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Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 305 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

In 1999 as they watched their children leave on faraway journeys to school, the ADC (African Divine Church) felt the need to have a school of their own. Most of these students had to drop out of school because they would get to school late after the long trek and suffer punishment from teachers.

The church was so dedicated to the idea of having a school that they decided to give up their permanent church hall and kitchen as the first classrooms so that learning could begin. It wasn’t easy at the beginning, but they struggled to contribute their hard-earned money and own strength to bake bricks and mine ballast to build three more classrooms.

Early in the morning by 6:50AM, all pupils of ADC Chanda Primary School must be within the school compound or else punishment awaits them. Classrooms and offices must be swept and the compound well-cleaned before starting the 30-minute morning preps. On Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays, there are no assemblies to raise the Kenyan flag, so morning preps stretch out to fill an hour.

At 12:40PM, children go back home to eat lunch in order to return by 1:30 for afternoon sessions. There are also class discussions led by one pupil at a time up until 4PM. Once class is dismissed at four, students are required to either play games or join in club meetings to develop these children’s talents. A bell is rung every evening at 5PM for students to return home as the security guard arrives to watch the compound at night.

Water Situation

The 10,000-liter plastic tank in the compound doesn’t even hold enough water for cleaning classrooms. Therefore, mud carried on children’s shoes dries and makes classes dirty until the weekly cleaning. This explains why jiggers have infested this entire institution, with some children missing classes due to pain in their feet and toes caused by those parasites.

On the hard copy of the school timetable, there is no time allocated for fetching water. However, from time to time lessons have to be interrupted for the children to rush to the spring in shifts. Pupils carry water back in jerrycans with no covers, and water spills on them as they lift it to their heads and as they jostle it along the way. They reach school with wet clothes that dries as they continue with lessons.

Farming is also done close to the spring, so it is likely that fertilizers and other chemicals are washed into the water when it rains. It is normal for students to suffer from diarrhea after drinking the water. “When we bring that water, we take it to the staffroom to be used by teachers, therefore we do not remain with water to drink, let alone washing hands,” one student complained.

Sanitation Situation

All employees have one latrine door for gentlemen and one for ladies. Six functional latrine doors are for each gender of student. This is not adequate and pupils have to wait for a long time in line to ease themselves. “When the bell goes, a teacher has to stop immediately because every child runs to reach latrines fast and avoid waiting for long at the entrance,” the deputy headteacher explained. He further shared that the very first latrines donated by the church are too old and dangerous to use, and the walls have collapsed and now provide no privacy for their users.

These children also need a thorough health and hygiene training. Jigger fleas are dangerous parasites that can result in lameness and thus dropping out of school. What’s worse is that these are contagious! The school has already had thirty children infected, and the deputy headteacher fears that it will soon infect the entire school if it is not properly addressed by professionals. “We can only tell them to maintain cleanliness to avoid jiggers, but we do not know how to cure those parasites. They are spreading like wildfire. It was two children at the beginning and now the number has already shot to thirty, and these are the few that could be seen. How about those ones in upper classes that fear to accept that they are infected and then hide their feet in shoes so that we do not realize! The worst bit is that they step in our dirty latrines with bare feet that are infected; I just cannot tell exactly how sick our children may be. For sure they are in danger, please help us,” the deputy headteacher concluded.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training and Hand-Washing Stations

Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school. This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as hand-washing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will be constructed on school grounds. Teachers, students, and parents will gather the materials needed for this project, including sand, ballast, bricks, and hardcore. This contribution will fuel a sense of responsibility for the school and community to take care of their new facilities. Once materials are mobilized, the WEWASAFO team will arrive to lead the construction effort.

With adequate clean water, the school will have water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and hand-washing.

Plans: VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed, providing three new latrines for each gender. Latrine materials will be mobilized the same way as the tank, ensuring the school feels these facilities are truly theirs. And with a rainwater catchment tank nearby, there will be enough water to keep them clean.

School administration and parents are positive that with these new facilities and training, their students’ academic performance will improve. Students will be healthy and empowered to focus on what’s important!

Recent Project Updates

05/08/2017: ADC Chanda Primary School Project Complete

ADC Chanda Primary School in Kenya now has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your generous donation. A new rainwater catchment system has been built, and there are now six new latrines being used. Two hand-washing stations have been installed, and the entire student body has received training in sanitation and hygiene. Just imagine the difference these resources will make in the lives of these students!

You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this rainwater catchment tank and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures.

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held in the small and dusty nursery classroom. The school had no classrooms to spare, and thus a class had to sacrifice their class time for the training to occur. The school administration felt that the youngest nursery children were the ones to miss classes.

