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The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Finished Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Training
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Garbage Disposal
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Makau Household
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  In The Kitchen
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Makau Household
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Makau Household
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Beatrice Makau
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Itatini Shg Member Beatrice Makau
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Kivani Community B -  First Well Installed In The Area

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Sep 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


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This is our second year working with the Itatini Self-Help Group in Kivani Community. We installed a dug well and hand pump alongside a sand dam to help households in the community access safe water.

However, we estimate a well can comfortably support 500 people, so more work needs to be done to ensure this region of nearly 1,500 people can access safe water. That is why we work together with the same group for five years to build sustainable water and sanitation solutions.

The majority of people living in this area practice small-scale agriculture to feed their families and make a small profit in the market. Locals grow maize, peas, green grams and are recently involved in the cultivation of fruit trees such as mangoes and oranges.

The average day starts at 6am. Children prepare for school with the help of their parents and after that livestock are either taken out or tethered in the bush for grazing. After that, the husband and wife are free to engage in the main income generating activities; farming, casual labor, etc.

The water system installed last year is properly taken care of, for the community members quickly saw its importance. The sand dam and well are easing the water challenges in the area with a substantial number of people able to access water easily.

It’s for this reason that community members remain committed to implementing more projects in their area to continue easing water access. The construction of more water projects will help in making water easily accessible to everyone.

“Working on water projects is helping solve the water challenges in our area which has for long suffered continuous water problems, by coming together and working on more projects we will help bring water close to everyone in Kivani Village,” Mr. Gedion Mutie said.

What we plan to do about it:

Our main entry point into Kivani Community has been the Itatini Self-Help Group, which is comprised of 37 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands in feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Training

We’re going to continue training Kivani Community on hygiene and sanitation practices. Though our visits to households were encouraging, we want to ensure that community members are practicing the day to day habits we’re not able to observe. Food hygiene, water hygiene and treatment, personal hygiene and handwashing will all be a focus during our next review.

Sand Dam

Building this sand dam at a spot further down the river will bring water closer to hundreds of other people. After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 49 meters long and 2.8 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to hundreds living around Kivani, including Mrs. Makau and her family.


This project is a part of our shared program with Africa Sand Dam Foundation. Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


09/25/2018: Kivani Community Sand Dam Complete

Kivani Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new dam was constructed on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

New Knowledge

This hygiene and sanitation review was planned and organized by the Area Field Officer, Rhoda Mwangu, who communicated with the community members and settled on a date when Instructor Veronica Matolo could conduct sessions.

Household visits and interviews leading up to the review sessions informed Instructor Matolo about what topics she should highlight.

The attendance was not as expected. A good number of group members who previously said they’d be there sent the others with an apology that they had other engagements that could not be avoided. However, it was agreed that those in attendance would extend the knowledge acquired to those who could not make it.

We met outdoors under trees because it was sunny. There was not enough shade to accommodate everyone so we kept on moving to get enough.

Mrs. Matolo taught about the seasonal calendar, covering pit latrines, treating water, storing kitchen items, disposing of trash, and making soap. Participants look forward to not only using the soap they can make at home but selling it for a profit in the local market.

When recreating a seasonal calendar together, we talked about diseases, their causes, and prevention. People were surprised to learn that diseases are not directly connected to the weather, but to other things happening in the community. Many of these things, such as draining puddles to prevent mosquito breeding, can keep health complications at a minimum.

“The hygiene trainings have been done to us several times and we are very much grateful for the effort that is always made to ensure that we meet the content. The training has been very important to us because we are now rich in knowledge and what is expected of us as far as hygiene is concerned,” said Mrs. Justina Pius.

“Our lives have changed; no more diseases because we already have the know-how on prevention. On the other hand, the knowledge of soap-making has been of importance to us in helping improve cleanliness levels at the household level.”

Sand Dam

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand that were required for successful completion of the dam. This step required perseverance on the part of the work group; they struggled to find the natural construction materials like sand and stones. What they first gathered was not enough, so construction was delayed halfway through so they could all stop and hunt for more stones.

Breaking up more stones for the dam

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and twisted bar are used to reinforce the mixture. Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold the sludge and rocks up above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

As soon as it rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

However, it could take up to three years of rain (Because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. It is 49 meters long and 2.8 meters high and took 465 bags of cement to build.

Sand dam construction was undertaken simultaneously with the construction of a hand-dug well which gives community members a safe method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, a huge supply of water will be available for drinking from the adjacent hand-dug well.

To see that hand-dug well, click here.

“Working on sustainable water projects such as sand dams and shallow wells is a good way of increasing water access in our area,” said Mr. Gideon Mutie.

“We are grateful to God for having completed the implementation of this project in the wake of several challenges faced. The dam and well will be helpful to the whole community since water will be readily available from within the village.”


The Water Project : 17-kenya18182-finished-sand-dam-construction


05/22/2018: Kivani Community Sand Dam Project Underway

A clean water shortage around Kivani Community still affects hundreds of lives, draining time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!




Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.



Contributors

Project Sponsor - Pineapple Fund