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The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Clean Water
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Lined Up For The Clean Water
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Standing With New Latrine Platform
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Spring Protection Nearly Completed
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Construction Underway
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Laying Bricks For Protection
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Placing Stones For Spring
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Training Meeting
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Handwashing Demonstration
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Clothes Drying
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Dish Rack
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Latrine
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Household
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Ibrahim Cleaning Up His Compound
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Cattle
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Children Playing
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Water Containers
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Groundnuts
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Sugarcane
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Arrowroot Planted At Spring
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Elukuto Community -  Current Water Source

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Installed - May 2018

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


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Community Profile

The people of Elukuto Village wake up very early in the morning to prepare their children for school and then work on their farms. The community keeps dairy cattle, grows maize, sugarcane, groundnuts, cassava, yams, bananas and various vegetables. Sugarcane growing is predominant in this area because the crop is sold to local sugar factories.

The community is special because through farming and keeping cattle, they afford to educate their children. It is a hardworking community that not only works hard but works smart. Making bricks is another economic activity that is vibrant here, owing to an amazing amount of construction going on in the area.

Water Situation

Isa Spring is in Elukuto Village, serving at least 100 different households. Its water is used for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and irrigation during the driest months. Unfortunately, the spring’s water is open to pollution. The water is prone to contamination after it rains, with the rainwater washing dirt, feces, fertilizers, and countless other things into the water.

Hundreds come with their 20-liter jerrycans, filling them up from the water flowing over an iron sheet. This allows them to fill their jerrycans without dunking them under the water.

Community members suffer from waterborne illnesses such as typhoid and amoeba due to drinking water from Isa Spring. Speaking with Mr. Isa Matala, we learned that his wife had typhoid just the week before.

Sanitation Situation

Quite a large number of homes still need a pit latrine of their own. Most families share one pit latrine among themselves. These latrines are made from mud with wooden floors. Plastic bags, sacks or iron sheets are often hung in the doorway for privacy.

Hand-washing after using the latrine is not a habit here, either.

Mr. Isa Matala said, “The idea of protecting Isa Spring will solve our water problems. Moreover, the sanitation facilities and health promotion campaign through trainings will enlighten the community to take matters related to community health as a priority.”

Here’s what we plan to do about it.

You can donate directly to this project to help us provide a reliable source of clean, safe water and equip families with important hygiene and sanitation information. We hope you’ll join us.

Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least three days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed. Hand-washing will also be a big topic. Since open defecation was encountered here, this is at the top of our list of things to address. Waste always needs to be disposed of properly, or else it will be spread by flies or rainwater.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower female community members by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Project Updates


05/25/2018: Elukuto Community Project Complete

Elukuto Community now has clean water! Isa Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of clean water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been done on sanitation and hygiene.

New Knowledge

Isa Matala, the landowner of where the spring is located, was tasked with organizing the training. He gave us the community’s preferred date for training, for he was very much aware of the community calendar when it comes to planting season and other big events.

Some 21 people attended, mostly women. It is a number that exceeded the expected 15 participants, so we were very happy with the turnout.

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

The younger participants were the most active. They asked many questions to get more information on water and sanitation. The demonstration session was most interesting because it allowed for the participants to actively participate. Overall, the demonstration session enhanced the community’s understanding of the basic principles of water and sanitation.

Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed. These five families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Woman stands on new latrine platform

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and gravel. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

Protection underway

Men and women lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polyethylene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Laying brick for new water source

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

Nearly done!

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a polyethylene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. It took about two weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

“We thank God for the Water Project through WEWASAFO for considering the community’s spring for protection. Many people had visited the area promising to protect the spring but all in vain. However, at last, the spring has been protected and we are assured of clean and safe water for our use,” Mr. Wilson Shikuku explained.

Lined up to collect the safe water

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion.


The Water Project : kenya18165-clean-water


03/19/2018: Elukuto Community Project Underway

Dirty water from Isa Spring is making people in Elukuto Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know your community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with more good news!


The Water Project : 2-kenya18165-current-water-source


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!



Contributors

Yakima Foursquare Church