Location: Kenya

Regional Program:
Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 500 Served

Project Phase:
Installed

Functionality Status:
Functional

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Stories and Community Profile

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

Munzakula Village is home to 840 people from about 120 different families.

(Editor’s Note: While this many people may have access on any given day, realistically a single water source can only support a population of 350-500 people.  This community would be a good candidate for a second project in the future so adequate water is available. To learn more, click here.)

A normal day begins early in the morning to get daily chores done before the heat. The first things to do are collection activities; fetching water and firewood for meals that day. Many women continue collecting firewood to sell in the local market. Other men and women go to the Nyayo Tea Zone to work in others’ fields as casual laborers. Some community members have their own small pieces of land where they farm, but most of the yield is used for their own families. The major crops are maize, beans, and avocados.

There are also a number of university students living in this area, so many families focus on providing services or commodities that the students need. Some people in the area have even added on to their homes so they can house tenants.

Water Situation

A handful of families are connected to piped water, but the water is irregular. There is a piped point that charges five shillings per 20-liter jerrycan, but it is only open during the morning and evening. Because of the hundreds living around the water point, it’s not possible for everyone to get what they need. Instead of waiting in line, many women must either draw water from an unprotected spring or walk to the next community to access a protected spring.

The unprotected spring is named after its landowner, Mr. Musonye, and is the most convenient water source. However, a visit confirmed that the water is dirty because it is open to many different contaminants. People fetching water from Musonye Spring must wade into the water to fill their containers. Many of the neighboring families do not have their own latrines, so there is a high chance that waste from open defecation washes into the water when it rains. Animals drink from the same source.

After drinking water from Musonye Spring, people complain of cholera, typhoid, bilharzia and diarrhea. A safe water shortage in this community is a huge cause of poverty, since the community members must waste a lot of time searching for water to fetch or buy. And when dirty water is sourced, even more money and time is wasted to treat consequential waterborne diseases.

Sanitation Situation

More than half of households have their own pit latrine, but that leaves at least a quarter without one. There’s also a handful of homes that do not have helpful tools like dish racks or clotheslines to safely dry their belongings up off the ground. Even more distressing, very few families have a hand-washing station to wash up after using the latrine, handling waste, or before cooking.

Mr. Musonye told us “the current health situation is pathetic and in wanting, for most members have had many hospital visits to treat typhoid. This is an indicator of poor hygiene and thus unclean water, but we thank you so much for hearing our plea and coming to our rescue. We are ready to work with you to make the project successful.”

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. Mrs. Lumumba Lusire said, “I thank God for linking us to this office. Knowing what you do and accepting our request as Munzakula Village is the greatest privilege and gift we have received this new year. I am happy because my community will have accessible, affordable, available and safe, clean water. They will be able to eradicate illness and diseases caused as a result of unclean water.”


Project Photos


Recent Project Updates


04/27/2017: Munzakula Community Project Complete

Musonye Spring in Munzakula, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held at a community member’s home for a few sessions, and then proceeded to the spring for demonstrations. At this point, construction to protect the spring was finished.

There was a total of 19 participants, which is a great turnout. However, the majority were women. This makes sense, since women are considered most responsible for sanitation and hygiene at the household level.

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Training topics included but were not limited to leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. We also took a session to emphasize proper maintenance of the spring protection project. The community should refrain from washing clothes, water animals, farming with fertilizers, and open defecation in the vicinity.

By the end of the two days, participants formed a water and sanitation committee to oversee and maintain the spring protection. Other participants were equipped with the knowledge to become community health workers. These workers will be responsible for sharing what they learned with the rest of their community by making door-to-door visits. They will continue to keep their neighbors accountable so that the overall community can experience improved health.

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We saw results right after training was dismissed. Three of the female participants went immediately to the local clinic to receive more family planning assistance, and others returned home to start building more sanitation facilities such as dish racks, bathing rooms, and latrines. Mrs. Violet Yisua said, “Thank you so much for enlightening us about family planning services, its importance and where to get them. I personally have been suffering silently for I have had hard times with my spouse in making the decision. He insisted that family planning brings diseases like pressure but the knowledge you have instilled in us will help us and the rest of the community members.”

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Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We will continue to encourage these five families to build walls and roofs to protect their new platforms.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Construction to protect Musonye Spring began on March 12.

Before the actual construction could start, community members had to gather rocks and sand and deliver the materials to the spring site. They also helped our artisans clear the brush around the site.

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After a spring is earmarked for protection, our artisan arrives to clear the construction site. All bushes and trees are felled with machetes. This is followed by excavating up the slope from the spring output. Ballast is then mixed with cement and sand to make concrete. A wire mesh is lain on the excavated space before the concrete is added in order to create a strong foundation. This foundation is left to cure overnight.

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On the second day, the walls are raised with brick. The artisan then installs a pipe low in the collection wall to direct water from the reservoir to a concrete or plastic spring box. He then backfills the spring source with hardcore until water is flowing from the discharge pipe. The area around the spring is then landscaped, fenced, and drainage is dug.

Now that the spring is protected, it fills a 20-liter jerrycan with clean water in under 45 seconds. And by the way, that fact was captured during the end of the dry season!

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Farmer Christine Mbakala was there to celebrate this accomplishment, and didn’t miss a beat to collect her first container of clean water. “I am happy and so glad to have the safe water for I have suffered for long treating my grandchildren wbo have head several diarrhea. The money used for treating will now be used for better acitivities like their education and even nutrition,” she said with gratefulness.


The Water Project : 27-kenya4699-protected-spring


02/13/2017: Munzakula Community Project Underway

We are excited to share that work in Munzakula Community has begun. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Musonye Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and GPS coordinates. Check out the tabs above to read more about this project!

The Water Project and Munzakula Community Thank You for giving the hope of clean water and good health.


The Water Project : samsung-camera-pictures-454


Monitoring Data


Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Kakamega, Lurambi, Bukhungu, Mahiakalo, Munzakula
ProjectID: 4699
Install Date:  04/27/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Functional
Last Visit: 06/04/2017

Visit History:
06/04/2017 — Functional




Contributors

Project Sponsor - The Kerley Family Foundation


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Country Details

Kenya

Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.