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The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Sand Dam Materials
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Training On Making Soap
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Training On Making Soap
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Training On Making Soap
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Training On Making Soap
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Training On Making Soap
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Action Plan Review
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Action Plan Review
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Action Plan Review
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Action Plan Review
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Garbage Pit
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Handwashing Station By Latrine
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Latrine
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Latrine
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Animal Pen
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Using A Dish Rack
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Mutunga Kitchen
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Mutunga Household
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Mutunga Family
The Water Project: Maluvyu Community B -  Maluvyu Shg Member Kathikwa Mutunga

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 255 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Jun 2018

Functionality Status:  Project Monitoring Data Delayed

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

Maluvyu Village is very rural and peaceful, despite the fact that it’s close to a market center called Kathonzweni, the administrative headquarters of the division. The area is generally dry and arid. Most of the buildings are family homes made of a mix of both brick, mud, and grass-thatched shacks.

Maluvyu is home to the Ngwatanio ya Utui Wa Maluvyu Self-Help Group, which is made up of farmers who unite to address food and water scarcity in their region. If a farmer doesn’t have a large farm for themselves, they are paid a salary to work on their neighbors’ farms. The majority of group members earn no more than 2,000 shillings ($20) a month.

Water

We teamed up with this group to bring clean water closer to their village. They’ve already built one sand dam and well system, and look forward to building this second system on the Kituluni River.

“We have lived many years with water problems. The construction of our first sand dam helped us solve this problem and we hope to implement more projects and bring water close to us,” shared Mr. Sammyu Wambua Kilele.

Before this first system, everyone was just digging holes in the sandy riverbed to find water. These would sit open and unguarded from contamination. Waterborne diseases were the norm for the people the drank the dirty water from there.

There’s now a clean water system within a good distance of many people, but the group wants to build more to reduce the busyness around the pump and bring clean water closer to others. To see all of the work being done in Maluvyu, click here.

Sanitation

Part of our relationship with Maluvyu is constant training on and evaluation of their sanitation and hygiene practices. One of those visits was to the household of Mrs. Kathikwa Mutunga, who graciously allowed us to take pictures. All households in Maluvyu built at least a basic pit latrine since the start of our training schedule. About 90% of households have a handwashing station with soap.

All of these households are looking clean, thanks to many other great tools like garbage pits, dish racks, clotheslines, and animal pens.

Here’s what we’re going to do:

Training

We will be engaging with the group members to review some of the things they’ve learned. Though their household compounds look great, we want to review some of the daily practices we don’t get to observe. We’ll talk about food hygiene, water hygiene and its treatment, and personal hygiene, including hand-washing.

Sand Dam

Building this sand dam at a spot further down the Kituluni River will bring water closer to hundreds of other people. After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. This sand dam is projected to be 29.36 meters long and 4.85 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to hundreds living around Maluvyu, including the Mwatunga family.


This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for clarity) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


06/19/2018: Maluvyu Community Sand Dam Complete

Maluvyu Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new sand dam was constructed on a sandy riverbed, which will build up and to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

New Knowledge

Our main contact for Maluvyu Community was the chairman of Maluvyu Self-Help Group. He worked directly with our field officers to plan the best date for community members to attend hygiene and sanitation training sessions. They then agreed on a venue, the homestead of Mr. Mutunga Kyunguti, another one of the group members who was kind enough to offer the land outside his home where there was a little bit of shade to keep everyone cool. There were 15 group members in attendance.

We made household visits to plan for training, listing the areas of needed improvement. Our trainer started by sharing the overall situation with community members, who then took that information and turned it around to make an action plan. How many more latrines did the community need to build for everyone to have one?

Counting the number of good facilities and practices present in the community to make an action plan.

The trainer also taught about these topics and many more:

– Making soap

– Importance of covering a latrine pit

– Making and using drying racks

– Household hygiene

– Food preparation and storage

– Water treatment

The group particularly enjoyed learning how to make soap because they knew it wouldn’t only benefit each individual household, but that they could sell it to other people in the local market too.

The group had always assumed that if water looked clear enough, it was clean. They were surprised to learn that you should always treat water before consumption because even clean water can get dirty after transportation and storage. The trainer introduced solar disinfection, boiling, water guard, and Moringa seed as options.

“The training was a good one and it will bring a lot of changes in our lives,” Mr. Kyunguti said.

“For instance, on water hygiene, we now know better than we used to know. Especially on the solar disinfection method, since some of us have been doing it through the wrong way. Through the water treatment, our lives will change in that we will not be getting sick often.”

“Again we will generate income from the soap making activity. Apart from the income, we will improve on our hygiene and sanitation by cleaning our clothes, washing our hands and other general household activities because we have learned that the soap can serve different activities.”

Sand Dam

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand that were required for successful completion of the dam. They also provided unskilled labor to support our artisans. The collection of the raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction. For a super large sand dam, materials collection could take up to four months.

Cement bags and iron rods were delivered to the construction site, but the community had to help us find enough stones, sand, and water.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority (WRMA) and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

The excavation was the toughest step for this group, who encountered a lot of water as they dug. We had to confer and then hire a petrol pump to suck up water as they worked. Then at the tail end of construction, it poured rain unexpectedly.

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and twisted bar are used to reinforce the mixture. Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold the sludge and rocks up above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

The wooden frame will hold stones, iron rods, and cement together until they’ve bonded.

As soon as it rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

However, it could take up to three years of rain (Because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. It is 29.36 meters long and 4.85 meters high and took 575 bags of cement to build.

It’s rained once since completion, and look at all of the sand that’s already built up behind the dam!

Sand dam construction was undertaken simultaneously with the construction of a hand-dug well which gives community members a safe method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more water, more of it will be accessible as drinking water from the well.

To see that hand-dug well, click here.


The Water Project : 20-kenya18171-finished-sand-dam-construction


04/19/2018: Maluvyu Community Sand Dam Underway

A severe clean water shortage still affects tons of families living in Maluvyu Community. Families are having to walk long distances to find clean water, wasting hours of time and tons of energy. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point nearby and much more.

Get to know your community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 5-kenya18171-mutunga-kitchen


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.



Contributors

Project Sponsor - Yakima Foursquare Church