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The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Mud Latrine
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Spring Water Being Used For Laundry
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Brian In His Kitchen
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Community Member Raises Domestic Ducks
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Bricks

Project Status

Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  Under Construction
Estimated Install Date (?):  09/30/2019

Project Features

Click icons to learn about each feature.

Shaban Opuka Spring is a hub of activity in Eshikhugula. The 560 people living here have noticed people from other villages coming to Shaban Opuka Spring, too. That is because Shaban Opuka Spring has a ton of water that outlasts the dry months of the year.

“During the dry seasons, all other people come to draw water from the unprotected spring. This brings congestion at the spring. In addition, the containers that the people use to draw water from the unprotected spring contribute to contamination,” said Mr. Musa Opuka, a village elder from the community.

The issue here is that the spring is entirely open to contamination. It gets particularly dirty after it rains. Animals are free to come and go when they’re thirsty, too. Nonetheless, people fill their containers with this dirty water and use it for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and other domestic uses.

People get waterborne illnesses that force them to miss working on their farms and providing for their families. A lot of money is spent on typhoid treatment and visits to the clinic. Being ill or having an ill family member keeps people from making a steady income through farming and brick-making.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.


“Indeed this is a God-given opportunity and the idea of protecting the spring will solve our water problems. Moreover, the sanitation facilities and health promotion campaign through trainings will enable, enlighten, and capacity-build the community to take matters related to community health as a priority,” explained Mrs. Antilati Makwaku.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

Quite a number of homes still do have pit latrines, so neighbors are forced to share.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates

08/13/2019: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Shaban Opuka Spring is making people in Eshikhugula Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!

The Water Project : 5-kenya19126-fetching-water

Project Photos

Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which leads to a concrete spring box and collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Kate from Fishers
Gur's Campaign for Water
The Fight for Water
7 individual donor(s)