Project Status

Project Type:  Rainwater Catchment

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 120 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Nov 2017

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 06/05/2024

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the School

Friends Emanda Secondary School is an offshoot of Emanda Primary School. It is adjacent to the primary group, and has to bear with a lot of noise from the primary school pupils on a daily basis. Due to limited land resources, the available playground space is shared by the two institutions on a well-thought out schedule to avoid wrangles among the learners.

Because of their many struggles, especially those due to water scarcity, this school registers extremely low on national exams. Getting into college is fully reliant on these scores, so these students are left feeling hopeless.

Water Situation

These older students have to go out into the community in search of water. They frequent Bomu Spring, which is also a preferred source for community members. Consequently, the teachers on duty are ever ready to solve any problems arising between students and villagers. It sometimes takes an hour for students to get back to school because of the community members already in line at the spring.

Staff inspected the work that was done to protect Bomu Spring, and found that it is more for show than for function. The pipe with water flowing through it makes it easier for people to fill their containers, but not much was done to protect and filter the water that flows through that pipe.  This water is brought back and used for cleaning, cooking and drinking.

So not only is there a great amount of time wasted fetching water, but this water is also unsafe for human consumption (especially by the time it's delivered back to school!). Principal Mary Mugengeya told us, "The greatest health challenges we have are insufficient food and shortage of adequate, clean and safe drinking water for our students. We also have HIV/AIDS cases among the students, though it is never made public. In case any student falls sick, we do involve the parents to find medical interventions and sometimes the school is forced to cater for the treatment cost where guardian is not concerned or very unable to give support."

Sanitation Situation

The available pit latrine doors are still new, clean and stable, and the students have managed to maintain high standards of hygiene. The primary and secondary girls even share latrines because neither institution has enough. The secondary school itself only has four doors! There aren't even any hand-washing stations for students to use after the latrines or before eating lunch.

There is virtually no waste or litter to be disposed of around campus. This is because there are no snacks until a late lunch of maize and beans at 1pm. By then, the cook and her students are so hungry that they grind everything up and cook it into the mixture.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training and Hand-Washing Stations

Training will be held for two days. The facilitator will use PHAST (participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation), ABCD (asset-based community development), CTC (child to child), lectures, group discussions, and handouts to teach health topics and ways to promote good practices within the school. The CTC method will prepare students to lead other students into healthy habits, as well as kickstart a CTC club for the school. This CTC club will oversee the new facilities, such as hand-washing stations, and make sure they are kept clean and in working condition. The two hand-washing stations will be delivered to the school, and the club will fill them with water on a daily basis and make sure there is always a cleaning agent such as soap or ash.

Plans: VIP Latrines

Two triple-door latrines will be constructed with local materials that the school will help gather. Normally we give three doors to the girls while the other three serve boys, but it is likely administration will set them aside for girls so they no longer have to share with primary students. And with a new source of water on school grounds, students and staff should have enough to keep these new latrines clean.

Plans: Rainwater Catchment Tank

A 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank will help alleviate the water crisis at this school. The school will also help gather the needed materials such as sand, rocks, and water from the spring for mixing cement. Once finished, this tank can begin catching rainfall that will be used by the school’s students and staff. Students will no longer be responsible to find enough water to carry to school every day.

We and the school strongly believe that with this assistance, standards will significantly improve. These higher standards will translate to better academic performance!

Project Updates

October, 2018: A Year Later: Friends Emanda Secondary School

A year ago, your generous donation enabled us to install a rainwater catchment tank for Friends Emanda Secondary School in Kenya. The contributions of incredible monthly donors and others giving directly to The Water Promise allow our local teams to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the water project over time. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories. Read more...

November, 2017: Friends Emanda Secondary School Project Complete

Friends Emanda Secondary School in Kenya now has a new source of safe, clean water thanks to your generous donation. A new rainwater catchment system has been built, and there are now six new latrines being used. Two hand-washing stations have been installed, and students have received training in sanitation and hygiene. Just imagine the difference these resources will make in the lives of these children!

You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this rainwater catchment tank and many other projects.

