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The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Discussion
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Group Activity
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Handwashing
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Participants
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Participation
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Soap Making
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Taking Notes
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Tippy Tap Constructed
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Tippy Tap
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Training Plan
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Training
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Trying It Out
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Francesca Mutuku
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Joseph M
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Gathering Stone
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Dam And Well Site
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Hauling A Rock For Construction
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Moving Stone
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Women At Work
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Lumbar
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Working At The Project Site
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Just A Few Stones
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Building Sand Dam Wall
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Building Up The Sand Dam
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Celebrating At The New Dam
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Celebrating At The New Dam
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Community Members Working On The Dam
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Complete Sand Dam
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Dam Construction Site
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Dam Is Nearly Done
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Dam Job Site
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Dam View As It Nears Completion
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Dam Wall Progress
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Dam Walls Get Closer To Completion
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Digging At The Dam Site
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Filling In Trenches For Wing Walls
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Scaffolding For Sand Dam Walls
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Trenching For Dam
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  View Of The Dam
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  View Of The Dam Construction
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Water Begins To Gather Behind Dam In Progress
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Wing Wall Progress
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Working On The Dam Walls
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Working On The Exterior Of The Walls
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Hooray
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Digging Down
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Early Stages
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Excavation
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Excavation
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Getting Ready
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Trenching
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Trenching
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Getting Taller
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Phase Two
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Walls
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Almost Level
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Last Level
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Nearly Tall Enough
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Phase Three
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  So Many Stones
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Taller
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Walls
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Nearly There
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Note Done Yet
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Wall Construction
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Phase Five
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Sand For Walls
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Sand
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Completed
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  From Above
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  From Below
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Ready For Rain
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Carrying Rocks
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Hooray
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  All Done
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Proud
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  So Tall
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Thumbs Up
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  At The Open Source
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Collecting Water At The Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Filling Container At Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Filling Up Scooped Water
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Raphael Mathendu
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Open Water Pool
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  River
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Scoop Hole
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Scooping Water At The Open Source
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Compound
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Compound
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Walking To Latrine
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Yathui Community -  Rachel Mwende

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Jan 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



The daily routine for the people living in Yathui, Kenya, starts between 5:00 am and 6:00 am. This is when the community members have to wake up to go to the river to dig scoop holes for fetching water. The distance covered to bring the water is very far, which makes the chore of fetching water very time-consuming. Their river is seasonal and often dries up during the dry season, making the locals walk for long distances to alternative water sources that are far from their homes to fetch water.

It takes more than two hours to walk to the river, fetch water, and walk home for some people. A lot of money is spent purchasing water for use while it could be used for other income-generating activities.

“Our children have to spend a lot of their time fetching water instead of studying. We have to keep buying vegetables treated with unknown chemicals, unlike if we had water to establish our own vegetable gardens. A lot of our time is spent on fetching water,” added Rachel Mwende.

Some 500 people here rely on this water point that is far away and often crowded. The people fetching water – usually women and girls – spend a lot of time at the water source waiting their turn to fetch water. For those without donkeys, the strain is deeper as they have to ferry their jerrycans on their backs and return to the water point several times per day until they fetch enough water for use.

“I have to pay water vendors to deliver water for use at my home, which is expensive. The vendor delivers six jerrycans of water, which I have to use sparingly to meet all my needs for four days. We often struggle to get enough drinking water,” said Raphael Mathendu, a 52-year-old farmer.

Community members with donkeys typically fetch four jerrycans in the morning, getting back at midday. The morning water typically goes toward household chores such as washing clothes, dishes, and cooking. They return in the afternoon to bring more water for evening uses. A lot of time is spent in search of water.

What we can do:

Our main entry point into Yathui Community has been the Maluti Women Self-Help Group, which is comprised of households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Sand Dam

After the community picked the ideal spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with this sand dam, a hand-dug well will be installed to give community members a comfortable, safe way to access that water.

Building this sand dam and the well in this community will help bring clean water closer to hundreds of people living here.

