Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Program: IcFEM Water Projects

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase: 
Community Managed
Implementing Partner Monitoring Data Unavailable
Initial Installation: Mar 2013

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is part of IcFEM's WaSH program, which includes multiple water source schemes as well as substantial community level hygiene promotion, and training on project operation and maintenance.

What follows is a brief project outline direct from our partner:

Peresten spring is located in Peresten village, Ngachi sub-location, Cheptais location in Mt Elgon, Bungoma County. The region is highly productive with adequate amounts of rainfall and coffee is the main cash crop for the locals. They also grow peas, beans, maize and vegetables. The population of Peresten is about 2800 people. (Editor's Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people.  To learn more, click here.)

Despite the area being richly endowed with resources, it has been at the centre of inter-clan and interethnic conflicts resulting in the deaths of hundreds of residents and displacement of thousands. Until the government deployed the military in 2007, a militia group called the Sabaot Land Defence Force (SLDF) terrorised residents as a result of ethnic differences in the allocation of land in the settlement scheme. This scenario has rendered many people in the area poor and hopeless.

Peresten spring is a major source of water for the people in this area. The water is used by a nearby school, the villagers as well as Cheptais town. There is a huge potential for agricultural activities like growing vegetables using the spring because it has a lot of water.

The people made an attempt to protect the spring in 1969 but the work was poorly done resulting in an overflow of water. Locals draw water from a distance of 25 metres from the protected area of the spring where the clean water apparently mixes with the dirty one but they still use it anyway. This exposes them to the risk of diseases. As such, protecting the spring will be a major benefit to the people as well as the school, the local health centre and Cheptais town in general.

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Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!