The report below from our partner gives the latest details of the project. We also just updated the project page with new pictures.

Project Result: New Knowledge

We worked with the school principal to secure a time and place for hygiene and sanitation training. She invited students from each grade and asked teachers to attend, too. After training, these same students and teachers will form a new CTC (child to child) health club to promote health and manage the new school facilities.

13 people met us outside, since all of the classrooms were being used. They brought out chairs and a table to be used as an easel. These participants were eight students, two teachers, and three parents.

5 kenya4832 training

We taught an entire lesson on management and maintenance of the new tank and latrine facilities. Regular checking and cleaning of the gutter system is a must! It’s also important to treat the water while it is still in the tank. We also covered topics including but not limited to:

– Water pollution and water treatment

– Personal and environmental hygiene

– Group dynamics, leadership, and governance

– Forming an effective CTC (child to child) club

– Hand-washing

8 kenya4832 hand-washing

A student practices the 10 steps of hand-washing using the new hand-washing station.

Demonstrations were used for hand-washing, tooth-brushing, solar disinfection, and many other topics. We facilitated group discussions and presentations, and students took part in role-plays. The students also received handouts which will help them teach hygiene and sanitation to their peers.

6 kenya4832 solar disinfection

The facilitator demonstrates solar disinfection of drinking water.

The CTC club will include both students and teachers who want to take responsibility for spreading the message of good health and hygiene among their peers. They will also be responsible for managing hand-washing stations, cleaning latrines, and keeping the school environment tidy. A water user committee has also been formed by parents and school administration, which will be responsible for overseeing and maintaining the new facilities.

11 kenya4832 tank management training

Teaching about how to responsibility draw water from the tank.

Board member Margret Ahowa was there to teach a lesson on family planning. She told us, "Such a kind of workshop is a healthy training ground that allows students to digest the routine theoretical information in a more practical manner. It is for a fact: The students attending this training have been imparted on in a better way that those absent. The session was not only so friendly, but also very rich in health and hygiene messages."

Project Result: VIP Latrines

This project funded the installation of six new VIP (ventilated improved pit) latrines. Digging the pits for these was the most difficult part of this project. Since the school is in a rocky area, digging was time-consuming and dangerous.

But because the workers persevered, this school now has new latrines that are easy to use and easy to clean. And with a rainwater catchment tank, there should be enough water to keep them clean all the time!

23 kenya4832 finished latrines

Project Result: Hand-Washing Stations

The two hand-washing stations were delivered to school and handed over to the CTC club. These have been placed outside of the boys’ and girls’ latrines to encourage hand-washing after latrine use. CTC club members will teach other students how to properly wash their hands at these stations, and will make sure there is always soap or ash available. Now the school has the stations they need, and they have the water to fill them!

26 kenya4832 hand-washing

Project Result: Rainwater Catchment Tank

Construction for this 50,000-liter rainwater catchment tank was successful!

Parents, staff, and students helped our artisans gather everything needed for construction. All the while, women cooked meals for the artisans, and the school provided accommodations for the artisans during their work. Some local men even helped our artisans with their manual labor.

12 kenya4832 tank foundation

Men using some of the dirt they delivered to level the tank foundation.

The process began with our staff and school administration moving around the school compound to try and determine the best location for a new rainwater catchment tank. This needed to be the best site with good, clean roofing to catch the rainwater.

Rainwater tank construction began with clearance of the site: excavating the soil within the required measurements to make level ground for the tank foundation. The foundation was cast by laying hardcore on a level ground and then reinforcing it using steel, concrete and waterproof cement.

14 kenya4832 tank foundation

As the foundation was being lain, both the drawing pipe as well as the washout pipe were affixed. The wall was built with ferro-cement techniques through six layers. The inner wall was plastered while rough casting was done on the outer part.

14 kenya4832 wall fortification

Strong wire also fortified the tank wall.

After the superstructure had been given enough time to settle, the dome construction followed. The manhole cover was fitted, inlet pipes were connected to the roof gutters, inlet screens, ventilation pipes (breathers) and overflow pipes were all done to standards.

