in Kenya have a new source of safe, clean water. A new rainwater harvesting system and new latrines have been built. Two hand-washing stations have been installed, and the students and community have received training in sanitation and hygiene. Just imagine the difference these resources will make in the lives of these students! We just updated the project page with the latest details, including pictures.

The Water Project and Mukuli Primary School Thank You for unlocking potential!

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02/12/2016: Mukuli Primary School Project Underway

We are excited to announce that, thanks to your willingness to help, Mukuli Primary School in Kenya will soon have a new source of safe, clean water. A rainwater catchment system is being constructed and the community will receive training in sanitation and hygiene. Together these resources will go a long way toward stopping the spread of disease in the area. We just posted an initial report including information about the school, GPS coordinates, and pictures. We’ll keep you posted as the project continues.

Take a look, and Thank You for your help!

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Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Kenya, Vihiga, Wamulama, Mbihi, Mukuli Village
ProjectID: 4596
Install Date:  03/14/2016

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 07/27/2017

Visit History:
04/11/2016 — Functional
10/30/2016 — Functional
03/01/2017 — Functional
05/31/2017 — Functional
07/27/2017 — Functional

A Year Later: Mukuli Primary School

August, 2017

Initially, the school had a population of 636 and with the introduction of the facilities, the number has improved to 702. Improvement in academics from a mean of 276 to a mean of 298 has occurred as well. General cleanliness both of the students and the school compound has also improved.

A year ago, generous donors helped build a rainwater catchment system, latrines, and hand washing stations for Mukuli Primary School in Kenya. Because of these gifts and our monthly donors, partners are able to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. Because of these consistent visits, we learn vital lessons and we hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one with you.



“The school has experienced high enrollment,” says Samuel Simidi as he visits the school compound.“Initially, the school had a population of 636 and with the introduction of the facilities, the number has improved to 702. Improvement in academics from a mean of 276 to a mean of 298 has occurred as well. General cleanliness both of the students and the school compound has also improved.”

Deputy Headteacher Jacob Chugunzira also had the chance to speak with Samuel. “There have been major improvements in terms of cleanliness of the entire school compound. The school used to register low performance in the Kenya National Certificate of Primary Education but that has improved as well as time management with the availability of clean water.

Diana Warugura, a 12-year-old student said, “Since the introduction of the facilities in our school, I have been able to improve on my performance at school this is due to time management of not having to carry water.”


“The school’s sanitation facilities are in good condition which generally shows a commitment of the institution to the facility,” says Samuel. As we continue to monitor their progress and conduct refresher courses on hygiene and sanitation, we’re excited to share more stories from Mukuli Primary School in Kenya.

The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.


Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.