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The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Complete Dam
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Water Gathers Behind The Complete Dam
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Rocks For Construction
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Community Women Help Mix Cement
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Dam Construction
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Dam Site Work Begins
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Dam Wall Cement Dries
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Soapmaking Exercise
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Community Activity At The Training
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Community Mapping
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Community Reviews Diagrams
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Community Training Activity
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Hygiene And Sanitation Training
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Water Storage Container
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Water Containers At The Water Source
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Shg Members
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Mary Muthangwa
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Livestock Pen
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Latrines
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Kitchen Fireplace
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Hauling Water
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Hanging Clothes On The Line
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Donkey Carries Water
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Donkey Carries Water
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kasekini Community -  Agnes Ndanu

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Apr 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



The Kasekini area appears a lot more densely populated than the surrounding villages. The region is relatively hilly with partially motorable roads. Like most other parts of Mwingi, the dominant vegetation seems to be the indigenous trees, mostly the thorny acacia. There is a wider range of vegetation at the hillsides.

Most of the people seem to be living below the poverty line, with the village dotted with small homesteads of tiny houses, mainly made of mud or bricks. Yet, there is a feeling of great harmony among the people and a deep sense of hope and optimism as we talk to them.

However, access to water is a significant challenge for the more than 1,900 people here. The area has red loamy soils, which looks very fertile, with a great potential for crop production if only they can have sufficient water supply. During the driest months of the year, the day for most female beneficiaries starts at 4am in search of water.

An unprotected well, located 2km from the village center, is used during the few rainy months of the year. But it runs dry quickly and people must walk further to the nearest river bed found more than 5km away to fetch water from scoop holes. The water in both sources is heavily contaminated by human and animal activities. That exposes community members to the risk of contracting waterborne diseases from drinking the water. The time spent fetching water and the illnesses caused by the drinking it is a drain on this community.

“Water scarcity is a great challenge to us all. Often, we don’t have any,” Mary Muthangwia said.

“Sometimes, the water we drink causes our illnesses. And for us as women, it really makes our chores a challenge.”

Our main entry point into Kasekini Community is the Makasini Self-Help Group, which is comprised of 40 farming households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. With a community of more than 1,900 people, we will work with this group for up to 5 years on projects that will ensure that every person has improved access to a reliable water point. These members will be our hands in feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

What we can do:

Sand Dam

After the community picked the spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 37.5 meters long and 4.3 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with these sand dams, hand-dug wells (check out the hand-dug well being installed next to this dam) will be installed to give locals a good, safe way to access that water.

With these projects, clean water will be brought closer to hundreds of people in Kathamba Ngii Village of Mwingi, Kenya.

Training

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with Makasini Self-Help Group, which are also open to non-members. These will teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish in the community at the personal and household levels. Taking good care of self and environment will make for a healthy community.

Most households have poor compound hygiene and their general hygiene and sanitation standards are low. In relation to this, they need improvement on compound hygiene, effective water treatment methods, handwashing training, soap making lessons and knowledge of disease transmission routes. The members of this group seem to have little knowledge of hygiene and sanitation. This also exposes them to risks of contracting diseases such as cholera, typhoid, diarrhea and stomachaches.

Project Updates


05/28/2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Kasekini Community

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Kasekini, Kenya.

We trained community members on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19.

Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

– Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

– Proper handwashing technique

– The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

– Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

– Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

– What social distancing is and how to practice it

– How to cough into an elbow

– Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

– How to make and properly wear a facemask.

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point.

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.


The Water Project : kenya19205-covid19-handwashing-3


04/03/2020: Kasekini Community Sand Dam Complete!

Please note, all photos in this report were taken before social distancing recommendations went into effect.

Kasekini, Kenya now has access to a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new sand dam was constructed on a sandy riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water.

“We are very happy. The completion of this water project represents a very important milestone for everyone here and future generations to come!” said John Mukuta, a farmer who lives in the community.

“We are looking forward to a more water-secure community and healthier people through good service from the water project. It is such an amazing achievement. May God bless our donors for their good work.”

Dam fills with water

We worked with the Makaseni Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor to complete the project. In addition, they were trained on various skills such as bookkeeping, financial management, project management, group dynamics, and governance. We also conducted a hygiene and sanitation training to teach skills like soapmaking and to help improve behaviors such as handwashing.

Thumbs up for the water available at the well adjacent to the sand dam

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them.

Sand Dam

The community members collected all of the locally available materials like rocks and sand that were required for the successful completion of the dam. They also provided labor to support our artisans. The collection of raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction. For a large sand dam, materials collection could take up to 4 months.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and rebar are used to reinforce the mixture.

Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold up the sludge and rocks above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

This dam measures 37.5 meters long and 4.3 meters high and took 640 bags of cement to build.

Sand dam construction was simultaneous to the construction of a hand-dug well, which gives locals a safer method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more water, more of it will be accessible as drinking water from the well. To see that hand-dug well, click here.

As soon as it rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile. It could take up to 3 years of rain for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity, however, since sometimes it only rains once a year!

New Knowledge

The trainer conferred with the field staff about their previous visits to households and interviews with community members to determine which topics the community still could improve upon.

They decided to train on topics including health problems in the community; good and bad hygiene behaviors; how diseases spread and their prevention; choosing sanitation improvements; choosing improved hygiene behaviors; planning for behavioral change; handwashing; and soapmaking.

The attendance was as expected with a good number of expected participants turning up for the event. The area village administrator, Mr. Joshua, in charge of Kiini village came to join the training in the afternoon and was very impressed with the theme of the training and termed it a very educative training for the entire community.

The weather was favorable since it was during the rainy season yet there was no day when the training was interfered with by rains. There was enough shade and a very conducive environment that allowed the training to run smoothly.

All members participated equally. All showed interest and were willing to learn and take part in the training. They asked plenty of questions in all of the activities and discussed deeper on how they can stop open defecation in their area.

Mixing soap

“This is the first time this group has received a hygiene training. We have never had an opportunity to meet an organization that is willing to help us live a disease-free life through a hygiene training. For that reason, we are going to change greatly,” said John Mukuta.

“We have learned from community mapping that all the feces after open defecation go into our water sources, thus contaminating them. We will be ambassadors of hygiene through toilet construction.”

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya19205-complete-dam


02/03/2020: Kasekini Community sand dam underway!

Dirty water is making people in Kasekini Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : kenya19205-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.


Contributors

YourCause, LLC Trustee for AIG
The Well Church of Lewisville
Parkville Presbyterian Church
D. A. Davidson
United Way of Greater Kansas City
North Dunedin Baptist Church
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority - Natchez Alumnae Chapter
McMaster - Carr Supply Company
Kerrisdale Elementary School
Eric Valentine
Teespring
Rose of Sharon Family Christian Center
Teespring
Frontstream
United Way Worldwide
Charities Aid Foundation of America
CyberGrants, LLC
Kieran Mohammed
59 individual donor(s)