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The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Hooray
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Thank You Fxbuilds
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Thank You Fxbuilds
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Thank You Fxbuilds
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Thank You Fxbuilds
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Thank You Fxbuilds
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Thank You Fxbuilds
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Thank You Fxbuilds
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Thumbs Up
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  We Did It
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Tree Nursery
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Thriving Farm
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Christine Muthoka
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Christine
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phillis Ndoi
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phillis Ndoi
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Training
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Almost Ready
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Construction Materials
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase I
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase I
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase I
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase I
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase I
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase I
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Ii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iii
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iv
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iv
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iv
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iv
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iv
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iv
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iv
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iv
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iv
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iv
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Phase Iv
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Complete Sand Dam
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Complete Sand Dam
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Sand Dam
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Sand Dam
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Sand Dam
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Alex N
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Locals Fetching Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Chicken Coop
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Latrine And Bathing Area
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Community Activity
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Compound
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Locals Fetching Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Compound
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Latrine And Bathing Area
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Water Source
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Locals Fetching Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Family Members
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Locals Fetching Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Locals Fetching Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Compound
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Locals Fetching Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Latrine And Bathing Area
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Locals Fetching Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Clothes Lines
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Locals Fetching Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Water Source
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Water Source
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Locals Fetching Water
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Clothes Lines
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Garbage Pit
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Community Activity
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Joel Kikumbi
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Francis K
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Latrines
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Clothes Lines
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Chicken Coop
The Water Project: Nthonzweni Community 1A -  Kitchen

Project Status



Project Type:  Sand Dam

Regional Program: Southeastern Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 1,296 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Aug 2022

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

During the wet season, the 1,296 community members of Nthonzweni have several options for water close to home. But in the dry season, their options disappear. This area receives little rainfall, so the community members’ only option half of the time is to travel long distances to search for overcrowded, contaminated water sources, like the Ivoesyo River.

As a child, Francis K.’s only worries should be studying and playing. But as he explained, his days are dominated by the constant search for water. “I struggle a lot to fetch water. We only get water when there are rains. When there are no rains, I have to walk for long distances to fetch water at the river.”

The journey to the river eats up more than two hours of Francis’s time every day.

“By the time I get back home, I am very tired and I have to also do my homework,” Francis continued (he’s pictured above). “This often results in poor performance in school, as I have no time to study when I come home.”

But time is not the only factor in Nthonzweni’s water crisis. The water is open to all forms of contamination: farm chemicals, animal waste, and human waste. Due to the inadequate water supply, the community members are unable to sustain proper cleanliness, hygiene, and sanitation within their homesteads. Because of this, they report constant cases of typhoid, amoeba, and dysentery.

This problem is further aggravated by the community’s inability to collect enough water for everyday uses, as 56-year-old farmer, Joel Mutua Kikumbi (pictured below), explained. “There is always inadequate water for use at home, either for washing clothes, bathing, cleaning the house/[dishes], drinking, and cooking, because the water source is far from my home.”

“Anytime I try farming, the crops wither and die,” Joel continued. “I waste a lot of time walking to search for water. My livestock are not healthy as they do not get enough water for drinking.”

What we can do:

Our main entry point into the community is the Kyeni Kya Nthonzweni Self-Help Group, which is comprised of households that are working together to address water and food scarcity in their region. These members will be our hands and feet in both constructing water projects and spreading the message of good hygiene and sanitation to everyone.

Sand Dam

After the community picked the ideal spot, our technical team went in and proved the viability by finding a good foundation of bedrock. Now, our engineers are busy drawing up the blueprints.

We are unified with this community to address the water shortage. As more sand dams are built, the environment will continue to transform. As the sand dams mature and build up more sand, the water tables will rise. Along with this sand dam, a hand-dug well will be installed to give community members an easy, safe way to access that water.

Building this sand dam along with the well in this community will help bring clean water closer to hundreds of people living here.

Training

These community members currently do their best to practice good hygiene and sanitation, but their severe lack of water has been a big hindrance to reaching their fullest potential.

We will hold hygiene and sanitation training sessions with the TKTK Self-Help Group and other community members to teach about important hygiene practices and daily habits to establish at the personal, household, and community level. This training will help to ensure that participants have the knowledge they need to make the most out of their new water point as soon as water is flowing.

One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We will also emphasize the importance of handwashing.

We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We typically work with self-help groups for 3 to 5 years on multiple water projects. We will conduct follow-up visits and refresher trainings during this period and remain in contact with the group after all of the projects are completed to support their efforts to improve sanitation and hygiene.

Project Updates


08/01/2022: Nthonzweni Community Sand Dam Complete!

Nthonzweni, Kenya now has access to a new water source thanks to your donation! We constructed a new sand dam on the riverbed, which will build up sand to raise the water table and naturally filter water over time. We also built a new hand-dug well with a hand pump adjacent to the sand dam, providing the community with a safer method to draw drinking water supplied by the dam.

