Loading images...
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Spring Protection
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Spring Protection
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Spring Protection
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Spring Protection
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Spring Protection
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Men Helping Sift Sand For Construction
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Training
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Mary By Her Water Containers
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Mary At Her Homestead
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Household
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Household
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Household
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Household
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Shihingo Community -  Mulambala Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 240 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - May 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 09/30/2018

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

A normal day for the people of Shihingo begins very early in the morning when they get up to eat breakfast. They want to get out to their farms in the morning hours to beat the hot noontime sun. If an adult doesn’t spend the majority of their time on a farm, then they’re out looking to get hired by others for manual labor.

Farmers use a lot of what they grow to nourish their families, selling the surplus at the local market. This area is special because it is on the highway that connects three counties: Kakamega, Bungoma, and Uasin-Gishu. This gives small businesses great opportunities to sell their products to those traveling to and fro.

Mr. Lukulu is the village elder here, and he is the one who formally reached out for help.

Water

Hundreds in Shihingo rely on Mulambala Spring’s water for cooking, drinking, and cleaning. Mr. Lukulu says that this spring has existed for a very long time.

A little bridge has been constructed over the spring so that people can access the deepest part without getting their feet wet. Women carry 20-liter jerrycans that they plunge under the water in an attempt to fill it, but they must use a smaller container to fill it the rest of the way.

This spring is entirely open to contamination. It is even worse after it rains when rain washes debris into the water. There is algae floating on top, and the water itself is murky. After drinking this water, community members suffer from diarrhea, coughs, stomachaches, headaches – often ending in a typhoid diagnosis.

Sanitation

While the majority of families have pit latrines, we found them to be old and dangerous. Wooden slats were used for the floor, which are finally beginning to rot away thanks to termites, weather, and overuse. It is not unheard of for these floors to break while the latrine is being used, resulting in injury or death for its user! We look forward to telling them how to not only build latrines but how to maintain them too.

What we can do:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


05/10/2018: Shihingo Community Project Complete

Shihingo Community now has clean water! Mulambala Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held on Mr. Lukulu’s land, which is just a few meters from the spring. The venue was chosen because of all the trees that provided shade on such a hot day. It was also convenient to talk about how the spring works and how to make sure it lasts for years to come.

There was a great turnout. Thanks to Mr. Lukulu spreading the news about how important clean water, sanitation, and hygiene are for being healthy, we were able to train 19 community members.

The field officer clearly communicated the areas of needed improvement for Shihingo, which included the following topics and more:

– Handwashing and personal hygiene

– Handling water and food hygienically

– Safe waste disposal

– Water treatment

Community members practicing the 10 steps of handwashing.

We took the group over to the spring site so that the artisan could help us explain how things work.

Discussing ways to manage and maintain the spring protection.

Mrs. Sylvei Shihafu is a farmer who sacrificed her valuable time to learn these important things.

“I lack words to express my happiness for…our spring for protection and for today’s powerful training on sanitation, hygiene, and other topics,” she said.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hardcore (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too. Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor.

Men sifting sand that the artisan will mix with cement.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The artisan using a level to check the wall.

The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. We had the chance to celebrate with two of the first women who arrived to fetch clean water from the spring. Their smiles were contagious, proof that the clean water flowing in Shihingo is already causing hope and opportunity to blossom.

Mr. Lukulu

Mr. Lukulu beamed as he watched the clear water flow from the pipe.

“Waterborne diseases for us have now become a thing of the past! As you can see, the new water source discharges clean water that’s free from any form of contamination, unlike before,” he said.


The Water Project : 19-kenya18089-clean-water


02/23/2018: Shihingo Community Project Underway

Shihingo Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation! Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Mulambala Spring, and contend with the consequences on a daily basis. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training.

Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families here. Please take some time to get to know your community through the narrative and pictures posted to this page. We look forward to reaching out again with good news!


The Water Project : 2-kenya18089-current-water-source


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

McGraw-Hill Helping Hands Program
2 individual donor(s)