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The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Mosquito Net Being Used As Fencing
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Food For Dinner Being Carried By The Same Wheelbarrow Used For Manure
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Dangerous Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Maize Plantation
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Community
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Sheba Atuta
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Current Water Source

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 465 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  05/31/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

Ivulugulu Village is located in Kakamega County, Kenya. It is home for 465 people from 42 different households. The day begins at 6am with children preparing for school and their parents doing household chores. Once children are seen out the door, their parents disperse to farms, markets, and businesses to earn a living. Many others travel in search of manual labor jobs that put them on farms or construction teams.


Ishangwela Spring is a main source of water for these people, who use it to meet their drinking, cooking, and cleaning needs.

People dunk their jerrycans and buckets under the surface until full. It’s used up right when delivered back home, which means that next time water’s needed, a woman or child is back at Ishangwela Spring fetching more.

This water is contaminated, and gets even worse after heavy rains – which wash dirt and debris down slopes and right into the spring. After drinking this water, community members often suffer from diarrhea, headaches, and stomachaches – if they can afford treatment at a clinic, they’ll learn they have typhoid.


At least 10 households don’t have their own pit latrine – and opt to go outside behind bushes and trees when nobody else is around. We checked out the latrines that others have, and found that many of these are dangerous for their users. The floors are made of logs which are hard to clean and susceptible to rot. When that happens, it’s not unheard of for a person to fall through the floor into the pit. This community not only needs more latrines, but they need safer ones.

There are a handful of hand-washing stations and other helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines – but there’s a big need for more.

Mrs. Sheba Atuta told us, “The health of this community is in a state of imbalance due to shortage of clean drinking and insufficient sanitation facilities. There is ongoing open defecation among people who lack latrines. Besides, most of the pit latrines just have logs as the slab, and they are smelly and full of flies.”

Here’s what we plan to do about it:


Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also inform the community about what they need to contribute to make the construction for this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Finally, a committee will be formed that oversees operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior and delegate tasks that will help preserve the water point, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over.

Spring Protection

Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water, which means the water will be safe, clean, and adequate.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates

03/15/2018: Ivulugulu Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Ishangwela Spring is making people in Ivulugulu Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 3-kenya18094-current-water-source

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


1 individual donor(s)