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The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Sanitation Platform In Latrine
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Sanitation Platform In Latrine
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Excavation And Foundation Construction Materials
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Excavation And Foundation Construction Materials
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Transporting Construction Materials
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Transporting Construction Materials
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Transporting Construction Materials
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Water Treatment Training
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Water Treatment Training
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Spring Management Training
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Latrine Floor
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Garden Fenced With Mosquito Net
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Household
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Working On The Farm
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Millicent Onyiego
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  David Onyiego
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Going To Fetch Water
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ulagai Community -  Current Water Source

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 238 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 09/21/2018

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

Ulagai Village is full of hardworking individuals who wake up as early as 6am to start their daily chores. The children get ready for school as women work to make breakfast. The men head out to their farms as soon as possible to beat the rising sun. The women finish up household chores before either joining their husbands on the farm or taking the produce they’ve harvested to sell at the local market.

Water

The entire village of about 238 people rely on Aduda Spring for all of their water. They dunk their containers under the surface to get water for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and irrigating their crops during the dry months.

Aduda Spring is entirely open to contamination, especially with people dunking their hands and containers directly into the water. When it’s particularly busy, some people even resort to getting their water as it drains away. We fear that contaminants like farm fertilizer, motorbike oil from the nearby repair shop, and animal feces are in this water.

The consequences are obvious, with people constantly suffering from waterborne diseases like typhoid and cholera.

Sanitation

Less than a quarter of households have a pit latrine. There’s no doubt people are just going outside in the bushes, due to this low coverage. This waste isn’t properly disposed of and endangers the community in numerous different ways. Many of the latrines we observed pose a danger for their users, with wooden floors that rot away.

There are no hand-washing stations nor are there helpful tools like dish racks or clotheslines. Garbage is piled up and attracts animals that spread it around the community.

“We suffer as a community because of ignorance. If we could find proper training on water, sanitation and hygiene we would be better placed. I urge you to please come and do this training to help my people,” Mrs. Millicent Onyiengo said.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


08/01/2018: Clean Water in Ulagai Community

Ulagai Community now has clean water! Aduda Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Village Elder Mahadho moved from house to house, requesting each family to send at least one representative to hygiene and sanitation training. He later followed up to ensure that there would be a thorough, gender-balanced representation.

Attendance was higher than we or the village elder expected. Some homes sent more than one person to training! The community had been told all about the training by students attending Lihanda Mixed Secondary School, so they were eager to get first-hand knowledge of what those students had told them about good health.

The peacefulness brought by the shady trees created the perfect environment for our workshop. Trainees sat on plastic chairs while others found a comfortable place on benches that were made of wooden slats found around Mr. Madara’s compound.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Spring protection was near completion, so we could take training participants to the site to learn about care and maintenance.

Some participants had been told a lot of new information by CTC (child to child) health club members of Lihanda Mixed Secondary School. Students told them about the importance of replacing rusty iron roofs with new ones when they’re being used to harvest rainwater. Based on this previous knowledge, the training participants also asked us whether it was safe to keep on using dish racks made of rusty iron sheets, as was common in their village. People had mixed reactions to this question – some people argued that rust could just be wiped away with a cloth, and then the utensils would be clean.

A very good example of a rusty dish rack was found at the very compound where the training was carried out. After observing and learning, everyone understood that it was very dangerous to put dishes on rusty iron sheets! In the end, the few people that had previously challenged the idea promised to build new dish racks that wouldn’t rust.

“This training brought more enlightenment to us. Ulagai will never be the same again!” Michael Otieno admitted.

Indeed, the training has already born fruits. New sanitation facilities and health promotion were taken up immediately. Many homes now have dish racks made of wood, a good number of homes have bought clotheslines, and compounds are neatly swept and tidy.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The process of protecting Aduda Spring began with clearance and excavation of the site so that a foundation could be built to specified standards. Stones were packed together for the first layer, and the foundation slab was made paved so that walls could be built up. Delivery pipes, inlets, a draw-off pipe and overflow inlet screen were fitted. A pipe was installed in the collection box to direct water from the reservoir to a concrete and plastic spring box.

Stairs were built for easy access. The cement was plastered with a final waterproof mixture and ceramic tiles were fixed below the discharge pipe to make sure the cement doesn’t wear away. The area behind the discharge pipe was then backfilled with stones and sand. Finally, more community members helped us dig proper drainage so that no water will pool and attract mosquitos.

As soon as the artisan finished backfilling, community members could not wait any longer to wash their hands and legs with the flowing water. This was followed by fetching it in jerricans to use for washing clothes and other afternoon cleaning purposes.

The community has been encouraged to plant vegetables to sell to nearby schools like Sinaga Girls’ High School and Lihanda Mixed Secondary School. They always need to buy kales for students to eat. Proceeds from the sales will be used for spring maintenance. In the meantime, every household has been requested to give 20 shillings ($0.20) monthly to be saved just in case it’s needed.

“This new spring is easily accessible and the water we drink is now very safe. I strongly believe diseases will be minimized so that we get ample time to work on our farms,” Village Elder Mahadho said.


The Water Project : 21-kenya18100-clean-water


04/21/2018: Ulagai Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Aduda Spring is making people in Ulagai Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more. Since actual construction is starting a little later than planned, we’ve moved the expected completion date back to 8/31.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 2-kenya18100-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Jefferson County School District
Bio Ouster