Training

These community members currently do their best to practice good hygiene and sanitation, but their severe lack of water has hindered their fullest potential.

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with the Maluti Women Self-Help Group and other community members to teach about essential hygiene practices and daily habits to establish at the personal, household, and community levels. This training will ensure that participants know they need to make the most out of their new water point as soon as the water is flowing.

One of the most important topics we plan to cover is handling, storing, and treating water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

The community and we firmly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We typically work with self-help groups for 3 to 5 years on multiple water projects. We will conduct follow-up visits and refresher training during this period and remain in contact with the group after all of the projects are completed to support their efforts to improve sanitation and hygiene.

Project Updates


01/11/2022: Yathui Community Sand Dam Complete!

Yathui, Kenya now has access to a new source of water thanks to your donation. We constructed a new sand dam on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water. We also constructed a new hand-dug well with a hand pump adjacent to the sand dam, providing the community with a safer method to draw drinking water supplied by the dam.

"[This sand dam] will enable me to easily get water for drinking, bathing, and washing my uniforms," said six-year-old Joseph M. "My mother will not get tired of walking for long distances to fetch water. This will allow for preparation of meals on time."

"I will use the water for farming and for improving my hygiene and sanitation at home by washing hands, making soap, and also ensuring my family bathes on a daily basis," said Francesca Mutuku, 50.

Sand Dam Construction Process

The community members collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand required to complete the dam. The collection of raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction, lasting up to four months for a large sand dam. The group also dedicated their time and energy to support our artisans with physical labor throughout the project.

First, our team drew siting and technical designs and presented them to the Water Resources Management Authority. We also sent a survey to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before we began construction. Once approved, we established firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, we excavate to a depth at which the ground is firm enough to stop seepage.

Next, we mixed and heaped mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) into the foundation, followed by rocks once there was enough mortar to hold them. We then used barbed wire and rebar to reinforce the mixture.

Once the foundation was complete, we built a timber skeleton to hold up the sludge and rocks above ground level. We then repeated the process until reaching a sufficient height, width, and length.

Finally, we dismantled the vertical timber beams and left the dam to cure. This dam measures 64 meters long and three meters high.

As soon as it rains, the dam will build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile and the well will provide drinking water to the community. It could take up to three years of rain for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity, because sometimes it only rains once a year!

We worked with the Maluti Women's Self-Help Group for this project. The members and their families contributed materials and a tremendous amount of physical labor.

New Knowledge

Our trainer conferred with the field staff about their previous visits to households and interviews with community members to determine which topics the community could improve upon.

We decided to train on health problems in the community, good and bad hygiene behaviors, the spread and prevention of disease, choosing sanitation improvements, planning for behavioral change, handwashing, and soapmaking.

Raphael Muasya Mathendu, chairman of the self-help group, said, "As a community, there will be a lot of change in our lives and our hygiene and sanitation practices. Additionally, the skills that we have been taught will be key in generating income. I anticipate my life to improve thanks to the training that we have received."

All the members of the group participated fully during the training by asking questions, adding informative comments in relation to their day-to-day activities, and joking as well. Their active participation made the entire session very fun and enjoyable.

The group members expressed the most interest in learning about COVID-19, where they were excited to dispel some of the myths and misconceptions they had picked up about how the virus can be spread.

When asked about how the community plans to respond to COVID-19 after the training, Francesca said, "We will start washing our hands with clean running water and soap. We will establish handwashing tippy taps to ensure we wash hands at all times. We will also continue wearing masks at all times in public places. Soap-making will now be very key in ensuring all community members wash their hands and protect themselves against contracting the virus. If we continue practicing proper hygiene and sanitation and all the guidelines given, we will manage to control the spread of the virus and suppress it."

When an issue arises concerning the well, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact our field officers to assist them.

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya21420-0-hooray-2


11/29/2021: Yathui Community Sand Dam Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Yathui Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya21420-21421-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.


Contributors

1 individual donor(s)