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The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Completed Spring
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Digging Diversion Channel
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Breaking Stones
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Kids Look On
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Bricklaying Begins
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Laying The Foundation
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Community Members Talk With Artisan
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Women Deliver Cement
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Women Deliver Cement
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Staircase Excavation
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Staircase Excavation
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Training Begins
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Attentive Participants
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Field Officer In Action
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  New Sanitation Platform Beneficiaries
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Camera Shy
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Smiles For Flowing Water
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Flowing Water
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Mounting His Water
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Clear Water
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Field Officer And Kids
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Completed Spring
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Kids Help Deliver Materials
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Mud Latrine
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Spring Water Being Used For Laundry
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Brian In His Kitchen
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Water Storage Containers
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Current Water Source
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Community Member Raises Domestic Ducks
The Water Project: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring -  Bricks

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:  In Service - Sep 2019

Functionality Status:  Functional

Project Features


Click icons to learn about each feature.



Shaban Opuka Spring is a hub of activity in Eshikhugula. The 560 people living here have noticed people from other villages coming to Shaban Opuka Spring, too. That is because Shaban Opuka Spring has a ton of water that outlasts the dry months of the year.

“During the dry seasons, all other people come to draw water from the unprotected spring. This brings congestion at the spring. In addition, the containers that the people use to draw water from the unprotected spring contribute to contamination,” said Mr. Musa Opuka, a village elder from the community.

The issue here is that the spring is entirely open to contamination. It gets particularly dirty after it rains. Animals are free to come and go when they’re thirsty, too. Nonetheless, people fill their containers with this dirty water and use it for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and other domestic uses.

People get waterborne illnesses that force them to miss working on their farms and providing for their families. A lot of money is spent on typhoid treatment and visits to the clinic. Being ill or having an ill family member keeps people from making a steady income through farming and brick-making.

What we can do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

Training

“Indeed this is a God-given opportunity and the idea of protecting the spring will solve our water problems. Moreover, the sanitation facilities and health promotion campaign through trainings will enable, enlighten, and capacity-build the community to take matters related to community health as a priority,” explained Mrs. Antilati Makwaku.

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring. One of the most important topics we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it’s consumed.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage. The fence will keep out destructive animals, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

Sanitation Platforms

Quite a number of homes still do have pit latrines, so neighbors are forced to share.

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should most benefit from new latrine floors.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families chosen for sanitation platforms must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Project Updates


09/30/2019: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring Project Complete!

Eshikhugula Community now has access to clean water! Shaban Opuka Spring has been transformed into a flowing source of water thanks to your donation. We protected the spring, provided 5 sanitation platforms to different households in the community, and we trained the community on improved sanitation and hygiene practices.

Community members in front of the completed spring

Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, including bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, stones, and fencing poles. Accommodations and meals were provided for the artisan, too.

The Process

Women and men lent their strength to the artisan to help him with manual labor. In fact, more women than men turned out to help carry materials to the spring site and pitched in with construction, really showing their strength in this village. The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of thick plastic tarp, wire mesh, and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the headwall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the headwall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

Women deliver bags of cement to the artisan

As the wing walls and headwall were curing, the stairs were set and ceramic tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This protects the concrete from the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the headwall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.

The source area was filled up with clean stones and sand and covered with a thick plastic tarp to prevent potential sources of contamination. It took about 2 weeks of patience for the concrete to dry.

Staircase excavation

As soon as it was ready, people got the okay from our field officers to begin fetching clean water. We met them there to celebrate this momentous occasion. A site meeting was held to mark the completion and commissioning of the protected spring. The event was marked with prayer, praises, songs, and thanksgiving. The community was ecstatic that the protected spring will help to greatly improve hygiene standards within the community and hence lead to an improved quality of life. The community leaders thanked God, our team, and the donors for helping to protect their spring.

Community member at the spring

“I would like to specifically appreciate The Water Project…for considering this community for such a water facility. Thank you for your concern for communities and service to humanity. May the almighty God bless you”, explained an excited Mrs. Rebecca Wafula, our main contact in the Eshikhugula community and also a local business person.

Young boy at the spring

Sanitation Platforms

All 5 sanitation platforms have been installed. These 5 families are happy about this milestone of having a private latrine of their own and are optimistic that people will no longer leave waste outdoors. We are continuing to encourage families to finish building walls and roofs over their new latrine floors.

Children with a new sanitation platform

New Knowledge

Mrs. Rebecca Wafula, a local business person in Eshikhugula, was tasked with organizing the training. She gave us the community’s preferred date for training, for she was very much aware of the community calendar when it comes to planting season and other big events.

10 people attended training, which was not an unexpectedly-low turnout from what we expected. This was because most of the community members were working on their farms, primarily weeding, as it turned out. The training took place on a sunny day right at the spring site. The participants sat under a shade of a tree while the artisan and other laborers continued with the construction.

Training begins

We covered several topics including leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; and the prevention and spread of disease. We also covered water treatment methods, personal care like handwashing, environmental hygiene, hygiene promotion, and many other things.

Our conversation on water handling and sanitation was quite special. The community members were shocked to learn that while they thought they had been handling their water safely, it had never occurred to them that carrying water in a clean bucket that has no lid still rendered their water unsafe for drinking. This was because their fingers would dip into the water and other contaminants like dust would settle in the water before it was used. We had a thorough discussion on this topic and all agreed to work on improving the handling of their water.

Field Officer Mary Afandi in action at training

“The training has been timely and we have gained important information from our facilitator,” said an excited Mrs. Aminsa Robai, a local farmer. “We promise to endeavor [to] improve on our weaknesses from today and also we shall pass the information to the entire village so as to improve on the hygiene and sanitation of every household.”

Thank you for making all of this possible!


The Water Project : 16-kenya19126-completed-spring


08/13/2019: Eshikhugula Community, Shaban Opuka Spring Project Underway!

Dirty water from Shaban Opuka Spring is making people in Eshikhugula Community sick. Thanks to your generosity, we’re working to install a clean water point and much more.

Get to know this community through the narrative and pictures we’ve posted, and read about this water, sanitation and hygiene project. We look forward to reaching out with news of success!


The Water Project : 5-kenya19126-fetching-water


Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors

Kate from Fishers
Gur's Campaign for Water
The Fight for Water
7 individual donor(s)