The headmistress asked each teacher to select at least two students from their class. She also sent invitations to parents and teachers to attend sessions. A total of 25 people ended up attending. Despite a late and busy day because of an impromptu visit from the governor the day before, participants made an effort to listen and learn new things from the workshop. Seeing how tired the students looked, the facilitator thought to cut the first day of training a little short and resume the next day. However, after a little singing and stretching, students looked revived and confirmed they were ready to tackle everything planned.

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We taught an entire lesson on management and maintenance of the new tank and latrine facilities. Regular checking and cleaning of the gutter system is a must! It’s also important to treat the water while it is still in the tank. We also covered topics including but not limited to:

– Water pollution and water treatment

– Personal and environmental hygiene

– Group dynamics, leadership, and governance

– Forming an effective CTC (child to child) club

– Hand-washing

We used a number of different ways to teach the above topics, while demonstrations were used for hand-washing and tooth-brushing. We facilitated group discussions and presentations. The girls and boys also received handouts which will help them teach hygiene and sanitation to their peers.

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The child to child club will include both students and teachers who want to take responsibility for spreading the message of good health and hygiene among their peers. They will also be responsible for taking care of the new hand-washing stations, making sure they are always filled with water and that a cleaning agent like soap or ash is available. A water user committee has also been formed by parents and school administration, which will be responsible for overseeing and maintaining the new facilities.

Teacher Milton Musalia told the facilitator, “The project is coming to an end. It does not mean that you just forget about us as you look for other needy schools to help. Just pass by here to greet us, and also plan to have more seminars to enlighten us on healthy living, because I know many researches are still being done and discoveries made. We don’t want to be left behind!” This is just the start of our relationship with ADC Chanda Primary School. We will be visiting at least three times a year as a part of the monitoring and evaluation program!

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Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

The two hand-washing stations were delivered to school and handed over to the CTC club. They will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at these stations, and will make sure there is always soap or ash available. Now the school has the stations they need, and they have the water to fill them! The CTC students even want to make their own hand-washing stations to give every student the opportunity to wash their hands.


Project Result: VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines. These latrines are easy to use and easy to clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time!

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Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction on this 50,0000-liter tank began in January.

Parents, staff, and students first helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. The children worked especially hard carrying water to be used in construction. All the while, women cooked meals for the artisans who traveled to the construction site.

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First, the location for the tank was decided on with the input of school leadership. We had to find a place that provided enough roof for a gutter system. We then cleared the ground, set and cast the foundational slab, built the five-inch-thick wall, built roofing, and installed the fittings such as delivery pipes, vent pipes, and screens. Finally, good drainage was ensured. Before the tank could begin collecting rainwater, we had it cure for three weeks. Once dry, we could remove the supportive beams and then install the gutter system. The school now has the opportunity to collect 50,000 liters of water!

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Absenteeism has decreased because the good hygiene practices taught during training were taken into consideration, and the availability of water on school grounds has also made it possible for children to mop classes everyday with enough water. Latrines are cleaned and ash poured inside to keep away bad odors on a daily basis. The compound is sprinkled with water every morning, decreasing health conditions that are brought on or escalated by exposure to dust. Time that was wasted when children were sent out to get water is now being used profitably in class to improve performance. Students are now happy, and they say that the new facilities have boosted their self esteem, since now their school has been placed in a higher category that makes them proud. Children have begun to drink the water they need for healthy daily living, just the way it had been explained during training.

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The school cook also shares of the training’s success, as she explained to the team managing this project. “The work you have done here is good, first I now have enough water for kitchen duties. To add on that, I have also benefited from the training you did here, even though I did not attend. Imagine! A small girl who was in the workshop found me cooking with a metallic spoon and she cautioned me against it, and advised me to use a wooden spoon because the metallic one scratches aluminum from the saucepan which mixes with food then gets in the body, and it is very dangerous to the human body. I sat down and asked where she had got that knowledge and the kind of things I learned from her is new knowledge I had never heard of. Therefore, I am a beneficiary of the training and I teach other women because knowledge is power, and I say thank you for empowering us with the knowledge on healthy living,” said the cook pictured above.

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03/09/2017: ADC Chanda Primary School Project Underway

We’re excited to share that thanks to your help, the students at ADC Chanda Primary School will no longer have to miss class to fetch water! A rainwater catchment tank and new latrines are being constructed, hand-washing stations provided, and the school is being trained on proper sanitation and hygiene practices. Imagine the impact this will have on these students! Thank you for noticing the need here, and we’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Check out the tabs above to read more, and Thank You for caring for the thirsty!

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Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Vihiga, Chambiti, Chanda
ProjectID: 4649
Install Date:  05/08/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 10/10/2017

Visit History:
06/27/2017 — Functional
10/10/2017 — Functional


Project Sponsor - Imago Dei Community
1 individual donor(s)

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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.