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The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Sanitation Platform Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Spring Protection Construction
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Delivering Materials To The Spring
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Happy Helpers
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Bad Roads On The Way To The Spring
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Newly Built Handwahsing Station
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Group Picture After Spring Management Training
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Training
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Garbage Site
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Household
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Household
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Sarah Wamalwa Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Mbande Community -  Current Water Source

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 420 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - Aug 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

“My name is Sarah, and I have been married in this community for the last 12 years. The greatest challenge in this community is accessing safe, clean drinking water. I cannot count the number of times that I have had to take my children to the health center for treatment. At times, they are suffering from typhoid and other times bacteriological infection.”

In Mbande Community, both the women and men are seen going down to the spring to fetch water. A person makes an average of 5-10 trips per day, depending on what their family needs to accomplish. There will be several trips on laundry day, and fewer when they just need to drink and cook. These water trips begin as early as 6am.

Most people farm and then sell their extra produce at the local market. Lots of farmers choose to specialize in sugarcane since there’s a nearby sugar factory that buys it. Each morning after getting water, cleaning and taking breakfast, some of them have to travel to Malava Town for their jobs.

Water

The main source of water for Mbande Community is Handa Spring. The water is entirely open to the surrounding environment and gets particularly dirty after it rains. The water is always a cloudy color, which darkens are more and more people stir up the water as they dunk their containers to fill them. They submerge their jerrycans to dodge insects and other things floating on the surface.

The community uses this water to meet all of their needs, even drinking. They’re constantly suffering from diarrhea, stomaches, and headaches. If they make it to a health clinic, they’ll often find out it’s typhoid.

Sanitation

Less than half of households have a pit latrine, most of which are old and full. Because so many households are still missing this important facility, they’re using the bushes. There are no opportunities for handwashing, nor many helpful tools like dish racks or clotheslines.

Sarah Wamalwa is a 48-year-old housewife. She recounts the greatest challenge she has had to face each day regarding lack of proper sanitation.

“It’s a shame that I have a latrine that is not in a very good state. I wish I had a toilet that is structurally good so that I can wash with water when it’s dirty and also proudly show my visitors when they need to use the latrine,” she said.

“My children fear falling in the latrine due to the big hole, hence they opt to use the banana plantations. When my in-laws come, I ask my neighbor so that they can use her toilet. But for how long will my good neighbor allow me to share her toilet?”

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


08/08/2018: Mbande Community Project Complete

Mbande Community now has clean water! Handa Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

During our supervision on the spring protection process, we talked to one of the community members, Mrs. Sarah Wamalwa, and decided on a suitable day for hygiene and sanitation training based on the season’s activities. She then went around telling other community members about the planned training. Based on the population in this area, we expected around 20 people to come. However, we had 16 of which very few were men. It turns out most of the men had left the village in search of casual labor jobs.

We met in a field near the spring. The weather was favorable, though a bit sunny. Being the rainy season, we were lucky that it didn’t start to rain while we were out there.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Water pollution and water treatment were both memorable topics for the participants. They were asked to name ways of treating water, and they mentioned boiling water, chlorinating, and using waterguard.

In addition to the water treatment methods mentioned above, the participants were taught about solar disinfection. They were very impressed with it and promised to use this method because it is easy and doesn’t need anything but a clear container, sun, and time.

Mrs. Ruth Shikuku is a community health volunteer says she learned a lot from the training.

“This training has come in handy for us as community health volunteers since it has emphasized what we teach the community members about water, sanitation and hygiene practices and their importance,” she said.

“Now they will take it seriously and personally, I have acquired more knowledge about health. I promise to pass this information to other volunteers in other villages so that Malava becomes a healthy area free from preventable diseases.”

The group posing for a picture after spring management training.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and make wonderful, easy to clean latrine floors. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too. The women were especially helpful throughout the construction process, for many of the men refused to volunteer without getting paid an hourly wage. Women, however, said they would do whatever it takes to get clean water for their families.

Women carrying stones to the artisan working on the spring.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Starting on the walls

As the wing walls and headwall cured, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Plastering the spring walls

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. The concrete dried over the course of two weeks. The community members put tree branches that had thorns over the spring box to prevent people from stepping on it and later put up a fence around the area. They have also planted grass and trees in order to enhance the spring’s functionality and sustainability.

As soon as the spring protection was ready for use, the field officer made a visit to officially hand it over to the community.

“When my daughter-in-law Sarah told me about your organization and your intention to protect our spring, I didn’t take her seriously because I have had different groups of people who had come and promised to protect the spring only to disappear forever!” Mr. Mark Handa said.

“This is a dream come true for us and I am glad my family and the community at large can now access clean and safe water. This will now minimize trips to the hospital since water-related diseases will be a thing of the past. I promise to take good care of this spring and I won’t allow anyone to joke around with it.”

Women gathered at Handa Spring to witness clean water flowing from the pipe.

“Our hard work has paid off,” they exclaimed!


The Water Project : 41-kenya18125-clean-water


05/18/2018: Mbande Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Handa Spring is making people in Mbande Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 2-kenya18125-fetching-water


Project Videos


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!