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The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  New Sand Dam Plaques
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training And Outreach
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training And Outreach
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training And Outreach
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training And Outreach
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training And Outreach
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training And Outreach
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training And Outreach
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training And Outreach
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training And Outreach
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training And Outreach
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training And Outreach
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Charles Mutiso Years
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Mixing Soap
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Monica N
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Nicholas Kisyula Years Chairman
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Outdoor Training
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  People Sit At Training
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Soapmaking
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training Demonstration
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Training Poster
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Complete Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Complete Sand Dam
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Dam Complete
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Dam Delayed By Rains
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Dam Nears Completion
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Digging
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Scaffolding The Dam
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Shg Members At The Completed Dam
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Trenching
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Trenching
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Woman Carrying A Rock
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Working On Wing Walls
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Carrying Heavy Stone
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Cement Bags
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Construction Site
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Sand For Mixing With The Cement
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Shg Members Work At The Job Site
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  At The Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Collecting Water From The Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Community Members At The Proposed Well And Dam Site
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Community Members Get Water At A River Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Filling Up Container
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Filling Up Container With Water
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Line Up Containers At The Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Ruth Kioko
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Agnes Musyoka
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Scooping Water
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Shg Members Collecting Materials For Construction
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Chicken Coop
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Chicken Coop
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Cooking Area
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Disk Drying Rack
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Garbage Pit
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Latrines And Tippy Tap For Handwashing
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Tippy Tap Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Zipporah Wanza Mutua
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Zipporah Wanza Mutua Stands At Her Home
The Water Project: Kiteta Community -  Carrying Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Oct 2020

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 05/25/2021

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Water scarcity is a great challenge in South Eastern Kenya. Most rivers flowing in this area are seasonal – they only flow during the rainy seasons. Afterward, the communities are faced with water scarcity challenges such as walking for long distances to access water and then having to dig scoop holes to fetch water from open water sources which lead to contracting waterborne diseases.

The residents of Kiteta and Muluti villages are fortunate. The Tawa River is relatively close to them, but for the nearly 2,500 people living in the area it is not a reliable source. That is changing.

Our main entry point into Kiteta Community has been the Muka Self-Help Group, which is comprised of households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members are our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone. We started working with this group last year and completed our first project together. But one water point and dam are not enough to support 2,500 people. For some, it is not close enough.

“The water point has been very helpful to our community because less time is spent fetching water. However, walking to the water point and coming back home has been very hectic because the water source is very far,” said Mutinda Muatha to our field team.

“The terrain that leads to the water point is very rough and steep which is risky for carrying water. At times, when we are sent to get water we get back home late which delays the duties to be done at the household level.”

We typically work with self-help groups for 3 to 5 years on multiple water projects to ensure that everyone has access to a reliable water source. Because some people are still using open sources to meet their daily water needs.

“On very tough days, I fetch water from nearby scoop holes and the water is usually not clean because livestock depend on the same sources,” said farmer Agnes Musyoka.

The water she is fetching is not safe. The water attained from the scoop holes is contaminated and exposes the community members to risks of contracting waterborne diseases such as typhoid, brucellosis, cholera, and dysentery, among others.

Most of the community members here rely on subsistence agriculture farming to make a living. They depend greatly on access to water in order to ensure that their crops succeed each of the growing seasons. Ms. Musyoka said she sometimes resorts to paying for water, but it is hard to afford it – hence why she turns to the scoop holes.

Many young adults migrate to urban regions to seek employment. Others remain to work in other casual labor jobs such as motorcycle taxi driving, construction, working on people’s farms, and selling charcoal at Tawa market.

What we can do:

Sand Dam

After the community picked the ideal spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints. We estimate the dam will be 68 meters long and 5 meters high.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with this sand dam, a hand-dug well will be installed to give community members an easy, safe way to access that water.

Building this sand dam along with the well in this community will help bring clean water closer to hundreds of people living here.

Training

These community members currently do their best to practice good hygiene and sanitation, but their severe lack of water has been a big hindrance to reaching their fullest potential.

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with the Muka Self-Help Group and other community members to teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish at the personal, household, and community level. This training will help to ensure that participants have the knowledge they need to make the most out of their new water point as soon as water is flowing.

One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will conduct follow-up visits and refresher trainings during this period and remain in contact with the group after all of the projects are completed to support their efforts to improve sanitation and hygiene.

Project Updates


01/29/2021: Kiteta Community Hand-dug well complete

Please note, many photos in this report were taken before social distancing recommendations went into effect.

Kiteta, Kenya now has access to a new source of water thanks to your donation. A new sand dam was constructed on a sandy riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water.

We worked with the Muka Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and physical labor to complete the project. In addition, they were trained on various skills such as bookkeeping, financial management, project management, group dynamics, and governance. We also conducted a hygiene and sanitation training to teach skills like soapmaking and to help improve behaviors such as handwashing.

When an issue arises concerning the water project, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our team of field officers to assist them.

Sand Dam

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand that were required for the successful completion of the dam. They also provided labor to support our artisans. The collection of raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction. For a large sand dam, materials collection could take up to 4 months.

Siting and technical designs were drawn and presented to the Water Resources Management Authority and a survey sent to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before construction started. Once approved, we established a firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, excavation is done up to a depth at which the technical team is satisfied that the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Then mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) is mixed and heaped into the foundation. Rocks are heaped into the mortar once there is enough to hold. Barbed wire and rebar are used to reinforce the mixture.

Once the foundation is complete, a skeleton of timber is built to hold up the sludge and rocks above ground level. The process is then repeated until a sufficient height, width, and length are built up. The vertical timber beams are dismantled and the dam is left to cure.

This dam measures 69 meters long and 5 meters high and took 1050 bags of cement to build.

Sand dam construction was simultaneous to the construction of a hand-dug well, which gives locals a safer method of drawing water. As the sand dam matures and stores more water, more of it will be accessible as drinking water from the well. To see that hand-dug well, click here.

With the recent rains, the dam will begin to build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile. It could take up to 3 years of rain for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity, however, since sometimes it only rains once a year!

New Knowledge

The group's chairperson, Mr. Nicholus K. Kisyula, was notified about the scheduled training by the area field officer, Paulson Mukonzi, and informed the group members during the final processes of their sand dam construction.

The trainer conferred with the field staff about their previous visits to households and interviews with community members to determine which topics the community still could improve.

They decided to train on topics including health problems in the community, good and bad hygiene behaviors, how diseases spread and their prevention; choosing sanitation improvements; choosing improved hygiene behaviors, planning for behavioral change; handwashing, and soapmaking.

More than 30 people attended, including two village elders. The training was conducted at their sand dam site; the environment was friendly and conducive as it provided sufficient space for movement and demonstrative learning.

The most memorable topic was on personal hygiene and COVID-19 disease. During the discussion of this topic, we explained to the community members about the signs and symptoms of the disease and how to protect themselves against contracting it.

"The training has been very educational for us. Skills about soapmaking have been advantageous for the community members. Sanitation is emphasized in the sustainable development goals and is a cornerstone in the fight against poverty," said Nicholas Kisyula, a farmer who attended the training.

"The lack of basic sanitation puts millions of lives at risk hence the increasing morbidity and mortality rates. We feel that we are now capable of raising an independent society thanks to the knowledge imparted. The availability of water at our sand dam alongside the skills taught will help us, in the long run, to be financially secure.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya20304-dam-complete


11/30/2020: Kiteta Community sand dam underway!

Dirty water is making people in Kiteta Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : kenya20304-20305-line-up-containers-at-the-scoop-hole


Project Videos


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - Lifeplus Foundation