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The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Compound
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Lucy Kanini_member
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Person Carrying Water
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Lucy Kanini_member
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Francis Mwendwa_secretary
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Compound
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Caroline Masaa
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Caroline Carrying Water
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Latrines
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Water Sources
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Francis Mwendwa_secretary
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Lucy Kanini_member
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Caroline Masaa
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Community Activities
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Water Sources
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Animal Pen
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Compound
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Garbage Pit
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Handwashing Station
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Landscape
The Water Project: Thonoa Community Sand Dam -  Landscape

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  05/28/2022

Project Features


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Those close to the water scoophole in Thonoa Community are lucky: their trip to fill up their jerrycans only take a half-hour to an hour. They might be able to make more than one trip per day. They’re likely have water to spare for such things as watering crops, washing clothes, cleaning latrines, and personal hygiene. But, unfortunately, not everyone lives so close.

“I don’t get enough water to drink, [or] for my cattle,” said Lucy Kanini, a 42-year-old farmer (pictured above).

“I experience water scarcity problems because there is insufficient water at home for drinking and maintaining proper hygiene,” said Caroline (pictured below), who is 14 years old. “I also have to carry water to school, which leads to exhaustion due to long distances.”

For most of the 130 people in Thonoa, the journey to and from the water point—a distance of 7 kilometers (4.34 miles)—takes around four hours. The area is hilly and brutally hot, which makes the journey that much harder.

During the dry season, life in Thonoa is beyond difficult. Lack of rain leaves the rivers and crops dry. People who normally grow their own food must sell their livestock to get enough money to buy food and water.

Lucy explained: “The water scarcity in this region has inconvenienced my efforts in farming because I cannot plant much crops during the dry months.”

“My parents’ level of income reduces because they [cannot] cultivate crops during the dry season, which ultimately affects my studies,” Caroline said. “They cannot raise enough [money for school] fees or [to] buy books.”

Thonoa’s water is not only difficult to collect, but it also causes health problems: both directly from the people drinking contaminated water from the scoopholes, and indirectly, because people can’t get enough water to clean themselves or their environments.

“My family does not get enough water for hygiene and sanitation, which poses a threat to our health due to hygiene-related infections, such as COVID-19,” Lucy said.

Caroline said: “The water from the scoop holes is contaminated, making me sick occasionally and unable to attend classes.”

The community members cannot practice proper dental hygiene and body care due to water insufficiency. Most members of the community are unable to clean their dishes after each meal. Laundry is also an occasional affair. Not only is this damaging to people’s physical health, but also to their dignity as human beings.

What we can do:

Our main entry point into the community is the Ndithi Tuinuke Self-Help Group, which is comprised of households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Sand Dam

After the community picked the ideal spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with this sand dam, a hand-dug well will be installed to give community members an easy, safe way to access that water.

Building this sand dam along with the well in this community will help bring clean water closer to hundreds of people living here.

Training

These community members currently do their best to practice good hygiene and sanitation, but their severe lack of water has been a big hindrance to reaching their fullest potential.

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with the TKTK Self-Help Group and other community members to teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish at the personal, household, and community level. This training will help to ensure that participants have the knowledge they need to make the most out of their new water point as soon as water is flowing.

One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We typically work with self-help groups for 3 to 5 years on multiple water projects. We will conduct follow-up visits and refresher trainings during this period and remain in contact with the group after all of the projects are completed to support their efforts to improve sanitation and hygiene.

We're just getting started, check back soon!


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.


Contributors