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The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Latrine
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Latrine
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Community Member Picking Up
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Grazing Cattle By Spring
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Maize Farm
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Household
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Household
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Passing River For Bathing
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Miriam Mwenje
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Musango Community C -  Current Water Source

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 140 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  05/31/2018

Project Features

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Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

A normal day in Musango begins when women wake up early in the morning to fetch water for getting their children off to school and doing household chores. Once they get all of the household chores done, they can move on to weeding and watering their garden or farm. Men go out with their motorbikes which they use to taxi people around. Maize is the crop produced most in this community because it sells well.

Water Situation

A 70-year-old community members claims that Ham Mwenje Spring has been there ever since he was born. Many have come to trust this water source to meet all of their needs, and many of them believe it is entirely safe for drinking. Others were more realistic, admitting that they had spent way too much this last year in treating waterborne diseases like typhoid and cholera. Diarrhea is a common symptom that many have accepted as normal.

The water is contaminated by chemicals, algae, and feces. It’s even worse when it rains as things are washed downhill into the water. Animals are even free to come and go as they please.

Sanitation Situation

This community has some sanitation structures such as clotheslines, but there’s still a lot of important sanitation structures missing: such as pit latrines, compost pits and even hand-washing stations. Less than a quarter of households in the area have a basic pit latrine.

As for personal hygiene, most people bathe in a huge river that passes through the area.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates

03/16/2018: Musango Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Ham Mwenje Spring is making people in Musango Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!

The Water Project : 3-kenya18114-carrying-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


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