Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 285 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Oct 2016

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 02/09/2024

Project Features

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Community Profile

Welcome to the Community

For a normal day in Lwesero Community, women and girls wake up at 5am to prepare breakfast for the rest of their family members. At around 6:30am, they leave for Emukoko Spring to fetch water for the rest of the household chores. On average, a local must make 8 -10 trips in a day to collect enough water for watering animals, cooking, cleaning, and drinking.

At around 8am people head over to their farms tend sugarcane and maize, while others take their animals to graze. Others try to make a living selling goods as petty traders.

After preparing lunch, women and men have separate community meets; women have women's group, and men have men's group until about 5pm. When women return home, it's time to go to the river again to fetch water for preparing supper.

Water Situation

On learning that Emuyokha Spring in a neighboring village is protected and sparing people their time and health, the leadership at Emukoko Spring sent in their own application for a project. They know that as long as their Emukoko Spring is still unprotected, they will continue to suffer from waterborne disease. Some locals even decided to start making the trek two kilometers away to Emuyokha, since they heard it was safe. This very long journey back and forth for water wastes a huge amount of time for women and children, and has resulted in a greater conflict at home.

After visiting Emukoko Spring for ourselves, it was easy to see the need for a spring protection project. Locals dunk a small container directly in the spring to fill a larger jerrycan, which normally holds 20 liters. Small children can start with a five-liter jerrycan, but the bigger the better! More water means less trips to the spring. But more dirty water isn't good - Due to a lack of awareness about water pollution, many locals wash clothes, water animals, and even bathe in the spring. Farming is also done very close to the water, resulting in various chemical fertilizers and pesticides washing into the spring's water during rains.

Once a woman or child totes their full container back home, it is consolidated in a larger 100 to 200-liter barrel.

The village leader, Alfred Makuba, speaks about this situation:

"We are very happy for what WEWASAFO is doing in our community; they protected Emuyokha Spring and the beneficiaries have increased, as well as resulted to reduced rates of waterborne diseases. Beneficiaries from Emukoko Spring have been walking over 2km to access safe water at Emuyokha Spring!

Due to the distance most people, especially children, opt for the water from Emukoko Spring though it's unprotected. This has caused rampant cases of diarrhea diseases and especially stomachaches, typhoid and amoeba."

A lot of money is spent on treating complications from drinking Emukoko Spring's water, and is probably a key reason for poverty in this village. And if women and children want to find a source of cleaner water, a lot of time and potential is wasted that could have been used economically.

Sanitation Situation

No more than half of households have a pit latrine. Open defecation is a huge issue in this area! Any latrines that we saw are in a dilapidated and dangerous state. Women and children fear using these latrines, and thus opt for relieving themselves in the open. Mary Makovi (picture can be found in the "See Photos & Video" section), a mother who lives near Mukoko Spring said that "We don’t have a toilet, as our toilet collapsed so we go to the bush. We go at night and during the day it's difficult to hide from people. It would be much better to have toilets here as women we shall have our privacy and have a sense of dignity. It would be a lot cleaner and the children would suffer from diarrhea a lot less."

No more than half of households have useful tools like dish racks or clotheslines to help safely dry their belongings. We saw that indeed a few people know a little about good hygiene and sanitation, but the majority needs to learn.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training and Sanitation Platforms

Community members will be trained for three days on a variety of health, hygiene and sanitation topics. This training will result in community members donning the roles of community health workers and water user committee members. The training facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Training), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), and ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development) methods to teach community members, especially the women and children who feel the burden of household responsibility. Training will equip each person with the knowledge needed to practice viable and effective health solutions in their homes and at the spring.

By the end of training, participants will also have identified five needy families to benefit from sanitation platforms. Sanitation platforms are concrete floors for latrines that are safe and easy to clean. Five new places to use the bathroom will help create a cleaner living situation for the entire community. One of those needy families may be Mary's!

Plans: Spring Protection

Locals are eagerly preparing for this spring protection project. They have agreed to gather the local materials needed for construction, which include sand, ballast, hardcore, bricks, fencing poles, and even a few helpful hands! Emukoko Spring's yield is already fairly high, so now we will work on protecting this reliable source to make it a clean source, too!

Project Updates

June, 2020: COVID-19 Prevention Training Update at Lwesero Community, Emukoko Spring

Our teams are working on the frontlines of the COVID-19 pandemic. Join us in our fight against the virus while maintaining access to clean, reliable water.

Facilitators present the prevention reminders chart

We are carrying out awareness and prevention trainings on the virus in every community we serve. Very often, our teams are the first (and only) to bring news and information of the virus to rural communities like Lwesero, Kenya.

Social distancing

We trained more than 14 people on the symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention of COVID-19. Due to public gathering concerns, we worked with trusted community leaders to gather a select group of community members who would then relay the information learned to the rest of their family and friends.

