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The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Mary By Her Water Containers
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Mary At Her Homestead
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Household
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Household
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Household
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Household
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Mulambala Spring

Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 240 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date:   (Explain This?)  05/31/2018

Functionality Status: 

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

A normal day for the people of Shihingo begins very early in the morning when they get up to eat breakfast. They want to get out to their farms in the morning hours to beat the hot noontime sun. If an adult doesn’t spend the majority of their time on a farm, then they’re out looking to get hired by others for manual labor.

Farmers use a lot of what they grow to nourish their families, selling the surplus at the local market. This area is special because it is on the highway that connects three counties: Kakamega, Bungoma and Uasin-Gishu. This gives small businesses great opportunities to sell their products to those traveling to and fro.

Mr. Lukulu is the village elder here, and he is the one who formally reached out for help.

Water Situation

Hundreds in Shihingo rely on Mulambala Spring’s water for cooking, drinking, and cleaning. Mr. Lukulu says that this spring has existed for a very long time.

A little bridge has been constructed over the spring so that people can access to the deepest part without getting their feet wet. Women carry 20-liter jerrycans that they plunge under the water in an attempt to fill it, but they must use a smaller container to fill it the rest of the way.

This spring is entirely open to contamination. It is even worse after it rains, when rain washes debris into the water. There is algae floating on top, and the water itself is murky. After drinking this water, community members suffer from diarrhea, coughs, stomachaches, headaches – often ending in a typhoid diagnosis.

Sanitation Situation

While the majority of families have pit latrines, we found them to be old and dangerous. Wooden slats were used for the floor, which are finally beginning to rot away thanks to termites, weather, and overuse. It is not unheard of for these floors to break while the latrine is being used, resulting in injury or death for its user! We look forward to telling them how to not only build latrines, but how to maintain them too.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Recent Project Updates

02/23/2018: Shihingo Community Project Underway

Shihingo Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation! Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Mulambala Spring, and contend with the consequences on a daily basis. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training.

Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families here. Please take some time to get to know your community through the narrative and pictures posted to this page. We look forward to reaching out again with good news!

The Water Project : 2-kenya18089-current-water-source

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Project Photos

Project Data

Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Kakamega, Shihingo
ProjectID: 18089


McGraw-Hill Helping Hands Program
2 individual donor(s)

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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.