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The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Filling The Spring Box
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Filling The Spring Box
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Filling The Spring Box
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Bricks Gathered For Construction
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Training Participants
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Training
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Latrine
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Latrine
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Community Member Picking Up
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Grazing Cattle By Spring
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Maize Farm
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Household
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Household
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Passing River For Bathing
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Miriam Mwenje
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Current Water Source

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 140 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - May 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

A normal day in Musango begins when women wake up early in the morning to fetch water in order to get their children off to school and do household chores. Once they get all of the household chores done, they move on to weeding and watering their garden or farm. Men go out with their motorbikes which they use to taxi people around. Maize is the crop produced most in this community because it sells well.

Water Situation

A 70-year-old community members says that Ham Mwenje Spring has been there since he was born.

The water is contaminated by chemicals, algae, and feces. It’s even worse when it rains as things are washed downhill into the water. Animals are free to come and go as they please to drink from and defecate in the water.

Many have come to trust this water source to meet all of their needs. They believe it is safe for drinking. Others disagree, saying they spent too much of the past year treating family members suffering from waterborne diseases like typhoid and cholera. Diarrhea is a common symptom that many accept as normal.

Sanitation Situation

Less than a quarter of households in the area have a basic pit latrine. As for personal hygiene, most people bathe in a huge river that passes through the area.

There are some sanitation structures in the community such as clotheslines, but a lot of important sanitation structures are missing: pit latrines, compost pits and hand-washing stations.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


05/24/2018: Musango Community Project Complete

Musango Community now has clean water! Ham Mwenje Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Community members elected Violet Seth to the organizing secretary of this water point and all of the happenings around it. She was highly responsible as our contact person who helped us arrange hygiene and sanitation training for this area of Musango.

She organized and recruited community members who were very excited about this opportunity in just two days time. Attendance was higher than we expected. Since the spring is such a busy hub for the community, it proved a great venue that attracted even more participants as the training went on. There was a constant total attendance of at least 17 community members. This was a unique group because of the number of elderly people who came and were willing to learn.

We handed out new notebooks and pens so people could record or draw what they were learning.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Training was held at the spring so that the men helping our artisan could also listen and learn.

We visited later and saw that they established handwashing stations of their own at their various homesteads. We saw those who didn’t have dish racks or clotheslines begin gathering the materials to build them, while others were busy tidying up their home environments.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

These smooth and stable latrine floors are much safer and easier for people to clean.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

Excavating the area to make way for the foundation.

Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. This was one of the longest parts of construction; the spring box was so large that it took a lot of time to gather the stones, gravel, and sand they needed to fill it up. It took about two weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

Filling the source area or ‘spring box’ with materials that will keep contamination out of the water.

All of the community members who were waiting to drink clean water met us and the elders at Ham Mwenje Spring. They had been patiently, yet eagerly, waiting for completion of the project, and for it to be officially handed over for their use.

“When I gave birth to my firstborn child, I was affected with typhoid from drinking water from this unprotected spring. I spent a lot of money treating it for quite some because this spring was open to contamination,” Mrs. Lilian Were said.

“I thank God it is protected and it will reduce waterborne diseases.”


The Water Project : 22-kenya18114-clean-water


03/16/2018: Musango Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Ham Mwenje Spring is making people in Musango Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 3-kenya18114-carrying-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Yakima Foursquare Church