Trainer Rose leads handwashing session

We covered essential hygiene lessons:

- Demonstrations on how to build a simple handwashing station

- Proper handwashing technique

- The importance of using soap and clean water for handwashing

- Cleaning and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces including at the water point.

Handwashing demonstration

We covered COVID-19-specific guidance in line with national and international standards:

- Information on the symptoms and transmission routes of COVID-19

- What social distancing is and how to practice it

- How to cough into an elbow

- Alternative ways to greet people without handshakes, fist bumps, etc.

- How to make and properly wear a facemask.

Practicing 10 steps of handwashing

During training, we installed a new handwashing station with soap near the community’s water point, along with a sign with reminders of what we covered.

Due to the rampant spread of misinformation about COVID-19, we also dedicated time to a question and answer session to help debunk rumors about the disease and provide extra information where needed.

Community Health Volunteer reacts to the training

We continue to stay in touch with this community as the pandemic progresses. We want to ensure their water point remains functional and their community stays informed about the virus.

Community member washes his hands

Water access, sanitation, and hygiene are at the crux of disease prevention. You can directly support our work on the frontlines of COVID-19 prevention in all of the communities we serve while maintaining their access to safe, clean, and reliable water.

December, 2017: A Year Later: Mukoko Spring

A year ago, generous donors helped build a spring protection and sanitation platforms for the community surrounding Mukoko Spring in Kenya. Because of these gifts and our monthly donors, partners are able to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Amadaro Allan, with you.

Project Photos

Project Type

Springs are water sources that come from deep underground, where the water is filtered through natural layers until it is clean enough to drink. Once the water pushes through the surface of the Earth, however, outside elements like waste and runoff can contaminate the water quickly. We protect spring sources from contamination with a simple waterproof cement structure surrounding layers of clay, stone, and soil. This construction channels the spring’s water through a discharge pipe, making water collection easier, faster, and cleaner. Each spring protection also includes a chlorine dispenser at the waterpoint so community members can be assured that the water they are drinking is entirely safe. Learn more here!

A Year Later: Mukoko Community

September, 2017

“The community members now have access to clean, safe and adequate water. The spring discharges water at a speed of 41 seconds to fill a 20 Liter containers. Women in this community now draw water easily from the spring as water trickles from a pipe. It saves them time compared to the previous years where they would spend a lot of time scooping dirty, contaminated water at the spring.”

Keeping The Water Promise

There's an incredible community of monthly donors who have come alongside you in supporting clean water in Lwesero Community.

This giving community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Lwesero Community maintain access to safe, reliable water. Together, they keep The Water Promise.

We’re confident you'll love joining this world-changing group committed to sustainability!

A year ago, generous donors helped build a spring protection and sanitation platforms for the community surrounding Mukoko Spring in Kenya. Because of these gifts and our monthly donors, partners are able to visit project sites throughout the year, strengthening relationships with communities and evaluating the actual water project. These consistent visits allow us to learn vital lessons and hear amazing stories – we’re excited to share this one from our partner, Amadaro Allan, with you.


The community around Mukoko Spring continues to experience changes with their protected water source.  Alfred Makuba, an elder in the village shares, “The water at this spring is clean and safe for drinking unlike how it was before the protection. Women and children can now easily fetch water at the spring and at the same time save time for other chores.”  Alfred claims that the number of disease cases arising from water are now very minimal in the community.

The children in the community are also noticing a difference.  Beatrice Makovi, age 13, says, "Life has changed for us as it is now easy for us to fetch water at the spring.”  The time Beatrice initially spent fetching water has been reduced and she says it has helped her concentrate more on her books and school work as she finishes her chores early.


WEWASAFO will continue supporting the Mukoko community to ensure that clean water is consistently available.  WEWASAFO also teaches the community how to keep the water clean until it is used or consumed. In addition WEWASAFO trains and challenges the community to build and maintain clean latrines. Mr. Makuba reports the collective work in their village: “The spring's and household's sanitation status has been upheld by community members with the trained community health volunteers making rounds in the village ensuring households are clean.”

While it may seem like one spring is just a drop in the bucket, Mukoko Spring continues to provide safe drinking water and many people are freed to pursue their own vision for a flourishing life.  We are excited to stay in touch with this community and to report the news as they continue on their journey with clean water.


The Water Project and our partners are committed to consistent monitoring of each water source. Our monitoring and evaluation program, made possible by monthly donors, allows us to visit communities up to 4 times a year. Read more about our program and how you can help.

Navigating through intense dry spells, performing preventative maintenance, conducting quality repairs when needed and continuing to assist community leaders to manage water points are all normal parts of keeping projects sustainable. The Water Promise community supports ongoing sustainability programs that help Lwesero Community maintain access to safe, reliable water.

We’d love for you to join this world-changing group committed to sustainability.

The most impactful way to continue your support of Lwesero Community – and hundreds of other places just like this – is by joining our community of monthly givers.

Your monthly giving will help provide clean water, every month... keeping The Water Promise.


1 individual donor(s)