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The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Sanitation Platfrom Construction
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Spring Construction
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Carrying Bricks To The Site
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Spring Excavation
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Onsite Training
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Dental Hygiene Training
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Solar Disinfection
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Training
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Training Participants
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Inside Esthers Home
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Household
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Household
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Household
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Children Playing
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Esther And Her Children
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Esther Luvale Karakacha
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Sharambatsa Community A -  Current Water Source

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - May 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Last Checkup: 07/10/2018

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

This is Esther, who lives in Sharambatsa.

She’s a farmer, widow, and the primary caregiver for her elderly mother. Esther lost her husband in 2015, after which she moved back here to be with her mother. She approaches her days with a bold wisdom, keen resourcefulness and dedication to hard work.

Her days start early. Without any other option, every morning starts with a long walk to collect the water needed for breakfast, bathing, and cleaning. There are a few occasions on which Esther buys water from vendors. The vendors normally sell dirty water, but Esther is happy with the valuable time she saves. Buying water all the time is financially unfeasible for her and her family.

Thus, spring water is the family’s primary option.

Water

Esther and hundreds of others make several trips to Mihako Spring to get water each day. It has not been an easy walk in life for Esther and her community, particularly in terms of water, education, and medical services. All of these are extremely hard to access due to the high level of poverty here.

“It’s always a challenge when the drainage is blocked and I have to ask other men to assist me. I always face opposition from their wives who feel threatened thinking I will snatch away their husbands since I have none,” Esther said.

“I am able to at least feed my family of five thanks to my husband who left me a farm to cultivate. My worst nightmare is when my children are sick, as I have to sell our food in order to take them for medical care. If I can find a good Samaritan to protect our spring, we shall reduce diseases and thus save money used for treating such water diseases.”

Sanitation

Less than half of the households living around Mihako Spring have their own pit latrine. Most of the latrines we observed are of a traditional nature, with mud walls and mud floors. The community reports that when the floor gets soiled, it’s really hard to clean. You cannot poor water on the dirt floor, so they instead smear it with mud. When it gets too dusty, they sprinkle water on the floor. Ash is used as a disinfectant. Since some families don’t have latrines, they share.

When they can’t access the latrine at a neighbor’s place, they resort to open defecation.

There are very few additional sanitation tools like clotheslines, dish racks, and hand-washing stations.

What we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least three days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic. Since open defecation was encountered here, this is at the top of our list of things to address. Waste always needs to be disposed of properly, or else it will be spread by flies or rainwater.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower female community members like Esther by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


05/24/2018: Sharambatsa Community Has Clean Water

Sharambatsa Community now has clean water! Mihako Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

The community members were informed early on of all the project requirements, which entailed assembling local construction materials and selecting a Water and Sanitation Management Committee that would be trained on maintenance and management of the spring. One of the elected committee members went house to house inviting everyone to attend a more general community hygiene and sanitation training. Because good hygiene and sanitation are important, Esther Luvale urged that at least one representative come from each household.

The weather was sunny and hot. Considering this, the beneficiaries agreed to conduct training under a tree in Esther’s compound so that they could enjoy the cool breeze as they learned. This venue was also close to the spring site so we could walk over and conduct care and management demonstrations. Attendance was good, though the men were few in number. This was because they were assisting the skilled artisan by ferrying local materials, mixing concrete, and casting sanitation platforms.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

The trainer demonstrates how to brush your teeth the right way.

The dental hygiene information was especially useful for this community. People had a false understanding of dental hygiene, including a baby’s teething stage. They believed symptoms of teething are diarrhea and fever. They also told us that they always solved this problem by putting herbal medicine on the gums of the child. Others would force the teeth out using crude tools which could lead to HIV infections. The trainer was able to teach that these children are actually getting diarrhea because of their need to chew on things, no matter the cleanliness of those things.

Participants were grateful for the session on handwashing too. Whenever they’d wash their hands after visiting the latrine, they’d dunk their hands in a bucket of water. We taught that handwashing should be done with flowing water and soap, which should be done not only after using the latrine, but after changing a baby’s diaper, before cooking, and before eating meals.

“I will not forget the training that these young ladies have taught us. In the past, I never knew that loss of teeth is not a sign of old age, but of poor oral hygiene,” Mrs. Margret Makayi said.

“I’ve lost several, but with this information, I won’t be losing teeth anymore!”

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

Working together to excavate level ground for the concrete foundation.

Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The area behind the discharge pipe called the ‘spring box’ is filled with materials like rocks, gravel, and fine sand, then covered with plastic to prevent contamination.

The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. It took about two weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

As soon as the project was completed, word spread around the community that clean water was flowing. Community members gathered around the water spring to see for themselves. They included the village elder, the water and sanitation committee officials, and our artisan and staff. We were honored to celebrate with them as they tried their first sips of clean water from Mihako Spring.


The Water Project : 23-kenya18122-clean-water


04/17/2018: Sharambatsa Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Mihako Spring is making people in Sharambatsa Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 4-kenya18122-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Data Abstract Solutions, Inc.
Southside School
Lizard Thicket
Teespring
19 individual donor(s)