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The Water Project : 1-kenya4700-nyangweso-spring

Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 196 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional

Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

A normal day for Emarembwa Community members starts at 6:30 AM. Women and children move back and forth to prepare for breakfast. Women are seen milking cows, after which they take the milk to the shopping center to sell. They turn the earned money around to buy sugar and tea leaves for breakfast. At this point, they are assured of breakfast. Girls are sent to the river while boys are sent to take care of cattle.

Women in this community have come up with a merry-go-round by which they help each other do daily activities like cultivating land and cutting sugarcane, among other activities. This has helped them save both time and money.

Water Situation

Nyangweso Spring is named after Mr. and Mrs. Nyangweso, the landowners.

When girls and other community members fetch water, they go to Nyangweso Spring. This spring is unprotected, which means it is open to contamination from different sources. When it rains, waste is washed into the water. The activities of both animals and humans also contaminate the water, and animals in particular drink straight from the spring.

Some families store their drinking water in covered clay pots, while others use 100 to 200-liter plastic barrels. Many women boil a portion of this water for their families, but community members still suffer from waterborne diseases like typhoid.

Sanitation Situation

Less than half of households here have their own pit latrine. Those we observed are made of old iron sheets and sugar sack doors, and are dirty and smelly. And less tha a quarter of homes have helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines to dry their belongings.

There were only a couple hand-washing stations spread throughout the community.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least three days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time to engage and invest in income-generating activities. In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. Village Elder Kizito says “It’s just by God’s grace we are still alive; we have really spent a lot of money on medication and this time round we hope to engage in other development activities and redirect our finances to the same.”

Recent Project Updates

05/09/2017: Emarembwa Community Project Complete

Nyangweso Spring in Emarembwa, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen, now help keep the water flowing! Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held at the village elder’s home, which is near Nyangweso Spring. The elected chairperson of the water user committee helped us invite at least one representative of every household to attend. The total ended up being 16 people, out of which four were male, and 12 were female. There were also a handful of children who accompanied their parents.

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Training topics included but were not limited to leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. We also took a session to emphasize proper maintenance of the spring protection project. The community should refrain from washing clothes, water animals, farming with fertilizers, and open defecation in the vicinity.

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By the end of the three days, participants formed a water and sanitation committee to oversee and maintain the spring protection. Other participants were equipped with the knowledge to become community health workers. These workers will be responsible for sharing what they learned with the rest of their community by making door-to-door visits. They will continue to keep their neighbors accountable so that the entire community can experience improved health.

And by the time the final day of training was dismissed, participants had already begun building dish racks, clotheslines, bathrooms, and compost pits for their families.

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Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We will continue to encourage these five families to build walls and roofs to protect their new platforms.

Project Result: Spring Protection

The community prepared for construction by gathering the local materials and delivering them to the spring. These included ballast, hardcore, sand, and bricks. Some of the women even prepared meals for our artisan.

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Our artisan arrived to direct the excavation of the spring area to create a level ground for setting and casting the foundation slab. This foundation is built using wire mesh, concrete and waterproof cement. During this process, the spring water is diverted to flow to the sides to avoid interference with cement work.

After the foundation has settled, the brick work for both wing walls and the head wall are done. These walls trap head waters and direct them towards the collection source. This builds enough pressure to raise the water to the discharge pipe fitted in the wall. As the bricks dry, staircases are made using concrete and bricks, and the basement foundation walls are constructed using hardcore, cement and sand. Tiles are then fitted on the spring floor to provide erosion resistance from the discharge pipe’s water. The brick is then plastered to finish both sides and further reinforce them against pressure.

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The collection source is then excavated and cleaned to remove any mud, and is redirected. The area behind the wall is then packed with hardcore that acts as a filter, and then covered with a polythene membrane to stop any external contamination. Finally, trenches are dug to direct sources of contamination away from the spring.

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Farmer Celina Makomere had been fetching dirty water from this spring for all 26 years of her life. “Personally, I lack words to express the joy in my heart. We have been using this dirty water for years, and it’s true that God has good plans for our life, glory to his name. Finally, we have clean and safe water, and we shall suffer no more. We want to embark on other development work!” Many people from neighboring villages have also joined Celina in fetching water from Nyangweso Spring; all can now drink its water without fear.

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03/27/2017: Emarembwa Community Project Underway

Emarembwa Community will soon have a clean source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Nyangweso Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, pictures, and GPS coordinates. Check out the tabs above to read more about this project!

The Water Project and Emarembwa Community Thank You for giving the hope of clean water and good health.

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Explore More of The Project

Project Photos

Monitoring Data

Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Kakamega, Shikoti, Emarembwa
ProjectID: 4700
Install Date:  05/09/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Last Visit: 09/07/2017

Visit History:
06/13/2017 — Functional
09/07/2017 — Functional


Christian Academy of Indiana, Inc.
Conant High School, Bioengineering and Environmental Sustainability Class
New Franklin PTO, Inc.
Faith Chapel
Junior Achievement - H2Go Company
Jasper Co Middle School
Status Church
Temple Shalom Emeth
PAL3100 Sem 1 Session 2016-2017
Anna Jonas
Memory of Grayson James Okyere
Kerr's 7th Grade
Christ Outreach Church Women of Faith
Birthday Donation for Cassandra Hughes
K. Graves
Rycus Family
Crush It or Flush It
149 individual donor(s)

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Country Details


Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.