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The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Carrying Bricks
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Digging Drainage
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Carrying Bricks To The Spring
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Incomplete Latrine
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Child Playing At Garbage Site
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Child Playing
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Household
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Arrowroot Planted By Spring
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Marion Walking To Current Source
The Water Project: Ataku Community -  Current Water Source

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 140 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - May 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 10/26/2018

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

A normal day in Ataku Community begins at 5am when a few children are seen helping their parents with household chores before they go to school.

There are some families that are able to prepare breakfast for their children, but other families cannot. No breakfast makes life difficult for these children, who attend classes with an empty stomach – resulting in poor academic performance. Often at the age of twelve, children are taken to urban centers to work as house or farm help.

Water

Ataku Spring serves more than 20 different households here. During the dry months, people from other areas make the walk to get water from Ataku Spring – it does not dry up. It’s the only source of water here and so families must use it for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and all their other needs, even though it’s contaminated.

People use containers, big and small, to fetch water. The spring is too shallow and muddy to fill a large container in one dunk. Normally a large container is dunked under the surface and filled as much as possible. Then, a smaller container is used to make up the difference.

“Last month, my mother had typhoid. I have not been able to go to school because the money that I was to use for a school fee was spent on my mother’s medication,” 16-year-old Esther told us.

Sanitation

Less than half of the 20 households using this spring have their own pit latrine. People are actually sharing a few latrines among themselves and most are overused and in pathetic condition. The walls are made of mud and wood, while boards and logs are suspended over the pit.

There are even fewer clotheslines, dish racks, and hand-washing stations here.

What we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


05/24/2018: Clean Water Flowing in Ataku Community

Ataku Community now has clean water! Ataku Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene.

Knowledge is Power

The community elected Amos Furi as committee secretary to help with project administration. On behalf of the entire committee, he went door to door to invite community members to attend our hygiene and sanitation training. They strongly encouraged that at least one representative be there for each household, which would give us a total of 15 participants.

We were pleasantly surprised with a turnout of 19 even though it was planting season in Ataku!

We met at Mr. Javan Namakara’s homestead under a tree.

The participants were active throughout the training, but women more so than men. This is probably because women are traditionally seen as those who should be most responsible for water, sanitation, and hygiene matters.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

The group walked over to the spring to see demonstrations of how to care for and manage the spring.

79-year-old Josephat Tende sacrificed time on his farm for the longterm benefits this knowledge offers his community.

“We are so grateful for the project, and particularly the hygiene training,” he said.

“We were ignorant about proper handwashing and oral hygiene. But now we have learned how to do it better and we shall train other community members on the same. This will ensure that we stay healthy.”

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. It took about two weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

Many families believed in witchcraft and thought there was a curse on their community; that if they were to build anything new or pursue anything new, sickness and death would follow. This also prevented many parents from sending their children to school.

After seeing the successful transformation at Ataku Spring, they now believe change is possible.


The Water Project : 23-kenya18118-clean-water


04/17/2018: Ataku Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Ataku Spring is making people in Ataku Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 5-kenya18118-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

1 individual donor(s)