"I will use water from this point to drink, cook and wash clothes," said 37-year-old farmer Christine Muthoka.

"Hygiene and sanitation levels shall improve at home," said Christine. "I also plan to start agricultural farming. In this way, I will never waste money purchasing vegetables from the market. I will use water from this source to wash and clean my home. I will plant trees and flowers at my home to make the environment green."

Christine on the day of our hygiene and sanitation training.

Sand Dam Construction Process

The members of Kyeni Kya Nthonzweni Self-Help Group collected all of the local materials like rocks and sand required to complete the dam. The collection of raw construction materials takes longer than the actual construction, lasting up to four months for a large sand dam. The group also dedicated their time and energy to support our artisans with physical labor throughout the project.

Construction materials ready to go!

First, our team drew siting and technical designs and presented them to the Water Resources Management Authority. We also sent a survey to the National Environment Management Authority for approval before we began construction.

Once the plans were approved, we established firm bedrock at the base of the sand dam wall. In the absence of good bedrock, we excavate to a depth at which the ground is compact enough to stop seepage.

Next, we mixed and heaped mortar (a mixture of sand, cement, and water) into the foundation, followed by rocks once there was enough mortar. We then used barbed wire and rebar to reinforce the mixture.

Once the foundation was complete, we built a timber skeleton to hold the sludge and rocks above ground level. Once our first layer dried, we repeated the process until reaching a sufficient height, width, and length.

Finally, we dismantled the vertical timber beams and left the dam to cure. This dam measures seven meters long and four meters high and took 1,131 bags of cement to build.

As soon as it rains, the dam will build up sand and store water. With this water, the surrounding landscape will become lush and fertile, and the well will provide drinking water to the community. It could take up to three years of rain for this sand dam to reach maximum capacity because in this region, sometimes it only rains once a year!

New Knowledge

Our trainer conferred with the field staff about previous household visits and interviews with community members to determine which topics the community could improve upon.

The training was held at the home of community member Samson Musyoki. It was chosen for its central location, making it easily accessible to all, and the availability of enough outdoor space to accommodate all the participants.

We decided to train on health problems in the community, good and bad hygiene behaviors, the spread and prevention of disease, and sanitation improvements. We also covered various skills, including bookkeeping, financial management, project management, group dynamics, and governance. We included techniques like soapmaking and handwashing.

Community members found the session on soapmaking very interesting because it was a new skill that could help them generate additional income. Because the soapmaking process takes time to complete, participants began discussing how they intend to use the soap to increase their incomes, and each person had time to share their ideas with the group.

"I am very happy to have had such a great opportunity to learn about hygiene and sanitation. I learned a lot which I have already started practicing," said Philis Ndoi, a 30-year-old farmer.

Philis continued, "Now, I know how to make soap, and so far, I have made some hoping to sell. I am well equipped to teach others how to make soap and use it. Getting to know how to control diseases is a plus for me and my family. We will not let diseases prevail in our homes, whereas I have the capability to keep this away by just washing my hands. The hygiene and sanitation levels at my home are projected to improve greatly."

With water from the well, community members have started thriving farms and tree nurseries.

Conclusion

This project required a substantial collaboration between our staff, our in-country teams, and the community members themselves. When an issue arises concerning the sand dam, the group members are equipped with the necessary skills to rectify the problem and ensure it works appropriately. However, if the issue is beyond their capabilities, they can contact their local field officers to assist them.

Also, we will continue to offer them unmatchable support as a part of our monitoring and maintenance program. We walk with each community, problem-solving together when they face challenges with functionality, seasonality, or water quality. Together, all these components help us strive for enduring access to reliable, clean, and safe water for this community.

With your contribution, one more piece has been added to a large puzzle of water projects. In our target areas, we’re working toward complete coverage of reliable, maintained water sources within a 30-minute round trip for each community, household, school, and health center. With this in mind, search through our upcoming projects to see which community you can help next!

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : kenya22510-1-we-did-it-4


03/29/2022: Nthonzweni Community 1A Sand Dam Underway!

A severe clean water shortage in Nthonzweni Community drains people’s time, energy, and health. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the introduction and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation, and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : kenya22510-22511-locals-fetching-water-5


Project Videos


Project Photos


Project Type

Sand Dam

Seasonal streams (and the sand they carry) are trapped by dams, replenishing the water table and allowing for adjacent hand-dug wells. Almost completely led by community-supplied sweat and materials, and under the supervision of engineers, dams are strategically placed within those dry river-beds. The next time it rains, flood-waters are trapped.

With a sand dam, this trapped sand begins to hold millions of gallons of rainwater. Soon enough, sand reaches the top of the dam, allowing water to continue downstream – where it meets the next dam. The result? A regional water table is restored.


Contributors

Project Sponsor - WebFX