The Water Project : 21-kenya4717-dedication
The Water Project : 20-kenya4717-dedication
The Water Project : 18-kenya4717-dedication
The Water Project : 15-kenya4717-finished-sanitation-platform
The Water Project : 14-kenya4717-clean-water
The Water Project : 13-kenya4717-clean-water
The Water Project : 12-kenya4717-clean-water
The Water Project : 11-kenya4717-clean-water
The Water Project : 10-kenya4717-sanitation-platform-construction
The Water Project : 9-kenya4717-concrete-drying
The Water Project : 8-kenya4717-woman-fetching-water-during-construction
The Water Project : 7-kenya4717-construction-materials-gathered-by-community
The Water Project : 6-kenya4717-training
The Water Project : 5-kenya4717-training
The Water Project : 2-kenya4717-training
The Water Project : 1-kenya4717-training
The Water Project : 20-kenya4717-latrine
The Water Project : 19-kenya4717-fireplace
The Water Project : 18-kenya4717-containers
The Water Project : 17-kenya4717-preparing-fruit
The Water Project : 16-kenya4717-washing-utensils
The Water Project : 15-kenya4717-rabbit-house
The Water Project : 14-kenya4717-household
The Water Project : 13-kenya4717-household
The Water Project : 12-kenya4717-fetching-water
The Water Project : 11-kenya4717-fetching-water
The Water Project : 10-kenya4717-fetching-water
The Water Project : 9-kenya4717-carrying-water
The Water Project : 8-kenya4717-carrying-water
The Water Project : 7-kenya4717-fetching-water
The Water Project : 6-kenya4717-fetching-water
The Water Project : 5-kenya4717-tadpoles-in-water
The Water Project : 4-kenya4717-ambale-spring
The Water Project : 3-kenya4717-ambale-spring
The Water Project : 2-kenya4717-ambale-spring
The Water Project : 1-kenya4717-mrs-amalavi-going-to-fetch-water-at-the-spring

Location: Kenya

Regional Program: Western Kenya WaSH Program

Impact: 203 Served

Project Phase:  Installed

Functionality Status:  Functional



Community Profile & Stories

This project is a part of our shared program with Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO). Our team is pleased to directly share the below report (edited for clarity, as needed).

Welcome to the Community

In Shikoti Community, women and men wake up by 6:30 am to go looking for enough water to make bricks, which is their main economic activity. Other than this, they also cultivate maize as a cash crop. For those community members who don’t venture into maize farming, they at least plant enough in a kitchen garden for their own family’s food.

Some also rear cattle, including bulls that are used in bullfighting, a common social and leisure activity in this community. Men take special care of their bulls to make them strong for bullfighting. When individuals pit their bulls against each other, the winner is given cash for their bull. This motivates them to work hard making sure their bulls are strong and ready to fight.

Water Situation

A major source of water in Shikoti Community is Ambale Spring. It is an unprotected source of water that is open to many different sources of contamination. It pools at the surface, and different kinds of aquatic critters make the water their home. The growing tadpoles are the most visible, as can be seen in the pictures.

The water is especially dangerous during the rainy seasons, when rainwater washes different contaminants like feces, farming chemicals, and garbage into the spring. Animals are also free to come and go to quench their thirst.

People most commonly carry a 20-liter jerrycan and smaller container for fetching. The cup is dunked into the spring over and over again until the larger jerrycan is filled. When the spring’s water is delivered back home, it is poured into different containers by intended use. Some water is kept outside, in the kitchen, and by the latrine. A covered clay pot is kept in the main sitting room for drinking, because it is believed to keep the water cool like a refrigerator.

After drinking this water, people suffer from waterborne diseases like cholera, typhoid, and diarrhea.

Sanitation Situation

Less than a quarter of households have a pit latrine, with the few in existence shared with neighbors. This overuse of latrines makes them dirty and smelly, attracting clouds of flies. The walls are made of mud, and the roofs are made of iron sheets or thatched grass. Because of these poor conditions, many community members, especially children, prefer to relieve themselves in the privacy of bushes.