16 kenya4832 dome work

Finally, the catchment area was dug, plastered, and a staircase installed. Drainage was set up there, and then the tank was allowed three to four weeks to undergo complete curing before it was cleaned and handed over to Friends Emanda Secondary School. It already has some water in it!

And when the Vihiga Constituency Development Fund saw that a rainwater catchment tank was being built at Emanda Secondary School, they donated extra money to supplement the work. The students actually came up with the idea to use this extra money to harness the water drainage from the tank. Instead of soaking into the ground, excess water will now be directed into a small underground tank. This water will be used for cleaning latrines and classrooms!

20 kenya4832 clean water

Parent Edwin Mwelesa was at the training and is now part of the water user committee made up of board members, teachers, and parents. She said, "The tank will help us get steady supply of safe water for the school. This will reverse the old way, whereby students were being sent for water from Bomu Spring. On their way, students used to stray into neighbors' properties besides engaging in other indecent acts. With water tank within the school compound, we are so confident that both discipline and academic improvement will be the talk of the day!"

September, 2017: Friends Emanda Secondary School Project Underway

Friends Emanda Secondary School in Kenya has begun building a new source of safe, clean water because of your generous donation. A rainwater catchment tank and new latrines are being constructed, hand-washing stations provided, and the school is being trained on proper sanitation and hygiene practices. Imagine the impact this will have on these students! Thank you for noticing the need here, and we’ll keep you posted as the work continues.

Project Photos

Project Type

For a rainwater collection system, we build gutters around a building with good, clean roofing to channel rain where we want it. From there, the water falls through a filtered inlet pipe into a high-capacity storage tank, the size of which is based on population and average rainfall patterns. In the tank, water can be stored for months, where it is easily treated and accessed. Learn more here!

A Year Later: Friends Emanda Secondary School

October, 2018

“We really appreciate and we are so happy because now we can access clean safe water here in school. Sourcing water from outside the school’s compound is now a thing of the past.” – Christine Aleyo, 17, student

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Friends Emanda Secondary School.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Friends Emanda Secondary School maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

A year ago, your generous donation enabled us to install a rainwater catchment tank for Friends Emanda Secondary School in Kenya. The contributions of incredible monthly donors and others giving directly to The Water Promise allow our local teams to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the water project over time. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – and we’re excited to share this one from local team member Samuel Simidi with you.

Emanda Secondary School is the best place to be! After implementation of the project, students now access clean and safe water within the school's compound. This enables the students to spend more time on their studies.

"Before implementation of the project, we used to get water from outside the school's compound and this really affected our student performance," Principal Mary Madengeya said to us.

Principal Mary Madengeya

"We are hoping for an improved performance this year. This is because our teachers now teach the students without disruptions or any of them unnecessarily missing class."

The school's sanitation and hygiene have generally improved as the students are using handwashing stations and the latrines are adequate to serve the population.

"Our students used to queue at the toilet as they were not sufficient and it consumed part of their lessons. That is no longer a problem," Mudengeya explained. "The water available has contributed to an improvement in the general hygiene and sanitation of the school."

A student fills his jerrycan with water during our September monitoring visit.

Construction of the tank is only one step along the journey toward sustainable access to clean water. The Water Project is committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by donors like you, allows us to maintain our relationships with communities by visiting up to 4 times each year to ensure that the water points are safe and reliable.

This is just one of the many ways that we monitor projects and communicate with you. Additionally, you can always check the functionality status and our project map to see how all of our water points are performing, based on our consistent monitoring data.

One project is just a drop in the bucket towards ending the global water crisis, but the ripple effects of this project are truly astounding. This tank in Friends Emanda Secondary School is changing many lives.

Christine Aleyo posing in front of the tank

"We really appreciate and we are so happy because now we can access clean, safe water here in school," student Christine Aleyo said during our visit. "Sourcing water from outside the school's compound is now a thing of the past."

This is only possible because of the web of support and trust built between The Water Project, our local teams, the community, and you. We are excited to stay in touch with this community and support their journey with safe water.

Read more about The Water Promise and how you can help.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Friends Emanda Secondary School maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Friends Emanda Secondary School – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


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