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The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -
The Water Project: Makhele Spring Catchment Project -

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Program: IcFEM Water Projects

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase: 
Community Managed
Implementing Partner Monitoring Data Unavailable
Initial Installation: Oct 2013

Project Features


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Community Profile

This project is part of IcFEM’s WaSH program, which includes multiple water source schemes as well as substantial community level hygiene promotion, and training on project operation and maintenance. 

What follows is a brief project outline direct from our partner: 

The spring is found in Mlimani village of Sirakaru sub-location, Kabuyefwe Location in Bungoma County. Residents in this area are farmers mainly growing maize, beans and vegetables.

Though the area is well endowed with more than enough rainfall, the people in this region suffer from a perennial water problem. Due to high poverty levels, the locals are unable to tap into the heavy downpour because it requires them to invest in gutters for their houses. 

As such, many people depend on springs and seasonal rivers. Makhele spring is one such spring supplying water to an expansive area across 5 villages. The spring has never been protected and the residents draw the not-so-clean water from the ground making them prone to water borne diseases. The spring’s protection will be a huge relief and a worthy intervention to safeguard life.

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Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!