There are no hand-washing stations, and only a few helpful tools like dish racks and clotheslines. Garbage is piled up near gardens and farms. When the pile gets too high, it is burnt. Anything that composts can be used as fertilizers for whatever’s growing.

Plans: Hygiene and Sanitation Training

Community members will attend hygiene and sanitation training for at least two days. This training will ensure participants are no longer ignorant about healthy practices and their importance. The facilitator plans to use PHAST (Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation), CLTS (Community-Led Total Sanitation), ABCD (Asset-Based Community Development), group discussions, handouts, and demonstrations at the spring.

Training will also result in the formation of a committee that will oversee operations and maintenance at the spring. They will enforce proper behavior around the spring and delegate tasks that will help preserve the site, such as building a fence and digging proper drainage.

Plans: Sanitation Platforms

On the final day of training, participants will select five families that should benefit from new latrines.

Training will also inform the community and selected families on what they need to contribute to make this project a success. They must mobilize locally available materials, such as bricks, clean sand, hardcore, and ballast. The five families must prepare by sinking a pit for the sanitation platforms to be placed over. All community members must work together to make sure that accommodations and food are always provided for the work teams.

Plans: Spring Protection

Fetching water is predominantly a female role, done by both women and young girls. Protecting the spring and offering training and support will therefore help empower the female members of the community by giving them more time and efforts to engage and invest in income-generating activities.

In addition, protecting the spring will ensure that the water is safe, adequate and secure. Construction will keep surface runoff and other contaminants out of the water. “We have really suffered in this village with waterborne diseases of the unprotected water,” said Catherine Ambale. If the system constructed at Ambale Spring is well-managed and maintained, then the clean water will keep community members healthy for years to come.


Recent Project Updates


08/07/2017: Shikoti Community Project Complete

Ambale Spring in Shikoti Community, Kenya is now a protected, clean source of water thanks to your donation. The spring is protected from contamination, five sanitation platforms have been provided for the community, and training has been given in sanitation and hygiene. Imagine the changes that all of these resources are going to bring for these residents! You made it happen!  Now, want to do a bit more? Join our team of monthly donors and help us maintain this spring protection and many other projects.

We just updated the project page with the latest pictures, so make sure to check them out! And please enjoy the rest of the report from our partner in Kenya:

Project Result: New Knowledge

Hygiene and sanitation training was held at the home of Josephine Makokha, who was hospitable and invited us to make use of her large front yard. Many more women showed up than men, because women are viewed as most responsible for hygiene and sanitation in their households.

2 kenya4717 training

Community members always choose to hold training in a well-shaded area to keep out of the hot noon sun.

Training topics included but were not limited to leadership and governance; operation and maintenance of the spring; healthcare; family planning; immunizations; the spread of disease and prevention. We also covered water treatment methods, environmental hygiene, and hygiene promotion. We also took a session to emphasize proper maintenance of the spring protection project. The community should refrain from washing clothes, watering animals, farming with fertilizers, and open defecation in the vicinity.

1 kenya4717 training

As community members brainstorm, the trainer writes their ideas on poster paper in the front.

We brought poster paper and illustrations that facilitated discussion on healthy and unhealthy behaviors. Group discussions were also very effective in helping participants take responsibility for what they were learning. And since we were so close to the spring, we could take the group over there to do onsite training in management and maintenance.

5 kenya4717 training

The trainer takes participants on a walk to the spring so they can learn about how it works and how to best maintain it.

After these participants returned home, it was up to them whether or not they’d practice what they learned. Our trainers visited later, and were happy to find that many local households had picked up litter and thrown it in freshly-dug garbage pits. They had also erected hand-washing stations outside of their latrines.

6 kenya4717 training

These women – and one man – form the water committee that will oversee Ambale Spring.

