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The Water Project: Musango Community B -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Musango Community B -  Kitchen
The Water Project: Musango Community B -  Latrine
The Water Project: Musango Community B -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Musango Community B -  Household
The Water Project: Musango Community B -  Household
The Water Project: Musango Community B -  Household
The Water Project: Musango Community B -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Musango Community B -  Current Water Source

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 250 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  05/31/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

Most people are farmers in this part of Musango, specializing in maize and groundnuts. Some plant sugarcane though, since that is always easily sold to local sugar factories. Many of these same farmers also tend to dairy cows. All daylight is spent on the farm, while the evening hours are for selling produce and milk at the trading center.

Some children go to school, while others stay at home and play with friends while their parents are on the farm.

Water Situation

Community members told us that Dawi Spring provides water for drinking, cooking, and cleaning. The water is clearly contaminated, with algae growing on the surface. Jerrycans are dunked under the surface and brought home to store in large 100-liter barrels.

Children are those who suffer most after drinking contaminated water, contracting sicknesses like typhoid and cholera.

Mr. Mapesa Daraja said, “We have used dirty water for a very long time, and this has caused lots of diseases for this community. People eat well, but water is still a big problem.”

When a family is in dire need of safe drinking water, someone will have to walk extremely far, over two kilometers, to a neighboring community’s protected spring.

Sanitation Situation

Over half of the households in this area have pit latrines made of soil and mud. Even fewer have other sanitation tools like dish racks and clotheslines while none have hand-washing stations.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates

03/16/2018: Musango Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Dawi Spring is making people in Musango Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 2-kenya18107-current-water-source

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


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