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The Water Project : 19-kenya4667-new-latrines
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The Water Project : 6-kenya4667-latrine-management-training
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The Water Project : 3-kenya4667-chemistry-class
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Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 477 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

The Ebukanga Secondary students must report to school by 8AM on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, but many arrive earlier to study. On the remaining week days, normal classes start at 7AM. Lunch is from 1-2PM, and afternoon classes go until 4:30PM.

Most students come from very poor households who cannot afford school fees. To help, school administration decided to accept any form of payment: trees for firewood, beans, maize, and chickens are common items given to the school. Local political leaders have also invested as much as they can; there is a Constituency Development Fund (CDF) that has paid for painting classrooms and building a dining hall. A member of the Kenyan Parliament is also helping by supplementing children’s school fees, which in turn helps pay the teachers’ salaries. This same member of parliament has donated 10 desktop computers so that students can learn basic skills.

Principal Jeremiah Andayi told us that his goal is “not to force every students to get grade A by the end of their learning, but to grant every needy child a chance to go through the education system and change their destiny for the better.” However, there is a severe water shortage that impedes this goal.

Water Situation

The school purchased a 6,000-liter plastic tank to catch water when it rains. But between cooking, drinking, cleaning, and science lab, a full tank is barely enough for one day of school. When emptied, the tank acts as storage for water fetched from other sources. To keep students from having to leave school during the day, the principal decided to pay people to deliver buckets of water. These people collect water from nearby sources, most of which are open springs. There’s no way for the school to know if the water they are receiving is safe.

At least 1,000 shillings a day are spent to buy water, but this isn’t enough. Principal Andayi said that “students fight over water, and others dip their dirty utensils into the common source as they draw it for drinking purposes. We sympathize with them and simply say ‘water has no bad heart.’ We live by the grace of God. Because of water shortages, some students leave their utensils unwashed and still use them during the next meal.”

Sanitation Situation

There are six pit latrines, all of which are dirty, smelly, and clogged up. In a couple of latrines, students had even missed the hole in the floor.

There is only one hand-washing station set aside for almost 500 people, but it is rarely filled with water.

The school and its students do their best to keep the compound and its classrooms neat, and the cooks wear appropriate clothes to keep the food clean. With an adequate water source on school grounds, students will be able to wash their hands, wash their utensils, and keep their environment clean.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training and Hand-Washing Stations

Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school. This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as hand-washing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

Plans: VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Three doors will serve the girls while the other three serve the boys. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff. Water of unknown quality will no longer be paid for by the school, for they will soon have safe water at their doorstep.

We and the school strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. These higher standards will translate to better health, better academic performance, and a better quality of life.

Recent Project Updates

10/31/2017: Ebukanga Secondary School Project Complete

Ebukanga Secondary School in Kenya now has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your generous donation. A new rainwater catchment system has been built, and there are now six new latrines being used. Two hand-washing stations have been installed, and students have received training in sanitation and hygiene. Just imagine the difference these resources will make in the lives of these children!

You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this rainwater catchment tank and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures.

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was organized with the help of school administration. They chose students from each grade, teachers, and parents to invite. The teachers and student leaders will form a CTC (child to child) health club that’s in charge of promoting health on campus and maintaining the new facilities. 16 participants ended up meeting us in the school dining hall for our sessions.

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We taught an entire lesson on management and maintenance of the new tank and latrine facilities. Regular checking and cleaning of the gutter system is a must! It’s also important to treat the water while it is still in the tank. We also covered topics including but not limited to:

– Water pollution and water treatment

– Personal and environmental hygiene

– Group dynamics, leadership, and governance

– Forming an effective CTC (child to child) club

– Hand-washing

Demonstrations were used for hand-washing, tooth-brushing, solar disinfection, and many other topics. We facilitated group discussions and presentations, and students took part in role-plays. The students also received handouts which will help them teach hygiene and sanitation to their peers.

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Students went outside to practice the 10 steps of hand-washing that the trainer demonstrated.

The CTC club will include both students and teachers who want to take responsibility for spreading the message of good health and hygiene among their peers. They will also be responsible for managing hand-washing stations, cleaning latrines, and keeping the school environment tidy. A water user committee has also been formed by parents and school administration, which will be responsible for overseeing and maintaining the new facilities.

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Students learning how to clean the latrines properly.

17-year-old Faith Khamonyi is the chair of the new CTC club. She said, “I am very happy today because the workshop has helped me understand some of the life issues affecting us in mixed secondary school. When you shared something on personal hygiene, it really cleared the air on what should one do as safety measures against myths on cervical and breast cancers. The health message we have learned today is helpful to use both in school and at home.”

Project Result: VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines. These latrines are easy to use and easy to clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time!

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Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

The two hand-washing stations were delivered to school and handed over to the CTC club. These have been placed outside of the boys’ and girls’ latrines to encourage hand-washing after latrine use. CTC club members will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at these stations, and will make sure there is always soap or ash available. Now the school has the stations they need, and they have the water to fill them!

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Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction for this 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank was successful!

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. All the while, women cooked meals for the artisans, and the school provided accommodations for the artisans during their work. Some local men even helped our artisans with their manual labor.

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A community member wheels dirt to the tank construction site.

The process began with our staff and school administration moving around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rainwater catchment tank. This needed to be the best site with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Rainwater tank construction began with clearance of the site: excavating the soil within the required measurements to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying hardcore on a level ground and then reinforcing it using steel, concrete and waterproof cement.

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Men placing stones like a puzzle to form the first layer of the tank foundation.

As the foundation was being lain, both the drawing pipe as well as the washout pipe were affixed. The wall was built with ferro-cement techniques through six layers. The inner wall was plastered while rough casting was done on the outer part.

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After the superstructure had been given enough time to settle, the dome construction followed. The manhole cover was fitted, inlet pipes were connected to the roof gutters, inlet screens, ventilation pipes (breathers) and overflow pipes were all done to standards.

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Aligning the discharge pipes, which will be finished with taps.

Finally, the catchment area was dug, plastered, and a staircase installed. Drainage was set up there, and then the tank was allowed three to four weeks to undergo complete curing before it was cleaned and handed over to Ebukanga Secondary School. It already has some water in it!

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Achila Media, the school cook, was there to celebrate the tank’s completion. She said, “Am so happy because this water tank will make food preparation done on time and our students will have much time to concentrate on their academics. The tank will also save the school much money because the administration used to spend quite a lot paying people to bring water for us to use at school. Besides, we will be able to manage the water quality by doing tank treatment, unlike buying water which we could not even tell their sources.” Saved time, saved money, and better health. We are so excited to see these results come to fruition as the students and staff enjoy clean water!

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09/25/2017: Ebukanga Secondary School Project Underway

Ebukanga Secondary School in Kenya has begun building a new source of safe, clean water because of your generous donation. A rainwater catchment tank and new latrines are being constructed, hand-washing stations provided, and the school is being trained on proper sanitation and hygiene practices. Imagine the impact this will have on these students! Thank you for noticing the need here, and we’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

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Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment
Location:  Vihiga, Mulunyenya, Ebukanga
ProjectID: 4667
Install Date:  10/31/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 12/09/2017

Visit History:
12/09/2017 — Functional


Project Underwriter - H2O For Life
The Weaver family/JM Smith Foundation
1 individual donor(s)

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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.