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The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Finished Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Curing
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Filling In The Spring Box
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Filling In The Spring Box
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Excavation
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Bringing Materials To The Site
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Woman Carrying Materials To The Artisan
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Patrick Lumumba
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Solar Disinfection
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Shebah Atutah
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Mosquito Net Being Used As Fencing
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Food For Dinner Being Carried By The Same Wheelbarrow Used For Manure
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Dangerous Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Maize Plantation
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Community
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Sheba Atuta
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Ivulugulu Community -  Current Water Source

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 465 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - May 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

Ivulugulu Village is located in Kakamega County, Kenya. It is home for 465 people from 42 different households. The day begins at 6am with children preparing for school and their parents doing household chores. Once children are seen out the door, their parents disperse to farms, markets, and businesses to earn a living. Many others travel in search of manual labor jobs that put them on farms or construction teams.

Water

Ishangwela Spring is a main source of water for these people, who use it to meet their drinking, cooking, and cleaning needs.

People dunk their jerrycans and buckets under the surface until full. It’s used up right when delivered back home, which means that next time water’s needed, a woman or child is back at Ishangwela Spring fetching more.

This water is contaminated, and gets even worse after heavy rains – which wash dirt and debris down slopes and right into the spring. After drinking this water, community members often suffer from diarrhea, headaches, and stomachaches – if they can afford treatment at a clinic, they’ll learn they have typhoid.

Sanitation

At least 10 households don’t have their own pit latrine – and opt to go outside behind bushes and trees when nobody else is around. We checked out the latrines that others have, and found that many of these are dangerous for their users. The floors are made of logs which are hard to clean and susceptible to rot. When that happens, it’s not unheard of for a person to fall through the floor into the pit. This community not only needs more latrines, but they need safer ones.

There are a handful of hand-washing stations and other helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines – but there’s a big need for more.

Mrs. Sheba Atuta told us, “The health of this community is in a state of imbalance due to shortage of clean drinking and insufficient sanitation facilities. There is ongoing open defecation among people who lack latrines. Besides, most of the pit latrines just have logs as the slab, and they are smelly and full of flies.”

Here’s what we plan to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also inform the community about what they need to contribute to make the construction for this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Finally, a committee will be formed that oversees operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior and delegate tasks that will help preserve the water point, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over.

Spring Protection

Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water, which means the water will be safe, clean, and adequate.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


05/15/2018: Ivulugulu Community Project Complete

Ivulugulu Community now has clean water! Ishangwela Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

We started telling people about the importance of good hygiene and sanitation as soon as we set foot in Ivulugulu. The village elder and Mrs. Sheba Atuta went around their community inviting everyone to attend these sessions. We were happy to find 20 community members who opted to sacrifice valuable time on their farms for information that can benefit them in the long run.

Mrs. Sheba Atuta offered up her spacious yard for training. Most participants sat on wooden chairs, while others found a comfortable sitting place on rocks or soft grass. A moderate amount of sunshine provided vitamin D that was enjoyed as the training went on.

There was a lady who had just gotten married and moved to this village from Central Kenya, and she did not understand the native language. She only knew her mother tongue, which no other person but her husband could understand. There were also two old women in the group could not understand Kiswahili.

After a lengthy discussion, it was agreed that the training should be carried out in the native language, Luhya. The new bride still wanted to attend training and just observe the practical sessions. Then, later on, she would learn every detail from her husband who was one of the other participants.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods like solar disinfection, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things. Since we were near the spring, we could run through hands-on management and maintenance demonstrations.

Learning about how to keep clean water flowing!

They most enjoyed the demonstrations for brushing teeth and were surprised at how many little things they had been doing wrong. Since they had already been helping the artisan around the spring, they were particularly interested in learning about all the routine chores they should do to care for their new clean water source. It was obvious they’ve already taken great responsibility for the success of this project.

Mr. Patrick Lumumba is a retired teacher who found training particularly enlightening.

“I count myself blessed,” he said during the training.

“Even though I’m a learned person, I was never taught what we have learned here today in school or college. This kind of information is very rare, and I wish I got it earlier. It has come when most of my teeth have been extracted and I’ve suffered a lot of health challenges due to ignorance,” he continued.

“However, I will start practicing all that we have been taught here and my household will learn the same from me. Do the same for yourself and your household so that we be healthy people!”

The training has already brought about positive changes in the village. People have already dug a drainage system above their water source to prevent contamination when it floods. Many homes now have dish racks, clotheslines, and have improvised handwashing facilities. Their compounds are very tidy.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Thumbs up for a safe latrine floor that’s easy to clean!

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too. Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Excavation to make way for a stable foundation.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination.

Different layers protect the flowing water from contamination.

Since this is normally a very muddy area, people would often slip, fall, and suffer injuries when going back and forth to fetch water. The artisan advised community members to help him do some extra work for this spring protection project – to collect a lot of extra stones to be arranged around the spring. This has kept the surrounding area much drier and tidier, free from mosquitoes and mud.

Everyone in the village, even those from the neighboring villages, can now easily get clean water from Ishangwela Spring!

Mr. Geoffrey Amara was one of the first people there.

“I no longer have to carry a tin around to use for drawing water because fetching water is now very easy. I just place my container under the discharge pipe then the water falls in until it’s full! Getting to the drawing area has also been made easy and comfortable by the staircases and stones arranged in the route leading to, and the area surrounding our spring,” he said.


The Water Project : 28-kenya18094-clean-water


03/15/2018: Ivulugulu Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Ishangwela Spring is making people in Ivulugulu Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 3-kenya18094-current-water-source


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

1 individual donor(s)