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The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Finished Sand Dam
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Trenching
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Trenching
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Trenching
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Cement We Delivered
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Sand Dam Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Harvesting Stones
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Transporting Materials To The Site
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Stones Gathered For Construction
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Mary Samson
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Soap Training
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Soap Training
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Training
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Community Tour And Mapping
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Self Help Group Members
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Fetching Dirty Water
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Fetching Dirty Water
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Fetching Dirty Water
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Fetching Dirty Water
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Fetching Dirty Water
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Fetching Dirty Water
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Mbiti Latrine
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Mbiti Kitchen
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Mbiti Household
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Mbiti Household
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Mbiti Household
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Elijah Mbiti
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Angelina Nzuna
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Kithunzi Latrine
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Kithunzi Water Containers
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Kithunzi Household
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Kithunzi Household
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Kithunzi Household
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Kithunzi Household
The Water Project: Munyuni Community -  Lenah Kithunzi

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Mar 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Munyuni Village is in Mwingi, which is more than 300 kilometers away from our office. Based on the distance involved, we had to spend the night at Mwingi Town and wake up early in the morning to visit Munyuni. It is found in a peaceful, rural setting with steep slopes and narrow footpaths. The area is very dry with sparse vegetation. Most of the locals have built houses made of bricks and iron sheets.

The people of Munyuni depend on open, dirty water sources to meet their drinking, cooking, and cleaning needs. They have to walk long distances to the Ikuyuni River, so most families have invested in donkeys. The river appears dry at first glance, but people dig holes in the sandy riverbed until water fills the bottom. These holes are left open overnight and sate the thirst of wild animals, too.

The community population of 689 is too high for such little water, so the riverbed is often overcrowded. The seasonal nature of the scoop holes means water sometimes gets used up by the end of the day, forcing locals to wake up early in the morning so as to get enough water.

“We have suffered for many years as residents of Munyuni Village because of perennial water shortages. The available water is from river scoop holes and is sometimes colored which has led to many cases of stomach problems being reported by locals after using the water. As a community, we have been brought together by water challenges and are now ready to bring our unity of strength by working together in implementing water projects in our village,” said Nziu Munyu Self-Help Group member Angelina Nzuna.

Community members practice a variety of activities to sustain their families. Men are the main family workforce in bringing food to the table. 81% of people in this community depend on casual labor, 14% on farming, and 5% on business activities to earn money.

The community also needs support for personal hygiene and household cleanliness. Though the severe water shortage forces people to sacrifice when it comes to cleaning, there is also a need for new knowledge and other tools for people to stay healthy. Not every family has a pit latrine, and only a few have handwashing stations.

“Our levels of hygiene and sanitation in Munyuni Village are below average because we lack enough water supply. This makes our efforts to keep high levels of cleanliness difficult,” continued Mrs. Nzuna.

“By working together on community water projects, we hope to collectively work on the projects and bring water close to everyone in our locality, which will contribute towards improved levels of hygiene and sanitation.”

What we can do:

Our main entry point into Munyuni Community has been the Nziu Munyu Self-Help Group, which is comprised of local farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands in feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Training

Our trainers visited households when they were in Munyuni to interview family members and observe their environment. These visits help our trainers build a pertinent training schedule for this community.

A variety of activities are planned that will get participants involved in learning about the importance of latrines, handwashing stations, dish racks, and water treatment.

Sand Dam

Building this sand dam at a spot fon the Nziuni River in Munyuni will bring water closer to hundreds of people. After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 26.55 meters long and 6.2 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to hundreds living in this region.

Project Updates


03/12/2019: Munyuni Community Sand Dam Complete

Munyuni Community, Kenya now has a new source of water thanks to your donation. A sand dam was constructed on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. Community members also attended hygiene and sanitation training, and plan to share what they learned with their families and neighbors.

New Knowledge

Our training officer worked with the team to arrange for a three-day Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) training. This kind of training helps identify existing health issues and the bad practices causing them so that the community can brainstorm potential solutions. Once they agree, they’re in a good place to draft an action plan to see these new practices adopted in each household.

The participation level of the community members was very high as they were very active throughout the training. There were many questions asked, which was a clear indication that the attendees were interested in the topics. Men were more active than women, and were always eager to volunteer for demonstrations. Additionally, they portrayed the zeal to learn as they kept requesting for an extension of the training.

There were several topics covered over the three days, not limited to:

– mapping the community


– calculating the cost of a good latrine vs. the cost of treating diseases that result from improper waste disposal
– how germs spread
– choosing the barriers
– action plan
– electing a sanitation committee
– how to make soap

A part of mapping the community was actually getting up from our seats and touring Munyuni. People identified the places where there’s the most activity, along with areas where people are going to the bathroom. We stopped at these areas and discussed how open defecation is contaminating water sources, food, and many other things. This was a very impactful activity because everyone realized how their drinking water gets contaminated and why they’re getting sick.

The group stopped during the community tour and talked about how easily water can get contaminated.

The following is 60-year-old Mary Samson’s testimonial about what she learned:

This training has been very inspirational and growth-enhancing to us. We have learned a lot on hygiene and sanitation and we intend to adopt all the new ways taught. It’s vital for every homestead to have a functional latrine, to protect our water sources, and caring for our health by treating water – this saves us the money that would be used on treatment.

The CLTS training has also enlightened us on effective ways of preventing the spread of diseases, thus reducing the death rates that are heightened by waterborne diseases. Poverty rates will also reduce as the money spent on treatment at hospitals will be channeled to other income-generating projects. It has been a very beneficial training and I am personally very grateful for it. I will construct a latrine in my compound but near the roadside so that passers-by can utilize it to avoid open defecation.

Mary Samson

The entire group was inspired by Mary’s willingness to construct a public latrine by the road, and has vowed to support her as she does so.

Sand Dam

Construction for this huge sand dam was successful!

“We are very impressed that the water point has already harnessed gallons of fresh water which will be used by the community members. As of now, the group members are already planning to conduct farm projects which will help us reap maximum benefits… We would like to express immense gratitude towards the construction of the project in our community,” said Mary Samson.

“The distance we covered initially has reduced tremendously and less time is expended on fetching water.”

The Process:

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand that were required for successful completion of the dam. They also provided unskilled labor to support our artisans. The collection of raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction. For a super large sand dam, materials collection could take up to four months.

While community members delivered and and stones to the construction site, we provided cement, lumber, metal, and tools.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established a firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and twisted bar are used to reinforce the mixture. Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold the sludge and rocks up above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

As soon as it rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile.

It could take up to three years of rain (because sometimes it only rains once a year!) for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity. It is 26.55 meters long and 6.20 meters high and took 870 bags of cement to build.

Sand dam construction was undertaken simultaneously with the construction of a hand-dug well that will give community members a safe method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more sand, a huge supply of water will be available for drinking from the adjacent hand-dug well.

Thank You for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 40-kenya18307-finished-sand-dam


02/12/2019: Munyuni Community Sand Dam Project Underway

A severe clean water shortage in Munyuni Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. People walk miles just to find water. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a water point nearby and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 15-kenya18307-fetching-dirty-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.



Contributors

Project Underwriter - Unika Stenhus
State of Washington
2 individual donor(s)