Project Result: Sanitation Platforms

All five sanitation platforms have been installed and are ready for use. These five families are happy about this milestone and are optimistic that there will be much less open defecation. People without proper latrines would often use the privacy of bushes, but now have a private place of their own. It is expected that proper use of latrine facilities provided by the sanitation platforms will go a long way in reducing environmental pollution here. We will continue to encourage these five families to build walls and roofs to protect their new platforms.

The artisan takes a break from spring construction to cast a sanitation platform. This will form the base of a new latrine.

Project Result: Spring Protection

Community members provided all locally available construction materials, e.g bricks, wheelbarrows of clean sand, wheelbarrows of ballast, fencing poles and hard core (crushed rock and gravel). Accommodation and food for the artisan were provided and a few people volunteered their services as laborers.

However, construction materials presented the biggest challenge for community members. They collected everything they’d need and were ready to go ahead with construction, but went to bed that night and everything was stolen by the next morning. This forced them to collect everything over again – but they weren’t discouraged. They persevered saying that this was well worth the good health that clean water would bring.

7 kenya4717 construction materials gathered by community

People persevered to get the artisan all of the local materials he’d need to protect Ambale Spring.

The spring area was excavated to create space for setting the foundation of polythene, wire mesh and concrete. After the base had been set, both wing walls and the head wall were set in place using brickwork. The discharge pipe was fixed low in place through the head wall to direct the water from the reservoir to the drawing area.

8 kenya4717 woman fetching water during construction

Water is diverted during construction so the concrete can dry. Community members still had to fetch water, though!

As the wing walls and head wall were curing, the stairs were set and the tiles were fixed directly below the discharge pipe. This reduces the erosive force of the falling water and beautifies the spring. The process of plastering the head wall and wing walls on both sides reinforces the brickwork and prevents water from the reservoir from seeping through the walls and allows pressure to build in the collection box to push water up through the discharge pipe.  Lastly, the base of the spring was plastered and the collection box was cleaned. The source area was filled up with clean hardcore and covered with a polythene membrane to eliminate any potential sources of contamination. Finally, grass was planted and cutoff drains dug to direct surface water away from the spring box.

11 kenya4717 clean water

The woman who hosted training at her home, Mrs. Makokha, is now on the water user committee. She is grateful to see that the spring is protected, and will do her best to manage and maintain it so that it will serve generations to come. “I am happy at long last the spring is protected. No more spending a lot of money on treating waterborne diseases,” she shared. Other committee members joined Mrs. Makokha at the spring where they fetched their first full containers of clean water.


The Water Project : 21-kenya4717-dedication


05/03/2017: Shikoti Community Project Underway

Shikoti Community will soon have a clean, safe source of water thanks to your donation. Community members have been drinking contaminated water from Ambale Spring, and often suffer physical illnesses after doing so. Our partner conducted a survey of the area and deemed it necessary to protect the spring, build new sanitation platforms (safe, easy-to-clean concrete floors for latrines), and conduct sanitation and hygiene training. Thanks to your generosity, waterborne disease will no longer be a challenge for the families drinking the spring’s water. We look forward to sharing more details with you as they come! But for now, please take some time to check out the report containing community information, maps, and pictures.


The Water Project : 7-kenya4717-fetching-water


Explore More of The Project

Project Photos


Monitoring Data


Project Type:  Protected Spring
Location:  Kakamega, Shikoti
ProjectID: 4717
Install Date:  08/07/2017

Monitoring Data
Water Point:
Functional - New Project




Contributors

Project Sponsor - Yakima Foursquare Church


Want to start your own campaign? Learn more »

Country Details

Kenya

Population: 39.8 Million
Lacking clean water: 43%
Below poverty line: 50%

Partner Profile

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) works together with less privileged and marginalized members of communities in Western Kenya to reduce poverty through harnessing and utilization of local resources for sustainable development.