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The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Sanitation Platform
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Filling In The Spring Box
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Construction
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Gathering Stones For Construction
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Handwashing Training
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Training
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Things Drying
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Household
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Farm
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Lady Carrying An Open Bucket Of Water
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Ikonyero Community -  Jesse Spring

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 350 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - May 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Community Profile

Ikonyero Community is covered with agriculture, where farmers grow maize, beans, groundnuts, and bananas. Many also rear cattle, chickens, and pigs as an alternative source of income. These farmers used to be big on sugarcane, but have given up on it since the closure of the nearby Mumias Sugar Company. The bankruptcy of this company has subjected farmers to a lot of new challenges.

Water

The challenge of dirty water and its resulting waterborne diseases has always existed in this community. Community members living in Ikonyero rely on Jesse Spring, an open pool of water that’s constantly polluted. It’s especially worse after the rains, which wash dirt and waste into the water.

The water is deep enough for a large container of 20-liters to be dunked under the surface and filled. This water is brought home and used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. Mr. Silas Munayi said, “We have suffered a lot after consuming water from this source, especially during the rainy and dry seasons of the year. People in this area suffer from waterborne diseases, with typhoid being the most rampant.”

Sanitation

Most pit latrines are simply made of wooden floors, mud walls, and iron roofs. There aren’t many doors, because it’s cheaper for families to hang sugar sacks in the openings. Some of their pits are almost full. The households that don’t have their own latrine often share with their neighbor.

We saw a couple of hand-washing stations, but they didn’t have soap. The majority of homes are also missing other sanitation tools like dish racks and counters in the kitchens and clotheslines to dry their belongings.

Here’s what we’re going to do about it:

Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also inform the community about what they need to contribute to make the construction for this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Finally, a committee will be formed that oversees operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior and delegate tasks that will help preserve the water point, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over.

Spring Protection

Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water, which means the water will be safe, clean, and adequate.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water And Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to provide the reports for this project (formatted and edited for readability) thanks to the hard work of our friends in Kenya.

Project Updates


05/25/2018: Ikonyero Community Project Complete

Ikonyero Community now has clean water! Jesse Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

We worked together with Mr. Silas Munayi, our main contact person in Ikonyero. He gave us the community’s preferred date for training, for he was very much aware of the community calendar when it comes to planting season and other big events.

We were expecting more than twenty participants to attend the training, but due to the fact that most Ikonyero residents travel to Lubao Market every day to sell wares and produce, we only trained 16 people. We held training just a few meters from Jesse Spring so that we could demonstrate care and management.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Participants were particularly engaged in the session on handwashing. There are 10 steps to thoroughly wash one’s hands, but Mr. Shikami said that following all 10 steps would only be possible if a person wasn’t hungry! They had a chance to watch us demonstrate these steps and then practice them in front of the group.

“For me, most of the things you have taught us today are new to me. I have been doing contrary to all what I have learned today. I guess the challenges that I’ve had with my neck, and especially the waterborne diseases, are due to lack of this vital information,” Mrs. Margaret Munayi said.

“Having the information now, I am sure I will not remain the same. May God bless you so much!”

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

A man helping transport stones to the spring site.

Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Halfway through filling the spring box with stones, gravel, and fine sand. This protects the water coming up from the ground.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. It took about two weeks of patience for the concrete to dry. As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion.

“The new water point looks very clean and very attractive to the eyes,” Mr. Shikami said.

“This implies that the water is very clean, as there is no more direct entry of agents of contamination as it was before the protection of this spring. We are very grateful and honored for our spring’s protection.”


The Water Project : 18-kenya18139-clean-water


04/27/2018: Ikonyero Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Jesse Spring is making people in Ikonyero Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 5-kenya18139-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!