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The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Water Storage
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Inside Kitchen
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Joshua M
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Peter M
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Joan Mable
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Children Outside House
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Clothesline
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Bathroom
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Sugarcane Plantation
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Joan Mable
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Bathing Shelter
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Household Compound
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Farm Waste Pit
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Maize Plantation
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Outside Kitchen
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Latrine
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Water Source
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Water Source
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Joshua M
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Water Source
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Adding Fertilizer To Crops
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Water Source
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Dishrack
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Carrying Water
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Household Compound
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Animal Pen
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Peter M
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Fetching Water
The Water Project: Masukutse Community, Joshua Makavila Spring -  Fetching Water

Project Status



Project Type:  Protected Spring

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Project Phase:  Donate to this Project
Estimated Install Date (?):  08/19/2022

Project Features


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Community Profile

Joshua Makavila Spring is open to contamination and constantly overcrowded. This leaves the 105 residents of Masukutse sick and without time to devote to better tasks, like farming, cleaning, or even homework.

Fetching the water from the spring is a painstaking and tedious process. Whatever containers the community members use have to be kept up close to the surface, or else the muck from the bottom will get stirred up. If they don’t take this precaution, their jerrycans will be full of brown water that won’t clear no matter how many times it’s sieved.

But in the morning and evening, when everyone is finally done with work or school, people are rushed by others waiting to take their turns.

“When I come home from school, I find a big crowd at the spring,” said 12-year-old Joan M. Because she has to wait in long lines, Joan explained that she doesn’t get to do her homework until very late at night when she would rather be sleeping.

“We use a lot of money to treat waterborne diseases like diarrhea, stomachache, and typhoid,” said 73-year-old Joshua Makavila, the owner of the land the spring sits on and, therefore, the spring’s namesake. “If you can’t afford medication, you just die.”

What We Can Do:

Spring Protection

Protecting the spring will help provide access to cleaner and safer water and reduce the time people have to spend to fetch it. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. With the community’s high involvement in the process, there should be a good sense of responsibility and ownership for the new clean water source.

Fetching water is a task predominantly carried out by women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will, therefore, help empower the female members of the community by freeing up more of their time and energy to engage and invest in income-generating activities and their education.

Training on Health, Hygiene, COVID-19, and More

To hold trainings during the pandemic, we work closely with both community leaders and the local government to approve small groups to attend training. We ask community leaders to invite a select yet representative group of people to attend training who will then act as ambassadors to the rest of the community to share what they learn. We also communicate our expectations of physical distancing and wearing masks for all who choose to attend.

The training will focus on improved hygiene, health, and sanitation habits in this community. We will also have a dedicated session on COVID-19 symptoms, transmission routes, and prevention best practices.

With the community’s input, we will identify key leverage points where they can alter their practices at the personal, household, and community levels to affect change. This training will help to ensure participants have the knowledge they need about healthy practices and their importance to make the most of their water point as soon as water is flowing.

Our team of facilitators will use a variety of methods to train community members. Some of these methods include participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation, asset-based community development, group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

One of the most important issues we plan to cover is the handling, storage, and treatment of water. Having a clean water source will be extremely helpful, but it is useless if water gets contaminated by the time it is consumed. We and the community strongly believe that all of these components will work together to improve living standards here, which will help to unlock the potential for these community members to live better, healthier lives.

We will then conduct a small series of follow-up trainings before transitioning to our regularly scheduled support visits throughout the year.

Training will result in the formation of a water user committee, elected by their peers, that will oversee the operations and maintenance of the spring. The committee will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage channels. The fence will keep out destructive animals and unwanted waste, and the drainage will keep the area’s mosquito population at a minimum.

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Project Photos


Project Type

Protected Spring

In many communities, natural springs exist as water flows from cracks in rocky ground or the side of a hill.  Springs provide reliable water but that doesn’t mean safe. When left open they become contaminated by surface contamination, animal and human waste and rain runoff. The solution is to protect the source. First, you excavate around the exact source area of the spring. Then, you build a protective reservoir for water flow, which pours through a reinforced pipe in a concrete headwall to a paved collection area. Safe water typically flows year-round and there is very limited ongoing maintenance needed!


Contributors